White-Tailed Eagle

It is one of the biggest birds of prey.
White-Tailed Eagle Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Haliaeetus albicilla
White-Tailed Eagle Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black, White, Cream
20-25 years
Top speed
46.5 mph
9.5-12 lbs
White-Tailed Eagle Distribition

” The biggest eagle in all of Europe

The white- tailed eagle is a sea eagle. It has a relatively big array throughout Eurasia. It is a raptor or meat-eating predator. Its tuft is one-of-a-kind and rather lovely.

4 Extraordinary White- tailed Eagle Realities!

  • It is the nationwide bird of Germany and is represented in the nation’s layer of arms.
  • White- tailed eagles will certainly take food from various other birds.
  • They mate forever.
  • The white- tailed eagle is a pinnacle killer.

Where to Locate the White- tailed Eagle

White- tailed eagles are located on the continents of Europe, Asia, and The United States And Canada. They are belonging to Europe, Greenland, Russia, China, and the Center East. They exist in aquatic, freshwater, and earthbound communities. They most typically live in seaside locations. Various other kinds of living atmospheres consist of aquatic, marsh, meadow, and woodland environments. Today they can be located in various nations around the world. Their array expands practically anywhere yet South America. The very best location to locate these splendid animals is near big bodies of water. Appreciate the skies, in the direction of trees, and near high cliffs to detect one. They can be located year- round.

White- tailed Eagle Nests

The female is usually accountable of constructing the nests. She will certainly develop an enormous framework that gauges around 6.6 feet deep and 3.3 feet throughout. She utilizes sticks and branches to develop the outside of the nest. It is after that lined with moss, algae, woollen, and numerous plant products. The nest is found up high, normally generally fork of a tree, on a substantial branch, or often on an or else uninhabited high cliff.

White- tailed Eagle Scientific Name

Haliaeetus albicilla is the scientific name for the white- tailed eagle. This predator is often called various other names such as the white- tailed sea eagle, Eurasian sea eagle, grey sea eagle, white- tailed fish eagle or erne. Being a bird, the white- tailed eagle remains in the Aves class. It is consisted of in the Accipitridae family which incorporates species of eagles, hawks, kites, and old- globe vultures.
Haliaeetus albicilla has 2 subspecies: Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla and Haliaeetus albicilla groenlandicus (Greenland white- tailed eagle).

The genus Haliaeetus is converted as “sea eagle.” It is stemmed from the Greek words hali which indicates “sea” and aetos significance “eagle.” The scientific name albicilla originates from New Latin abli and cilla which imply “white” and “tail” specifically.

White- tailed Eagle vs Bald Eagle

The white- tailed eagle and the bald eagle, though very closely associated, are 2 distinctive species. They are both sea eagles, sharing the very same genus Haliaeetus They are additionally similar in dimension with a virtually similar wingspan. There is just an inconsistency of half an inch or much less in between the wingspan of both birds. One of the most striking physical distinction in between these 2 species is the coloring, specifically the head. The bald eagle’s head is pure white and contrasts significantly versus its dark brownish body. The white- tailed eagle’s head is lotion to brown tinted and appears to blend right into the tones of brownish and black of its body.

Dimension, Appearance & & Actions

This enormous bird is 66 to 94 centimeters (25.9 to 37 inches) in size. It evaluates in between 9 and a fifty percent and 12 extra pounds. Its outstanding wingspan steps from 5.8 to 8 feet! It is covered in plumes, has a lengthy beak and sharp talons. Its head and neck are lotion to brown. It transitions right into a grayish shade where it gets in touch with the body. The body plumes consist of variants of brownish with some black spots around the sides. The tail, as its name recommends, is white, and it is brief and formed like a wedge. The talons are big and rounded, the beak is connected and both are yellow. One talon, the hallux claw, is bigger than the remainder and is made use of for murder. The wings are complete and strong.

