Water Buffalo

Water Buffalo Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Bubalus bubalis
Water Buffalo Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Tan
15-25 years
Top speed
30 mph
400-900kg (880-2,000lbs)
Water Buffalo Distribition

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” The water buffalo is referred to as the living tractor of the East.”

The water buffalo, likewise referred to as the Oriental buffalo, Asiatic water buffalo, or arni, is the 2nd biggest participant of the bovid family, and it is very closely pertaining to yak, bison, African buffalo, ox, and numerous other types of wild livestock. Its excellent stamina and high- fat web content milk have actually caused its domestication throughout the globe, and this, in mix with routine searching, has actually unfortunately created the wild water buffalo to come to been dangered Wild animals protects in Southeast Asia are the last sanctuary for wild herds, and the populace is thought to be in decrease.

Unbelievable Water Buffalo Truths!

  • While the residential water buffalo is an incredibly usual animal, its wild forefather is endangered with an approximated populace of much less than 4,000, just 2,500 of which are grownups.
  • Both significant subspecies of these buffalos were in fact trained for various factors; river water buffalo were trained for their milk, and the overload water buffalo was trained as a draft animal for its stamina.
  • The biggest taped horn size of a white water buffalo is 13 feet and 10 inches, longer than a Volkswagen Beetle!
  • These buffalos invest nearly the whole day immersed in water approximately their nostrils or indulging the mud like a pig.
  • The arni’s fetlock, a joint simply over the ankle joint, is very adaptable; this distinct adjustment permits the arni to openly stir in the thick, deep mud of river and overload bases.

Have a look at even more extraordinary truths concerning water buffaloes.

Water Buffalo Scientific Name

These buffalos are very closely pertaining to yak, bison, African buffalo, and numerous various other sorts of wild bovid. The scientific name for the residential water buffalo is Bubalus bubalis, and the scientific name of their wild equivalent is Bubalus arnee.

There are 2 subspecies within these buffalos, river, and overload, which have actually both been trained for various factors. The Asiatic water buffalo is a close relative of the African Cape buffalo. The term Bubalus is merely Latin for wild ox or antelope.

Water Buffalo Appearance and Habits

The wild arni is an enormous animal. It is almost 10 feet long and determines nearly 6 feet at the shoulder. They are largely dark grey or black in shade and have large in reverse bending horns. Males are bigger, commonly evaluating in at around 2,600 extra pounds, with complete- sized horns while females have proportionately smaller sized horns. The males consider concerning the like 2 and a fifty percent grizzly bears!

The typical size of a male’s horns is roughly 5 feet, however the lengthiest taped horn size is a staggered 13 feet 10 inches. In contrast, a Volkswagen Beetle is just 13 feet and 5 inches.

The residential buffalos can vary anywhere from simply under 1,000 extra pounds upwards to 2,000 extra pounds. Pigmentation stays largely the very same, however horn sizes and shape can differ considerably over several of the 74 various types of these tamed buffalos.

These buffalo invest a lot of the day immersed, occasionally approximately their nostrils, in the water of rivers or swamps. This offers 2 significant functions. Initially, these buffalo do not have ample gland to maintain themselves cool down via sweat dissipation along, so staying immersed permits them to manage their temperature level in the warm, moist Southeast Asia environment. Second of all, the water safeguards the buffalos from all good manners of attacking insects that likewise occupy the forest. To assist offer added insect defense, water buffalo utilize their horns to collect lower mud from the river or overload and toss it onto themselves in a procedure called wallowing.

These buffalos usually take a trip in teams called a herd. The herd includes around 5 to 8 grown-up females, called cows, and their particular calf bones. The herd might or might not have a male, or bull, accompanying them. Youthful bulls take a trip in all- male teams of similar age called bachelor herds, however older bulls will certainly take a trip alone. Herds of 30 to 40 buffalo are not unusual, however it is tough to distinguish in between residential, feral, and white water buffalo as a result of cost-free- variety farming usual in the area.

Water buffalos bathing in a sinkhole in Vietnam

Water Buffalo Environment

Residential water buffalo are animals that are discovered in Europe, Asia, Africa, Japan, Hawaii, and North and South America. Wild buffalos, nevertheless, just stay in tiny, secured locations of Southeast Asia in India, Nepal, Thailand, and Bhutan. It needs to be kept in mind that the present environment of these buffalos is not a sign of its real choice. Over- searching has actually caused their survival just in remote, tough to accessibility, or managed locations.

Thick forest or swampland supplies ample cover and water for the buffalo along with sufficient plants for nutritional functions. These buffalo nearly move as the weather condition periods change. The stormy period enables even more activity as water comes to be much more widespread.

Water Buffalo Diet

These buffalos are herbivores and forage for their food. They favor yards, however will certainly likewise eat fruit, bushes, bark, and various other vegetation. Buffalo, in locations that are without human call, will certainly feed outdoors at dawn and sunset while staying hidden throughout the best components of the day.

Feral buffalo, and those without ample defense from the sunlight, will certainly forage occasionally. This is likely as a result of the impact of inter- reproduction with their residential equivalents, and it likewise receives their even more livestock- like habits instead of their totally wild relatives.

Water Buffalo Predators and Risks

Both key hazards to the arni are humans and residential buffalo. Humans quest the buffalos for meat, their horns, and for ceremonial functions also. In addition, environment loss, driven by the cleaning of woodlands for farmland or property usage, is likewise human- created.

Interbreeding with the numerous sorts of tamed buffalo and livestock has actually led to a loss of the hereditary identification of the wild water buffalo. This very same close call with residential types subjects the buffalos to illness that has actually likewise ravaged the wild herds.

The primary predators of these buffalos are humans, tigers, leopards, and crocodiles. Mostly all of these seekers strike via ambush as these buffalos can be very hostile and unsafe when intimidated.

Water Buffalo Recreation, Children, and Life Expectancy

Female water buffalo commonly deliver every various other year to a solitary infant called a calf bone. Male bachelor herds or only older bulls take a trip to discover approving friends amongst the mother’s herds. The gestational duration lasts 10 or 11 months, and male children will certainly stay with the herd for 3 years while females usually remain permanently.

The wild buffalos have a typical life expectancy of 25 years, while residential buffalos can live as long as 40 years.

Water Buffalo Populace

While tamed buffalos, and their linked crossbreed species, represent roughly 165 million people, truth populace dimension of the arni is unidentified. Their remote, tough- to- accessibility environment and the problem in keeping in mind the distinction in between residential, feral, and wild herds have actually all been a substantial difficulty to the research study of the species.

Scientists approximate that roughly 4,000 white water buffalo stay cost-free and less than 2,500 of those are fully grown grownups. This populace is thought to be in decrease as the reduced variety of wild herds remain to interbreed with residential, feral, and crossbreed water buffalo.

The wild buffalos, Bubalus arnee, are endangered, and it exists nearly solely in secured protects in Southeast Asia. These protects are the just reliable preservation initiative that is being tried to maintain wild herds genetically pure.

Water Buffalo in the Zoo

Arnis are rather usual views in zoos in the USA. Also smaller sized zoo and rescue centers like the Little Ponderosa Zoo in Clinton, TN have arni on website. 6 Flags Wonderful Experience in Jackson, NJ also supplies a drive- thru safari destination that flaunts Asiatic water buffalo.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals
  8. Britannica, Available here: https://www.britannica.com/animal/water-buffalo
  9. National Geographic, Available here: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/w/water-buffalo/
  10. IUCN Red List, Available here: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/3129/46364616

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