Western Hognose Snake

Primarily solitary, these snakes only communicate with one another during breeding season.
Western Hognose Snake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Heteredon nasicus
Western Hognose Snake Physical Characteristics
Grey, Yellow, Black, Tan, Dark Brown
10-20 years (wild), 15-20 years (captivity)
Western Hognose Snake Distribition

The western hognose snake is a qualified star that will certainly change from expanding like a cobra to considerably surrendering despite predators, yet they’re really afraid to attack.

That’s an apparent benefit when searching for a pet snake– yet reptile fanatics are additionally attracted to the selection of shades to select from, this snake’s moderate individuality, and their adorably upturned noses. In the wild, they cover a vast series of environments covering a lot of The United States and Canada– and they offer an important function in regulating neighborhood amphibian populaces. They’re the ideal instance of just how snakes can favorably affect both their environment and human passions.

Western Hognose Snake Remarkable realities

  • Though they might look a whole lot like their equivalent beyond of the USA, the life expectancy of a western hognose snake is dramatically longer than that of an eastern hognose snake.
  • The nose of the hognose is really a distinctive range, and these snakes utilize it to forage and dig via sand, vegetation, and dust.
  • There are approximately 60 western hognose morphs of differing rareness. Remarkable and uncommon morphs like the incredibly frozen or the coral can include price in the hundreds of bucks.
  • Mostly singular, these snakes just connect with each other throughout reproducing period. Females attraction males to their area throughout reproducing period by producing chemical hormonal agents.

Where To Locate Western Hognose Snake

Though their name would certainly recommend they inhabit the American coastline, the series of western hognose environments really reduces straight via the center of the continent. States with a remarkable western hognose populace consist of South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, and West Virginia. To the north, western hognose populaces proceed right into the Canadian districts of Saskatchewan, Alberta, and Manitoba– yet populace degrees are vulnerable in all 3 districts. This is additionally the factor where icy climate comes to be uncontrollable for these chilly- blooded reptiles. The southernmost area western hognose environments encompass is north main Mexico.

These snakes are rather versatile to various environments– yet whether they’re inhabiting a floodplain, the borders of a desert, an open meadow, or human farmlands, the greatest need for the species hangs dirt. The snubbed nose of this snake is a beneficial property for foraging for food, and it can additionally assist them dig burrows for nesting, concealing, and resting. Whatever area they occupy within the species’ bigger array, their seasonal behaviors are mainly determined by the ambient temperature level. Several in the north reaches will certainly brumate without a dish for 3 or 4 months at once to endure the rough winter times. The determines of the reproducing period are likewise affected by environment and climate condition.

Western Hognose Snake Scientific name

The etymology behind an animal’s scientific name can commonly inform a complicated tale of traditionally transforming calling conventions and scholastic national politics, yet the scientific name for the western hognose is really fairly simple. This snake bears the name Heteredon nasicus Heteredon is a recommendation to the genus that incorporates the various species of North American hognose. It converts essentially right into English as “various tooth”– a recommendation to the unusual positioning of these snakes’ fangs behind their mouths. Nasicus is originated from the Latin word for huge nose, describing both the dimension and the uncommon form of this snake’s nose.

Western Hognose Snake Populace & & Conservation Status

The western hognose is still prolifically spread out throughout much of The United States and Canada, yet populaces in some states are really feeling the influence of human treatment and environment modification. Populace degrees are regarded as seriously threatened in Iowa, and they suffer in Illinois and Montana in addition to the Canadian districts of Manitoba and Alberta.

Exactly How To Determine Western Hognose Snake: Appearance and Summary

The western hognose’s most distinct factor of recognition is right there in the name. All hognose species have an upturned range at the idea of their nose that assists them dig via sand and loosened dirt. However if you’re searching for recognition in between a western hognose and an additional hognose species, the dimension of western hognose snakes is a little smaller sized than those of the eastern species. The western hognose’s dimension is strengthened by its thick body, and it’s most typically grey or tan with approximately 3 loads darker smudges spread over its back. The stomach of a western hognose is mainly black. While the pigmentation of western hognoses in the wild is matched to the levels and valleys they normally inhabit, the loads of morphs readily available prolong right into a significant range of intense shades not practical for camouflage anywhere.

  • An upturned range at the idea of the nose that makes their nose appearance snubbed
  • About 3 feet in size with males being a little smaller sized than females
  • Brownish or tan body with 35 to 40 darker smudges as camouflage. Pigmentation can differ depending upon the morph
  • Tummy is virtually completely black

Western Hognose Snake Photos

Western Hognose snakes have an an upturned scale at the tip of their nose that helps them dig through sand and loose soil.
Western Hognose snakes have an upturned range at the idea of their nose that assists them dig via sand and loosened dirt.Bryn Thomas/Shutterstock. com

Closeup of a western hognose snake, Heteroden nasicus, on old wood of a tree. The snake has a brown or tan body with 35 to 40 darker splotches as camouflage.
C loseup of a western hognose snake, Heteroden nasicus, on old timber of a tree. The snake has a brownish or tan body with 35 to 40 darker smudges as camouflage.iStock.com/ chas53

The Western Hognose Snake has a thick body and is slightly smaller than the Eastern Hognose.
The Western Hognose Snake has a thick body and is a little smaller sized than the Eastern Hognose.iStock.com/ Iuliia Morozova

Western Hognose Snake Poison: Exactly How Harmful Are They?

This snake has a moderate poison, yet humans aren’t in any type of threat from it. Rather, this poison is made use of to immobilize the popular target of the western hognose: poisonous substance toads. In lots of circumstances, these will certainly comprise the mass of a hognose snake’s diet. Not just is the snake’s poison especially efficient on the amphibians they victimize, yet the snake is additionally among a couple of predators unsusceptible to the toxic substance that these amphibians create. Also if they can poisoning humans, attacks would certainly be uncommon. Though they aren’t constantly pleasant, the realities show among these snakes is even more most likely to stance, take off, or surrender than to attack.

Western Hognose Snake Actions and Humans

Correct recognition of western hognose snakes is necessary since they have a crucial function to play in lots of human- surrounding communities. By delighting in reptile eggs, birds, and particularly toads and frogs, they maintain populace degrees in check. As pets, hognose snakes are accommodating reptiles that are not likely to blast humans and need little in the method of significant treatment once they’re offered a correct residence.

As is constantly the situation with pet snakes, storage tank dimension is necessary. 18 ″ x 18 ″ x 24 ″ need to suffice for a western hognose snake, though you’ll intend to change for a larger storage tank dimension if you’re dealing with greater than one. Western hognoses can cohabit, yet it’s suggested that you feed them independently to prevent territorial actions.


  1. Everything Reptiles, Available here: https://www.everythingreptiles.com/western-hognose-snake/
  2. Plains Hognose Snake, Available here: https://carpenternaturecenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Hognose-Natural-History.pdf
  3. Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Available here: https://www.desertmuseum.org/books/nhsd_hognose_snake.php
  4. Florida Museum, Available here: https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/florida-snake-id/snake/eastern-hog-nosed-snake/
  5. ITIS, Available here: https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=174155#null
  6. Happy Serpent, Available here: https://happyserpent.com/snake-information/hognose-snake-morphs/
  7. Illinois Natural History Survey, Available here: https://www.inhs.illinois.edu/collections/herpetology/data/ilspecies/he_nasicus/#:~:text=Etymology%3A%20Heterodon%20%2D%20heteros%20(Greek,Girard%2C%201852.

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