White Rhinoceros

White Rhinoceros Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Ceratotherium simum
White Rhinoceros Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black
45-50 years
Top speed
30 mph
1,440-3,600kg (3,168-7,920lbs)
White Rhinoceros Distribition

” The biggest of all rhinocerous species”

Understood for its square top lip, big 2 horns, and also unbelievable dimension, the white rhinocerous when strolled throughout southerly and also north Africa.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the white rhinocerous populace diminished to as couple of as 50 people. Today, the white rhinocerous reveals both the pledge of preservation for the species, and also the unbelievable hazards still encountering it. While the Southern white rhinocerous has actually seen its populace rebound so highly that it’s no more threatened, the Northern white rhinocerous is currently functionally vanished with simply 2 ladies continuing to be.

Extraordinary White Rhinocerous Realities!

  • Exceptionally quick billing rate: The white rhinocerous’s full throttle can surpass 30 miles per hr (48 km/h)!
  • Lately vanished subspecies: In 2018, the Northern white rhinocerous was proclaimed functionally vanished when the last male died.
  • Document dimension horns: White rhinocerous horns can rise to 150 centimeters (59 inches)!

White Rhinocerous Scientific Name

The white rhinocerous’s scientific name is Ceratotherium simun Words “Ceratotherium” is stemmed from the Greek words for “horn” and also “monster” while “simun” is for Greek for level nose.

As their trademark function, the scientific name of every rhinocerous species referrals their “horn.” Nevertheless, the white rhinocerous is the only species whose scientific name referrals a level nose.

White Rhinocerous Appearance

If you’re taking a look at the rhinocerous images on this web page, you have actually seen the species is really extra grey.

That’s since the name “white rhinocerous” really originates from a mistranslation! Dutch inhabitants in South Africa started calling the species the “weit” rhinocerous, which is the Afrikaans word for “broad.” The summary related to the white rhinocerous’s one-of-a-kind square mouth.

Nevertheless, English inhabitants mistranslated the name, rather calling the species the “white rhinocerous!”

When contrasting white rhinocerouses to the various other species that lives throughout Africa– the black rhinocerous– the white rhinocerous’s mouth is square while black rhinocerouses have an even more triangular mouth.

The white rhinocerous has a variety of distinctive physical features such as the big “bulge” throughout its back. This bulge is a muscular tissue mass that’s developed to sustain the species large head. An additional vital specifying function of white rhinocerouses is their dimension, which is the biggest amongst rhinocerous species.

White Rhino Profile View
A White Rhinocerous

White Rhinocerous Weight

The white rhinocerous can evaluate approximately 3,600 kg (7,920 extra pounds), making it the 2nd biggest land animal in the world after the elephant!

White rhinocerouses are big from birth, a child just recently birthed at the San Diego Zoo went beyond the dimension of a totally expanded grown-up human simply 19 days after birth when it evaluated in at 193 extra pounds (87 kg).

Men can expand dramatically bigger than ladies, getting to that leading weight of almost 4 tonnes. Women are normally dramatically smaller sized, evaluating on ordinary concerning 3/4 the weight of a man when totally expanded.

White Rhinocerous Full Throttle

For such a big species, the white rhinocerous has unbelievable velocity and also can get to rates that surpass 30 miles per hr (concerning 48 kilometers per hr).

For contrast, the globe’s fastest tape-recorded human was Usain Screw, that struck 27 miles per hr! The full throttle of white rhinocerouses likewise goes beyond that of various other big African land creatures such as elephants or hippos.

Why do rhinocerouses bill? The species has actually developed outstanding hearing and also scent, yet its vision is supposedly really inadequate and also near-sighted. Billing permits rhinocerouses to protect themselves versus strange items. It can be really usual from mommies protecting calf bones, and also men protecting their area.

White Rhinocerous horn

White rhinocerous horn can expand to the biggest dimensions amongst all rhinocerous species. In a 2006 research, Dr. Nico van Stein determined a 150 centimeters (59 inch) white rhinocerous horn!

