The Xenoceratops is the oldest known horned dinosaur ever discovered in Canada.
Xenoceratops Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Xenoceratops foremostensis
Xenoceratops Physical Characteristics
4,000 pounds
Xenoceratops Distribition

The Xenoceratops is the earliest recognized horned dinosaur ever before uncovered in Canada.

Xenoceratops was a 2- lot vegetarian dinosaur that resided in existing- day Canada throughout the Late Cretaceous concerning 80 million years earlier. This makes it the earliest recognized huge- bodied, horned dinosaur ever before discovered in Canada. It is likewise among the earliest in The United States and Canada. Although just littles this dinosaur’s makeup are maintained in fossil documents, researchers have actually discovered a great deal of crucial features of the development of the horned dinosaurs by examining theXenoceratops

Xenoceratops isolated on white background
Xenoceratops lived around 80 million years earlier.

Summary and Dimension

Xenoceratops was a genus of centrosaurine ceratopsid dinosaurs that lived throughout the Late Cretaceous (concerning 80 million years ago). It belongs to the ceratopsian family of dinosaurs. All participants of this family are quadrupedal herbivores. Various other participants of the team consist of the Triceratops and Styracosaurus.

For Some Time, researchers believed this dinosaur was a forefather to the Triceratops Nonetheless, current explorations have actually revealed this to be incorrect. Nonetheless, they’re still carefully relevant given that they come from the very same family.

The Xenoceratops is understood from just one species, Xenoceratops foremostensis The genus name equates as “unusual horned face,” a recommendation to both weird- looking huge eyebrow horns situated over its eyes and a huge guard at the rear of its head. It’s likewise most likely that the name was a recommendation to the uncommon nature of the fossils given that explorations from this branch component of the fossil document were rather uncommon. The particular name foremostensis describes the Town of Foremost, the place of the dinosaur’s very first exploration.

This dinosaur had to do with the very same dimension as a rhinoceros, with an approximated size of 19.6 feet and a weight of over 2 heaps (4,000 extra pounds). It was approximately 7 feet high too. Although typical dimension for a dinosaur, the Xenoceratops was the most significant ceratopsid active 80 million years earlier.

Like various other ceratopsids, this dinosaur had bony fuss on its head. Nonetheless, the embellishment on the Xenoceratops‘ fuss varied from that of various other participants of its family. There were 2 handle- like bony estimates near the midline of the fuss. There was likewise a solitary straight spike beside these handles, while a big triangular handle existed on the former edges of the parietal.

Diet – What Did the Xenoceratops Eat?

Like various other ceratopsid dinosaurs, the Xenoceratops were vegetarian. It more than likely fed on brushes, cattails, and blossoms expanding in the primitive river deltas of the Late Cretaceous. This dinosaur had a birdlike beak that was utilized for reducing the plants it consumed. Researchers think they may have had a sophisticated teeth and might have relied upon microflora in their digestive tract to aid the failure of the plant issue they penetrated fermentation.

Environment – When and Where Xenoceratops Lived

Fossils of the Xenoceratops were discovered in the Foremost Development near the community of Foremost, Alberta, Canada. The dinosaur lived throughout the Late Cretaceous about 80 million years earlier. While Alberta is currently a chilly district in Canada, it was totally various throughout the Cretaceous Duration when this dinosaur lived there. It was a subtropical area with stormy days and droughts without rainfall.

Risks and Predators

The Xenoceratops lived together with predaceous dinosaur fossils, consisting of loved ones of the Tyrannosaurus rex, the duck- billed dinosaurs, and club- trailed ankylosaurs. Nonetheless, offered the substantial dimension of this dinosaur and the powerful horns on its head, the meat-eating dinosaurs that shared the very same environments with it were possibly not a significant risk.

Discoveries and Fossils – Where Xenoceratops was Found

The Xenoceratops was among minority dinosaur fossils from the Southern component of Alberta. A lot of the various other dinosaurs from Alberta lived additionally north. Just one species of Xenoceratops has actually been discovered to day. The summary of this dinosaur was based upon head pieces from a minimum of 3 people. All the fossils were uncovered in the Foremost Development, near the community of Foremost, Alberta, Canada.

Wann Langston, Jr. dug deep into the head pieces from Development in 1958. Nonetheless, he really did not research or explain the fossil for a number of years. Rather, it was kept in closets at the Canadian Gallery of Nature in Ottawa.

In 2003, David C. Evans and Michael J. Ryan discovered the samplings and made a decision to research them. They discovered that it came from a brand-new species and genus and released a detailed summary in 2012.

Taking into consideration the age of the development, Xenoceratops foremostensis is the earliest ceratopsid dinosaur from Canada. Likewise, although various other dinosaur fossils have actually been discovered in the Foremost Development, the Xenoceratops is the very first to be explained.

Termination – When Did Xenoceratops Pass Away Out?

The Foremost Development, where fossils of this dinosaur were discovered, has actually an approximated age of 78 million years. This makes it the earliest ceratopsid ever before discovered in Canada. The dinosaur is older than any one of the various other participants of its family, which is why its exploration is rather considerable, as it provides crucial understanding right into the development of this family of dinosaurs. Researchers are not exactly sure of the factors for this dinosaur’s termination. Nonetheless, from all indicators, they possibly prior to the termination occasion that occurred at the end of the Cretaceous.

Similar Animals to the Xenoceratops

Similar dinosaurs to the Xenoceratops consist of:

  • Triceratops: This is a genus of dinosaurs that lived concerning 68 million years earlier. Like the Xenoceratops, Triceratops likewise had horns on their faces. Yet they had 3 horns as opposed to 2 like their carefully relevant relatives.
  • Styracosaurus: This is a genus of dinosaurs that lived throughout the Late Cretaceous duration. This dinosaur had a lot more spiked horns than loved ones like the Triceratops (4- 6 spiked horns).
  • Judiceratops: This is a genus of horned dinosaurs that lived around the very same time as theXenoceratops Both dinosaurs resided in various areas of Canada and had really similar looks.


  1. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xenoceratops
  2. Prehistoric Wildlife, Available here: http://www.prehistoric-wildlife.com/species/x/xenoceratops.html
  3. New York Times, Available here: https://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/13/science/xenoceratops-new-type-of-horned-dinosaur-is-identified-in-canada.html

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