Their guano is used in face creams!
Uguisu Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Cettia diphone
Uguisu Physical Characteristics
Brown, Green, Olive
2 – 5 years
Top speed
18 mph
15g – 22g (0.5oz – 0.7oz)
Uguisu Distribition

Uguisu Classification and Evolution

The Uguisu is a small species of fowl that’s natively discovered all through Japan, China and Taiwan, together with a variety of different areas of the far east. The Uguisu fowl can also be generally referred to as the Japanese Bush-Warbler, as it’s named for its fantastically distinctive tune. The Uguisu is most carefully associated to different small songbirds together with Bushtits and Nightingales which they’re related in look too, though the Uguisu is mostly very barely bigger. Though they don’t sing at evening, the great thing about the Uguisu’s tune is claimed to have led to them additionally being referred to as the Japanese Nightingale. The Uguisu fowl was first described as a documented species by Heinrich von Kittlitz in 1830.

Uguisu Anatomy and Appearance

The Uguisu is a small-sized fowl that’s identified for its pretty uninteresting colouration, significantly as compared with the great thing about its tune. They are typically olive-inexperienced or gentle brown in color with darker plumage in the direction of the information of their wings and tail. The tail of the Uguisu is comparatively lengthy in relation to its physique dimension and is comprised of straight feathers, making it related in look to Lengthy-Tailed Tits to which the Uguisu are considered carefully associated. Like different species of small perching fowl, the Uguisu additionally has skinny legs with lengthy, clawed toes to assist them grip onto branches extra simply. The Uguisu has small darkish eyes with pale stripes above each, and a straight, tan colored beak.

Uguisu Distribution and Habitat

The Uguisu fowl mostly inhabits areas all through Japan the place it’s discovered all yr spherical, together with elements of the northern Philippines. The Uguisu can also be native to southern Russia, China and Korea and is present in international locations together with Taiwan on a extra seasonal foundation. The Uguisu tends to be present in mountainous areas on the various altitudes of each lowland hills and excessive up within the mountain forests, and are identified to maneuver additional down the mountains throughout the winter. The Uguisu is present in seasonal forests and bamboo thickets the place there may be loads of foliage to cover amongst, together with an ample provide of meals.

Uguisu Behaviour and Lifestyle

In an identical option to Nightingales, the Uguisu is a comparatively solitary fowl with people solely actually coming collectively throughout the breeding season. The Uguisu is pretty quiet throughout the winter months making low chirping noises within the naked bushes, however in early spring they break into tune so as to attempt to entice a mate. The Uguisu is extra heard than seen by many individuals because of their extremely secretive nature, as they spend nearly all of the daytime hiding deep within the shadows of the encompassing foliage. In some areas, the Uguisu are migratory birds flying between totally different international locations with the altering seasons. That is mostly to flee from the chilly mountain winters, significantly on the big Japanese island of Hokkaido within the north.

Uguisu Reproduction and Life Cycles

The Uguisu breeding season begins within the early spring when the males break into stunning tune so as to attempt to entice a feminine to mate with. Like Nightingales, women and men are pretty related in look though the feminine tends to be barely smaller in dimension. The feminine Uguisu constructs a cup-formed nest in a dense thicket out of twigs, leaves and moss the place she lays as much as 5 small eggs. The Uguisu feminine sits on her eggs to maintain them heat and to guard them for between 2 and three weeks when the chicks hatch. The Uguisu chicks are fed and cared for by their mom till they fledge at round 2 weeks outdated. The Uguisu tends to stay for between 2 and 5 years within the wild.

Uguisu Diet and Prey

The Uguisu is an omnivorous animal that means that they feed on a wide range of each crops and animals. Like different Warblers and Nightingales, the Uguisu has a predominantly insect-based mostly weight loss program feeding on Flies, Worms, Beetles, Moths and Grasshoppers within the forest. The Uguisu can also be identified to forage for fruits and berries to complement its weight loss program. The necessity to discover meals is one motive why the Uguisu migrates in some elements of their pure vary. Through the winter months, not solely is it a lot colder however the Uguisu additionally finds it harder to search out meals in such uncompromising circumstances. By shifting right down to the lowlands, there’s a greater likelihood that supper is not going to be in such quick provide.

Uguisu Predators and Threats

The Uguisu is a really distinctive fowl and its calls may be heard all through the mountainous forests of the far east. Their comparatively drab colouration nonetheless, implies that though the Uguisu may be simply heard they’re in reality very troublesome for predators to identify amongst the foliage. There are a selection of animals that do handle to catch the Uguisu although with its fundamental predators together with feral Cats and Dogs, together with Snakes, Lizards and Birds Of Prey. Uguisu’s are additionally underneath menace from individuals who have reduce increasingly of the pure forest right down to make means for rising cities and cities, that means that the Uguisu has misplaced a lot of its pure habitat.

Uguisu Fascinating Info and Options

The gorgeous tune of the Uguisu is assumed to not solely be to do with discovering a mate, however it is usually considered a declaration of territory to different people within the space. Oddly sufficient, the droppings of the Uguisu (referred to as guano) are actually used as a product in sure face lotions significantly, as it’s thought to make pores and skin softer and extra radiant wanting. Apparently this peculiar selection in moisturiser is assumed to have been utilized by geishas and kabuki actors all through Japan for hundreds of years, and it’s now offered as a business product. The Uguisu is seen as an indication of spring coming in Japan and is subsequently additionally identified by different names such because the Spring Bird and the Hanami Bird.

Uguisu Relationship with Humans

All through a lot of its native Japan, the Uguisu has been depicted in each artwork and poetry due to the great thing about its attribute tune. It is usually because of this although that they have been usually saved as cage-birds and would sadly lead a really poor life. On account of using their guano as a pores and skin enhancer they’re now caged in order that it may be extra simply collected to ship all around the globe. Rising Human settlements, together with land clearance for logging and agriculture, and rising air pollution ranges have all led to inhabitants declines all through a lot of the Uguisu’s pure vary.

Uguisu Conservation Status and Life At the moment

The Uguisu has been listed on the IUCN Crimson Listing as an animal that’s labeled as Least Concern and is subsequently not underneath imminent menace as a species in its pure setting. It’s because the Uguisu is present in a variety of international locations at various altitudes and subsequently habitats, and so is pretty widespread. Inhabitants numbers in sure areas are additionally steady, however they’re declining in others primarily because of deforestation. They’re now farmed in Japan in order that their guano may be collected and used as a part in sure lotions.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds
  8. Uguisu Facts, Available here:
  9. Japanese Bush-Warblers, Available here:
  10. Uguisu Distribution, Available here:

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