The bigger of the white rhinocerous’s 2 horns generally has to do with 90 centimeters (35 inches) in size while the 2nd horn is smaller sized and also generally does not surpass 60 centimeters (24 inches).

Unlike various other species whose horns or horns are connected to their head, rhinocerous horns are made from keratin, a product you’ll likewise locate in your finger nails! This likewise implies that if rhinocerous horns are removed (without reducing right into their head) they can expand back within concerning 3 years.

Northern vs. Southern White Rhinocerous

There are 2 subspecies of white rhinocerous, the Northern and also Southern. The major distinction in between both is dimension. North white rhinocerouses are smaller sized. Their head, horn, size, and also size are all smaller sized than southerly white rhinocerouses. Generally, north white rhinocerouses are 2/3 the weight of totally expanded southerly white rhinocerouses.

Additionally, Northern white rhinocerouses have a flatter back, doing not have the really obvious “bulge” located on many Southerly white rhinocerouses.

White Rhinocerous Environment

White rhinocerouses are among 2 rhinocerous species that live throughout Africa. Their liked environment is big meadows, though significantly their populace is focused in all-natural books where they can be safeguarded.

The North white rhinoceros variety when covered throughout South Sudan, the Autonomous Republic of the Congo, the Main African Republic, and also Uganda. Nevertheless, poaching considerably decreased the series of Northern White Rhinocerouses. Today, Northern white rhinocerouses are vanished in the wild in addition to both continuing to be ladies that have actually been presented right into Ol Pajeta Conservancy in Kenya.

The Southern white rhinoceros traditionally varied from South Africa, to Bostwanna, Namibia, Zimbabwe and also various other nearby nations. Today, their populace is focused at a variety of national forests such as Kruger national forest, where an approximated 8,000 to 9,000 white rhinocerouses stay in a solitary nature maintain.

White Rhinocerous Populace– The Number Of White Rhinos Are Left?

Since 2019, it is approximated that have to do with 18,000 white rhinocerouses staying in the wild. In the very early 20th century the white rhinocerous populace phoned number as couple of as 50 people so this rebound has actually been an amazing preservation success tale. Nevertheless, white rhinocerouses today continue to be under hazard.

Accurate price quotes of White rhinocerous populaces are hard due to high prices of poaching. It is approximated that greater than 80% of the African rhinocerous populace stays in South Africa, and also as you can see from the graph below, poaching has actually dramatically intensified in recent times:

South African Poaching Fatalities By Year 2007 to 2018

2007 13
2008 83
2009 122
2010 333
2011 448
2012 668
2013 1,004
2014 1,215
2015 1,175
2016 1,054
2017 1,028
2018 769

While the Southern white rhinocerous has actually seen its populace rebound, the Northern white rhinocerous is a various tale. Its populaces never ever recoiled from very early 20th century poaching and also in March 2018 the last making it through male white rhinocerous passed away, leaving a populace of simply 2 ladies continuing to be.

White Rhinocerous Predators

As the biggest of the rhinocerous species white rhinocerouses deal with couple ofpredators As teens they deal with hazards from lions, crocodiles, and also various other bigger predators like huge cats, hyenas, and also wild dogs.

When expanded to complete dimension, white rhinocerouses deal with couple of hazards frompredators The species not just has lengthy horns and also high full throttle, yet likewise has thick skin that functions as a kind of “all-natural body shield.” This supplies an extra kind of security from bigger predators like lions.

The leading killer of rhinocerouses stays human beings. Poaching fatalities in South Africa got to an optimal of 1,215 rhinocerouses in 2014 and also have actually because dropped, yet continue to be considerably greater than last years. A lot of rhinocerouses survive on either personal books or all-natural parks where they’re proactively safeguarded by armed guards and also safety.

