Wax Moth

The Wax Moth larvae are more dangerous than the adult.
Wax Moth Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Galleria mellonella
Wax Moth Physical Characteristics
Grey, White
12-21 days
169 mg
Wax Moth Distribition

The Wax Moth has 2 various species; the Greater Wax Moth and the Lesser Wax Moth Both the species, victimize hives and eat beeswax. They are rather harmful and can quickly eat with combs to feed on wax, plant pollen, larval honey bees’ remains, honey bee cocoon silk, and also confined honey bee feces. However they are helpful to the setting since they can remove a dead bee hive swarm.

Species, Kind, and Scientific name

Wax Moths are Achroia, coming from the family Pyralidae, and originate from the order, Lepidoptera There are just 2 well-known species, referred to as:

  • Shopping center mellonella
  • Achroia grisella

These moths are originally white in shade however slowly end up being greyish brownish as they become a grownup. You can identify them prowling in the contaminations of a honey bee comb. Although they like to eat the unrefined wax, they can likewise sometimes eat the contaminations like feces and the remains of the dead larvae of honey bees. Furthermore, they are located practically anywhere in the world. Several refer to it as helpful for the Planet’s setting however a little excessive of their handling can trigger damages to the bee hive.


Both various species of the Wax Moth vary in their physical appearance. The Greater Wax Moth is 20 mm long, having a light brownish or grey body as grownups. On the other hand, the Lesser Wax Moth is smaller sized, paler, and slimmer. They are just 13 mm in size and have a light yellow body.

A distinctive top quality regarding their body is the existence of their wings. The grey wings show up watercraft- formed when the Wax Moth is not in making use of the wings and they lay completely still, folded up in addition to their bodies. The wingspan is normally regarding 3 mm for the Greater Wax Moth Furthermore, the larvae of the Wax Moth are likewise referred to as wax worms and they are utilized as real-time lure in capturing fish.

The female can be distinguished from the male on the basis of an impression in the wings. On the other hand, the area is right in males.

wax moth
Wax moths victimize beehives and eat beeswax. They’re extremely harmful to hives.Ihor Hvozdetskyi/Shutterstock. com

The eggs and larvae are rather similar. They are pink in shade and expand larvae that are 28 mm long. They can take a trip approximately 50 mm and mark the passages with a smooth internet. A female wax moth can lay 300 to 600 eggs in one reproductive cycle.

At the larval phase, the Wax Moth is usually incorrect for one more insect’s larvae referred to as the tiny hive beetle. However the trick to determining them is with their thoracic legs. They consist of 3 collections of thoracic legs behind the body and extra collections of legs existing in the remainder of the body. The extra legs are not located in a tiny hive beetle.

One more insect referred to as the bee moth (Aphomia sociella) is likewise rather similar to the Wax Moth Its body is red- brownish in shade as grownups while its larvae are yellow in shade throughout their expanding stage. Its female species has a distinct top quality that conveniently distinguishes it from the remainder, lugging a dark area. However this bee moth is brought in to the bumble bee and the wasps’ species’ nests.

The actions of the Wax Moth depends upon the species too. The Lesser Wax Moth chooses singular time however the Greater Wax Moth takes a trip in the type of teams. They such as flying at evening and quickly infest a brand-new hive within mins.

Environment: Where to Locate Wax Moth

The Wax Moth is located around the globe, generally in Europe, The United States And Canada, Russia, and Turkey They are likewise existing in Australia and are fairly brand-new. However whichever nation they pick as their house, they think about staying in a beehive.

They are normally existing in the components of the hive where the bees can not access them. They call for reduced air flow, cozy temperature levels, and reduced light to expand and quickly spread out.

Its larvae can use up to 20 days to expand in a cozy environment however when the weather condition transforms chilly, the larvae can use up to as lengthy as 5 months to become grownups. Throughout this stage of development, the larvae live in the wood structures of the beehive. They delve the comb, eating off the wood framework till it has actually completely ended up being harmed. After that, they note their region by leaving a silk internet along the comb which integrates different combs right into one.

If there is a Wax Moth invasion that can leave a comb entirely damaged, you can identify it with the complying with indications;

  • The larvae can do even more damages than a grown-up Wax Moth.
  • Their populace normally climbs in deserted or damaged hives.
  • There will certainly be silk throughout the combs in the initial stage.
  • It will certainly be complied with by down payments of dark feces located within the hives.
  • Quickly, you will certainly identify particles and comb residues on the currently- dead beehive.


What does Wax Moth Eat?

The Wax Moth generally feeds on the unrefined wax in beehives. However it likewise delights in plant pollen, stays of larval honey bees, honey bee cocoon silk, and confined honey bee feces located on brood cells as component of its diet.

What Consumes Wax Moth?

The Wax Moth worms or the larvae are consumed by hedgehogs, salamanders, birds like the terrific honeyguide, ceratophrys frogs, and also newts. Taking into consideration the larvae do even more damages than the grownups, it is best to subject them to such animals. In specific nations, humans prepare and treat on the larva of these moths!

Just how much does the Wax Moth eat?

There is no basic price quote as they can swallow down the beehive till it is entirely damaged. They likewise spoil the honey, making it not fit to eat for humans.


The important things regarding these moths is that they can not be entirely gotten rid of however regular administration can minimize their populace to a wonderful level. The most effective remover is, naturally, the bees. However if you are seeking a various sort of avoidance, right here are a couple of checked approaches;

Apiary health

The primarily therapy for this sort of moth is to maintain a tidy and sanitary setting to avoid Wax Moths invasion. They like delighting in the contaminations of the beehive and they prosper upon it.

Keeping Combs

One more efficient technique to avoid a problem is to keep the honeycombs from the late fall and recycle them in the very early springtime period. This works just if the winter of the state has the appropriate temperature level. Some beekeepers also use bee swarms in addition to these hives that protect against the Wax Moth from taking cost and expanding.

Cold Temperature Levels

The temperature level of the ambience if maintained under -7 levels, can aid eliminate the wax moths within 4 to 5 hrs at optimum. This technique works for all life phases of the Wax Moth and can aid eliminate the moths entirely. Nevertheless, there might be a requirement for placing the beehive in a completely dry setting to avoid mold and mildew from happening and messing up the honey inside it.

Similar Insects

Look Into a few of the various other short articles we have regarding moths around the globe.



  1. National Bee Unit, Available here: https://nationalbeeunit.com/index.cfm?pageid=207
  2. University of Florida, Available here: https://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/MISC/BEES/Achroia_grisella.htm
  3. Bee Aware, Available here: https://beeaware.org.au/archive-pest/wax-moth-18/#ad-image-0
  4. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lesser_wax_moth

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