Yeti Crab

The yeti crab has hairy arms, which collect bacteria to feed on
Yeti Crab Scientific Classification
Yeti Crab Physical Characteristics
Grey, White
2lbs – 5lbs
Yeti Crab Distribition

The yeti crab is a family of deep- sea decapods shellfishes (basically, lobsters and also crabs) with unshaven arms and also a white covering.

The really initial species ( Kiwa hirsuta) was just found in 2005 on a hydrothermal air vent near Easter Island. Regardless of its lowered eyes and also blindsight, the yeti crab nonetheless has a number of one-of-a-kind adjustments to endure the severe biome of the chilly and also barren deep seafloor. Due to the fact that it can just be gotten to by deep- sea submarine, nevertheless, there is still a whole lot we do not recognize concerning it.

3 Amazing Yeti Crab Realities!

  • Among the a lot more fascinating truths is that yeti crabs overdo top of each various other to remain cozy near hydrothermal vents. One researcher counted some 700 crabs per square meter.
  • A hereditary evaluation recommends that the yeti crab family initially advanced some 30 million years back, when their forefathers initially conquered hydrothermal air vent biomes.
  • Due to the fact that it lives deep in the water, the yeti crab has no requirement of shade pigments, making it show up white or grey.

Yeti Crab Classification and also Scientific Name

The scientific name for the family of yeti crabs is Kiwa It is called after the siren of shellfish in Polynesian folklore. The yeti is ruled out to be a participant of the “real crabs,” however instead a very closely relevant team called the squat lobsters, that includes the hermit crabs. A lot more commonly, they come from the decapod order.

Yeti Crab Species

There are presently 5 identified species of yeti crabs.

  • Kiwa hirsuta: This is the very first species found back in 2005 by a team of scientists from the Monterey Bay Fish Tank. The crab was so various from any type of various other decapod that it required a completely different family. The name furry is really a Latin acceptation “unshaven.”
  • Kiwa puravida: A 2nd species was found in 2006 near the waters of Costa Rica. It has the very same unshaven claws as Kiwa furry
  • Kiwa tyleri: Very first found in 2010, this species lives in the East Scotia Ridge, simply north of Antarctica. It was amusingly called the Hoff crab, due to the fact that its unshaven upper body appeared like the star David Hasselhoff. The problems of its setting are so severe that the temperature level can go down some 400 levels Celsius within simply a couple of feet.
  • Unnamed Species: A 4th unrevealed species was initially located in 2011 at an area called Longqi, or Dragon’s Breath, in the center of the Indian Sea. The claws of this species are relatively fairly brief, and also the hair lies on the upper body like the Hoff crab. Based upon a hereditary evaluation, they appear to be rather carefully pertaining to Kiwa tyleri. They last shared an usual forefather some 1.5 million years back.
  • Kiwa araonae: This species was very first found in 2013 near the Australian- Antarctic Ridge. While it does have lengthy claws, it likewise does not have the lengthy, bristly hair.

Yeti Crab Appearance

The yeti crab is characterized by a typically crab- like form (the thick skin, the lengthy appendages, and also large claws), however it likewise looks quite like the mythological snowman for which it was called. The specifying attributes are the small, all- white body, gauging concerning 6 inches long, and also the lengthy bristly claws that allow them to gather germs. As stated formerly, some have unshaven upper bodies along with or instead of the unshaven claws. As a result of its very lowered eyes, it is believed to be totally or primarily blind.

A side view of the Yeti crab, new crab species found a thousand feet deep in the Pacific Ocean off Costa Rica. (Oregon State University)
A profile of the Yeti crab, brand-new crab species located a thousand feet deep in the Pacific Sea off Costa Rica. (Oregon State College)

Yeti Crab Distribution, Populace, and also Environment

The yeti crab is greatly native to the island to the chilly environments of the southerly Pacific Sea area, adjacent the waters of the Antarctic. The hydrothermal vents near which they live are basically fractures in the deep- sea flooring where mineral- abundant scalding warm water leaves from the surface area of the planet. While they are very adjusted for this environment, survival right here needs an extremely cautious equilibrium. If they wander off also much from the vents, after that they can adhere fatality in the freezing sea. However if they stray also close, after that they can get too hot and also pass away.

The most effective- recognized yeti crab, Kiwa hirsuta, is assumed to be fairly typical near hydrothermal vents of the southerly Pacific, however due to the fact that there isn’t adequate information readily available concerning them, the IUCN Red Checklist has actually never ever evaluated the conservation status for any one of the 5 recognized species.

Yeti Crab Predators and also Victim

Life near the hydrothermal air vent is various from practically anywhere else on earth. Microorganisms can not depend on sunshine to record power, so they transform power straight from the chemical moving from the vents. The yeti crab’s function in this facility community is not yet totally recognized, however we do understand that it eats the germs moving from the surface area.

What consumes the yeti crab?

The yeti crab does not appear to have numerous predators in its natural surroundings; it’s believed that some deep- sea octopuses and also fish might locate them fairly edible.

What does the yeti crab eat?

The whole diet of these crabs focuses on germs. By swing their unshaven claws via the plumes of oxygen, methane, and also hydrogen sulfide rising from the vents, they basically gather the germs to feed on. To the human eye, this odd motion looks type of like a balanced dancing.

Yeti Crab Recreation and also Life-span

The reproductive habits and also the life expectancy of these crabs still continue to be a full enigma. It’s thought that the hydrothermal vents are also cozy for the larvae to establish, so the female possibly lays eggs in the chillier waters. Extremely couple of various other truths are understood.

Yeti Crab in Angling and also Food Preparation

As a result of its remote setting, these crabs are not utilized in food preparation or angling. Considering that no person has actually attempted to taste it, we do not understand just how edible it is.


  1. Ocean Conservancy, Available here:
  2. BBC Earth, Available here:

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