White Rhinocerous Diet

White Rhinos survive on substantial savannahs that are best matched to their diet of lawns. What white rhinocerouses consume varies from the various other African rhinocerous species, the black rhinocerous. While black rhinocerouses have a triangular designed mouth that permits them to consume plant life from trees and also shrubs, white rhinocerouses maintain their grazing to the ground. The distinguishing characteristic that offered white rhinocerouses their name– their broad, made even designed mouth– is a transformative adaption to enable them to forage unbelievable quantities of yard every day.

Because of their large dimension, white rhinocerouses need to take in greater than 120 extra pounds of yard every day!

White Rhinocerous Recreation and also Life Process

White rhinocerouses have among the lengthiest pregnancy durations of all animal species at concerning 500 days. This lengthy pregnancy duration complies with a pattern where bigger animal species have longer advancement durations prior to birth.

  • African Elephant: 645 days
  • White Rhinocerous: 500 days
  • Giraffe: 430 days
  • Human 270 days
  • Bear (grizzly): 215 days

After delivering, white rhinocerouses generally do not deliver once again for an extra 3 to 4 years. This lengthy pregnancy duration and also expanded size in between birthing brand-new calf bones has actually made repopulating rhinoceroses a specifically tough trouble.

The length of time do white rhinocerouses live? The earliest white rhinocerous in bondage passed away on November 14, 2018 at the age of 55. Life span in the wild can get to half a century, however as rhinocerouses deal with skin and also digestion system conditions as they age.

White Rhinos in Zoos

Since December 2018, there were 302 zoos with 1,037 rhinocerouses. The white rhinocerous is one of the most usual rhinocerous located in zoos, with a populace of 671 white rhinocerouses throughout the globe.

Select zoos where you can see a white rhinocerous face to face!

  • Maryland Zoo: A white rhinocerous called Stubby.
  • San Diego Zoo: Greater than 90 calf bones birthed in this zoo alone!
  • Nashville Zoo: Since February 2019, 4 ladies and also one man.
  • Indianapolis Zoo: White rhinocerouses belong to their levels exhibit.

White Rhinocerous Realities

  • What is a team of rhinocerouses called?
    • Teams of are called throngs. A team of camels is a campers. As well as the one-of-a-kind name for a team of rhinoceroses is a “accident!”
  • The last male Norther white rhinocerous has actually died
    • The last male Northern white rhinoceros passed away in bondage at a sunroom it had actually been presented right into in Kenya on March 19, 2018. The loss of the last male makes North white rhinoceroses functionally vanished, although 2 ladies continue to be.
  • Armed safety to secure the last North white rhinocerouses
    • The last 2 continuing to be women North white rhinoceroses are safeguarded all the time by armed safety.
  • A brand-new rhinocerous species?
    • The white rhinoceros can really be 2 various species! A current research from 2010 wrapped up that the North white rhinocerous was really a 6th rhinocerous species as opposed to being a subspecies of white rhinocerous. This research isn’t globally approved, yet makes the death of the last male Northern white rhinocerous specifically saddening.
  • The Southern white rhinocerous is just one of just 2 rhinocerous species that’s not seriously threatened
    • Many thanks to populaces that have actually recoiled to a projected 18,000 people, the white rhinocerous today is detailed as “Near Endangered.” The Indian rhinocerous is detailed as “Susceptible” while the 3 various other rhinocerous species (black, Javan, and also Sumatran) are all presently seriously threatened.
  • The white rhinocerous is thought about among the “African Big 5.”

Often Asked Concerns (Frequently Asked Questions)

Are white rhinocerouses endagered?

As a species, the white rhinocerous is no more threatened. Today its standing is detailed as ‘Near Endangered.’ This preservation standing of the white rhinocerous no more being threatened results from populaces raising. Today, greater than 2/3 of rhinocerouses throughout the globe are white rhinocerouses. Nevertheless, while the species all at once is no more threatened, the Northern white rhinocerous subspecies is detailed as “Seriously threatened.” With the last male Northern white rhinocerous having actually died in 2018, the species is currently functionally vanished.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals

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