Western Diamondback Rattlesnake

They replace their fangs 2-4 times per year!
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Crotalus atrox
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake Physical Characteristics
Brown, Fawn, Tan
15-20 Years
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake Distribition

Western diamondback rattlesnakes are a symbol of the west.

Included in several films, the noise of a rattlesnake is distinct. It’s likewise troubling if you matured in a location where you share nature with them. They’re lengthy and hefty- bodied poisonous snakes, the 2nd- lengthiest in The United States and Canada. These snakes are reclusive and prevent individuals whatsoever they can, however attacks prevail due to the fact that they prevail in their region.

4 Outstanding Truths Concerning Western Diamondback Rattlesnakes

  • They are the 2nd- lengthiest poisonous snake in The United States and Canada; just the eastern diamondback rattlesnake is the lengthiest.
  • You can not count their age by their rattles; not just do they damage, however western diamondback rattlesnakes can drop greater than as soon as annually.
  • They can regrow their fangs numerous times annually.
  • Males expand a lot bigger than females and defend the right to mate with responsive females.

Where to Locate Western Diamondback Rattlesnakes

Western diamondback rattlesnakes live in the southwestern USA and north Mexico. They choose staying in dry desert and semi- desert problems; they are typically discovered concealing under plants or various other cover things, such as rocks, branches, and particles.

Some participants of this species move one to 2 miles to and from public dens in the springtime and loss. In the springtime, males typically defend supremacy and reproduction legal rights. Nonetheless, the snakes do not typically harm each other throughout these outstanding screens.

Like several vipers, western diamondback rattlesnakes are birthed as opposed to hatched out. Concerning 165 days after breeding, the female brings to life 10- 20 children, called neonates. Within a number of hrs, they avoid by themselves to discover sanctuary and food. Many neonates do not endure their initial year due to the fact that they’re greatly preyed upon by various other species.

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake: Scientific Name

Their scientific name, Crotalus atrox, suggests “dreadful rattle.” Crotalus comes from Greek and suggests rattle, while atrox is the Latin favor our English origin of “godawful.”

Western diamondback rattlesnakes become part of the Viperidae family; and are pit vipers from the Crotalinae subfamily. They have numerous usual names, consisting of coon tail, buzz tail, and rattler.

Kinds Of Diamondback Rattlesnake

Diamondback rattlesnakes obtain their name from their ruby- designed markings and tail rattle. They live in southerly sections of the USA and north Mexico.

  • Western Diamondback Rattlesnake ( Crotalus atrox) takes place in the southwest USA and north Mexico.
  • Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus) resides in the southeast USA largely Florida and Alabama.
  • Red Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus ruber) has actually 3 acknowledged subspecies, Cedros Island red ruby rattlesnake (C. r. exsul), San Lucan red ruby rattlesnake (C. r. lucasensis), and the red ruby rattlesnake (C. r. ruber). They live in the southwestern edge of The golden state southern to the pointer of Baja The golden state, and a couple of Gulf and Pacific islands near the shore.

Populace and Conservation Status of Western Diamondback Rattlesnakes

Western diamondbacks aren’t endangered They flourish in the desert southwest and have a steady populace. In 2007, the IUCN evaluated them for addition on IUCN the Redlist and provided them as Least Concern.

Nonetheless, rattlesnake summaries still take place in some locations where individuals collect and eliminate as several as feasible. This regrettable technique tosses neighborhood environments out of equilibrium with a significant loss of several predators at once.

These snakes encounter numerous risks, consisting of environment damage and predation. Several animals take advantage of adolescent and grown-up western diamondback rattlesnakes, consisting of hawks, roadrunners, wild hogs, owls, king snakes, Texas indigo snakes (professional rattlesnake seekers), and coachwhip snakes.

Appearance and Summary: Determining the Western Diamondback Rattlesnake

These thick- bodied rattlesnakes gauge concerning 2 feet long when they’re birthed. Western diamondback rattlesnakes typically get to 4 feet long, however people 5 and 6 feet long take place sometimes. The lengthiest on document was 7 feet long. They’re fairly hefty and normally evaluate in between 3 and 6 extra pounds; really hefty people can evaluate 15 extra pounds.

The Majority Of them have a tan to a grayish history shade, however some are pinkish, red, or orange. Over their base shade, darker spots prolong down the size of their back. These begin rather rectangle-shaped and end up being ruby- formed additionally down the back.

They have a red stripe running diagonally down their head, beginning simply listed below their eye. Western diamondback rattlesnakes have elliptical exerciser students and a range that rests over the top of their eyes. This range exists on several viper species and offers to the “mad expression” that lots of people feel they display.

Western diamondback rattlesnakes have actually highly keeled ranges that make them look boring as opposed to glossy. They have big, spade- designed heads that are two times the size of their neck, and their tails have rotating black and white or grey bands that finish in rattles.

coiled western diamondback rattlesnake
These snakes coil up and rattle their tails to inhibitpredatorsAudrey Snider- Bell/Shutterstock. com

Western Diamondback Rattlesnake: Images and Video Clips

Rattlesnakes have loreal pits in between their nostril and eyes. They are warmth- noticing body organs that assist them discover food.Audrey Snider- Bell/Shutterstock. com

Western diamondback rattlesnake striking
Rattlers have retracting fangs that they change when they damage.Audrey Snider- Bell/Shutterstock. com

western diamondback eating mouse
Rattlesnakes are essential to rodent control.Audrey Snider- Bell/Shutterstock. com

Poison: Exactly How Harmful are Western Diamondback Rattlesnakes

Similar to various other rattlesnake species, western diamondbacks just strike for protection and prospective food. Laid off, these are reclusive animals that prevent individuals. Bites occur due to the fact that it really felt endangered, or that individual annoyed it.

The poison of many diamondback rattlesnake species has a tendency to be much less hazardous than that of various other rattlesnake species. Nonetheless, they can infuse big quantities right into sufferers, making their attacks fairly harmful.

According to DovMed, western diamondback rattlesnake poison is “hemotoxic, myotoxic, and cytotoxic, impacting the blood and heart system and the body muscle mass. ” Their poison might have parts that assist them absorb their food, so they choose conserving poison for target animals.

Western Diamondback Rattlesnakes: Habits and Humans

These snakes’ diet consists of tiny animals, consisting of mice, woodrats, rabbits, squirrels, and sometimes birds and lizards. They’re largely nighttime and utilize warmth- noticing pits in between their nostrils and eyes to find target. Throughout the cooler springtime months, they’re energetic more frequently throughout the day, however they’re just energetic in the evening throughout the summer season. To quest, western diamondback rattlesnakes put themselves right into a great hiding area and await their dish ahead to them. A 1976 research study that followed their consuming practices showed that the mass of their diet is tiny animals.

Western diamondback snakes are not hostile because they will not be chasing you down. Nonetheless, they stand their ground when collared– the unique rattle indicating their annoyance with your existence. They do not constantly rattle a caution. Often they remain peaceful and attempt to maintain concealed. They’re a little feistier than various other snakes and a lot more happy to attack. Normally, they enjoy to avoid you if you retreat gradually to provide area.


  1. Food Habits of the Western Diamondback Rattlesnake in Texas, Available here: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3669867
  2. Nevada Dept. of Wildlife, Available here: https://www.ndow.org/species/western-diamondback-rattlesnake/
  3. Western Diamondback Rattlesnake Bite | DovMed, Available here: https://www.dovemed.com/diseases-conditions/western-diamondback-rattlesnake-bite/
  4. Reptile Database, Available here: https://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Crotalus&species=atrox

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