Wels Catfish

The wels catfish is among the largest freshwater fish in the world.
Wels Catfish Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Silurus glanis
Wels Catfish Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, White, Green
up to 80 years
Up to 500 lbs
Wels Catfish Distribition

The wels catfish is amongst the titans of the fresh water globe.

In spite of their dimension, this large leviathan is or else much like the majority of catfish. They prowl around all-time low of freshwater rivers and lakes searching for food to eat. Popular in both business and entertainment angling, they are occasionally captured by individuals for the preference of their meat.

4 Wels Catfish Realities

  • The usual names wels shows up ahead from old Germanic. It can be mapped back also further to an old European acceptation sheatfish (the choice name for this sort of catfish).
  • The wels catfish is assumed be incredibly conscious chemical signals in the water. It additionally has the capability to discover great activities of water from close-by victim.
  • The wels catfish stays in the air conditioning fish ponds of the Chernobyl Nuclear Reactor. While these fish enlarge than anywhere else, it’s not due to the fact that they’re altered from the Chernobyl radiation. It’s due to the fact that they are enabled to completely expand without being interrupted by humans. In spite of the radiation, the Chernobyl populaces seem healthy and balanced and flourishing.
  • Uncommon strikes on humans have actually been reported, however nobody has actually shed their life from this species.

Wels Catfish Classification and Scientific Name

The scientific name of the wels catfish is Silurus glanis. This name is believed to stem from an old Greek word suggesting a huge river fish. Wels catfish belongs a genus that additionally consists of various other large species, consisting of the Amur catfish and Aristotle’s catfish.

Wels Catfish Appearance

One of the most popular feature of the wels catfish is its massive dimension. This titan of the river can rise to 10 feet long and consider a document 500 extra pounds. This would certainly make it the second biggest fresh water fish in all of Europe behind the beluga sturgeon. Yet the majority of complete- expanded samplings are a lot more like 4 to 6 feet long and consider 200 extra pounds.

The wels catfish is characterized by an exceptionally lengthy, range- much less body with squashed tail, broad mouth, a remarkably lengthy rectal fin leaving the tummy, and a sort of varicolored grey or green brownish skin (albino samplings have actually been reported also). They have 2 lengthy barbels (or “hairs”) on the top jaw and 4 much shorter bar bels on the reduced jaw; these aid the fish discover their method the water and look for food things in the sand.

wels catfish with a fish in its mouth
Wels catfish eat on snails, worms, shellfishes, insects, fish, and birds.Rostislav Stefanek/Shutterstock. com

Wels Catfish Distribution, Populace, and Environment

Wels catfish is belonging to the freshwater rivers and lakes of Europe and Asia. This species was presented right into Western Europe as a sporting activity fish and also as much eastern as China. It is additionally located near seaside waters of the Baltic, Black, and Caspian Seas. According to the IUCN Red Checklist, they are thought about to be a species of least concern. Nonetheless, this masks broad local distinctions in populace numbers. In some locations it seems intimidated by overfishing and environment modifications. Reduced hereditary variety is additionally adding to the trouble. Regrettably, exact populace numbers are not offered.

Wels Catfish Predators and Target

This fish rests near the top of the food cycle. It preys on a wide range of various animals and consequently has couple ofpredators Like lots of catfish, it looks along all-time low of the water or ambushes prey in an unexpected strike.

What consumes the wels catfish?

Because of their massive dimension, a complete- expanded wels catfish have couple of all-natural predators in the wild. Humans have to do with the only species to quest them. North pike will certainly eat juveniles also.

What does the wels catfish eat?

A complete- expanded wels catfish will certainly eat snails, worms, shellfishes, water insects, and smaller sized fish. They are also understood to eat ducks, crayfish, frogs, rats, and snakes also, also jumping out of the water to eat an unwary animal. The suction pressure of their mouths assists them catch victim in the water. Youthful catfish fry, by comparison, primarily eat plankton throughout the initial year of life.

Wels Catfish Recreation and Life-span

Regrettably, there is a whole lot we still do not comprehend regarding the recreation and courtship habits of the wels catfish. The generating period appears to happen in between May and July of yearly. Like lots of various other sorts of catfish, the male will certainly develop a nest in the sand where the female will certainly lay its eggs. It’s approximated that the female can lay some 30,000 eggs per every kg (2.2 extra pounds) of body weight. The male will certainly after that launch his sperm right into the water for the function of feeding them. Throughout the 3 to 10 day gestation duration, the male will certainly stand guard over the eggs.

After hatching out, the fry will certainly eat plankton and expand promptly. They can quickly rise to 10 extra pounds in the initial year alone. The male will certainly get to sex-related maturation in regarding 3 years, whereas the female can take 4 years rather. The document life expectancy in the wild is understood to be 80 years, however 20 to thirty years is a much more common age of fatality due partially to conditions and searching.

Wels Catfish in Angling and Food Preparation

The wels catfish is valued in some circles as a vital video game fish for specialist seekers that have the correct tools to draw in this leviathan. The boneless breast meat is reduced in fat and mostly thought about to be a special.


  1. , Available here: https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Silurus_glanis/
  2. (1970) https://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/greatlakes/FactSheet.aspx?Species_ID=3651&Potential=Y&Type=2 Jump to top

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