These eagles are extremely territorial. They will certainly involve with various other birds to secure their area which can be over 40 miles. They fly at broadband. These diurnal birds normally roost in sets. They can be rather singing, specifically throughout the reproducing period. Their phone calls contain 15 to 30 articulations in a series. A team of eagles is called a convocation.

White-Tailed Eagle in flight
The White- Tailed Eagle’s area can vary regarding 70km, and it is usually situated around bodies of water.

White- tailed Eagle Movement Pattern & & Timing

Although the white- tailed eagle is taken into consideration a migratory bird, not every one of them move. The populace in the north and eastern varieties (Russia and Asia) head southwest when the reproducing period mores than. The European residents are instead less active and favor to sit tight in the very same area.


White- tailed eagles are predators. Their diet is composed just of meat. They are scavengers and are recognized to take food from various other animals. Throughout the wintertime, they eat around 200 to 300 grams of food daily. Within the reproducing period, they require extra food and eat in between 500 and 600 grams in a day.

What does a White- tailed eagle eat?

It consumes a wealth of animals, consisting of a much of fish. It consumes various other birds such as ducks, seagulls, coots, and partridges. It additionally consumes little animals like muskrats, hares, and susliks (a species of ground squirrel). It preys on carrion, which is the rotting flesh of animals. The white- tailed eagle consumes big quantities of carrion throughout the wintertime.

Predators, Threats & &Conservation Status

The white- tailed eagle is a pinnacle killer, without all-natural predators of its very own. The only dangers it deals with are from humans. Disruptions from humans and egg accumulating are the present significant dangers. Unexpected poisoning from chemicals is additionally an issue. Logging, deterioration of marshes, and contamination trigger additional injury to this species also. In numerous locations, a deliberate re- intro of the species has actually been happening. It appears to be assisting where populaces have actually decreased in the past.

The white- tailed eagle’s conservation status on the IUCN Red Listing is of least concern. It is noted in CITES Appendix I.

What consumes the White- tailed Eagle?

Absolutely nothing is recognized to eat the white- tailed eagle.

Recreation, Youthful & & Molting

The reproducing period for white- tailed eagles occurs from January to July in the south, and from April to September in the north. This species is virginal. They mate forever and stay with each other in sets. Throughout courtship, the male and the female will certainly take part in airborne screens commonly interlacing their talons and coming down in a spiral. They will certainly additionally contact us to each various other noisally. They consistently reproduce in the very same area time and again. They recycle nests for generations. Actually, there was a nest in Iceland that was made use of back to back for over 150 years.

The female will certainly lay in between one and 3 eggs. The typical clutch dimension is 2 eggs. It takes 38 to 42 days for the eggs to hatch out. The infants, called eaglets, require a lot of supporting till they are old sufficient to be by themselves. Both moms and dads offer take care of their young. They have the ability to leave the nest and fledge 70 to 80 days after hatching out. Concerning a month or more after recently established, they are taken into consideration to be independent. They initially molt when they are one years of age, from May to November.

The typical life expectancy for this bird is 20 to 25 years. One person in bondage surpassed the regular life expectancy, living to 42 years of ages.

White-Tailed Eagle Chick
The White- Tailed Eagle friends forever, and you can locate its nests in trees and on high cliffs.xpixel/Shutterstock. com

White- tailed Eagle Populace

According to IUCN, the complete approximated populace is in between 20,000 and 49,999. Europe has 50 to 70% of the international populace. About 17,900 to 24,500 grownups inhabit Europe. The species was when extinct in the UK yet has actually because been efficiently reestablished. The populace is not badly fragmented and the pattern is boosting. They are classified as least concern.


  1. EOL, Available here: https://eol.org/pages/45511400
  2. IUCN Red List, Available here: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22695137/181768148
  3. Britannica, Available here: https://www.britannica.com/animal/eagle-bird#ref1002852
  4. The Wildlife Trusts, Available here: https://www.wildlifetrusts.org/wildlife-explorer/birds/birds-prey/white-tailed-eagle
  5. Thai National Parks, Available here: https://www.thainationalparks.com/species/white-tailed-eagle

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