Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Turtles Scientific Classification
Turtles Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Yellow, Red, Blue, Black, White, Tan, Green, Dark Brown, Orange, Purple, Pink, Olive, Dull Olive, Grey-Brown
Fewer than 10 million
30 – 200+ years
Top speed
3 mph
550 – 2,000lbs
Turtles Distribition

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Over half of all turtle species are threatened by air pollution and different human-prompted points.

Turtles are a broad group of animals, and so they’ve existed on this earth for fairly a while. There are over 300 completely different species, and each has distinctive info about their behaviors, diets, and appearances. They are often discovered on land and within the sea, however extra species are sea turtles. Sadly, that additionally implies that extra sea turtles are susceptible to extinction.

4 Unimaginable Turtle Info!

Listed below are some enjoyable turtle info.

  • Although many individuals use the phrases “tortoise” and “turtle” interchangeably, they aren’t the identical animal.
  • Turtles don’t take part in hibernation like different reptiles.
  • Most sea turtles abandon their eggs on the shore, permitting them to hatch on their very own earlier than making their method to the ocean.
  • The common pet turtle has a lifespan of almost 80 years with the precise care.

For extra fascinating info, learn “10 Unimaginable Turtle Info.”

Turtle vs. Tortoise

These two animals are relatively shut collectively, however the info present that they’re much completely different. Tortoises have a for much longer lifespan, which correlates with their massive measurement.

Turtle Scientific Name

The widespread identify of the turtle is just that – turtle. Their scientific identify is Testudines, and the one different names that they go by are their explicit species. Most of those animals are damaged down merely into sea turtles and land-based mostly turtles, although most land-based mostly turtles are literally tortoises.

The turtle belongs to the Reptilia class within the Cheloniidae household, which primarily represents sea turtles. The phrase “Testudines” comes from the Latin phrase “testa,” which suggests “shell.”

Turtle Appearance

With over 300 completely different species to account for, it’s a bit troublesome to find out what measurement you’re in search of. The scale totally relies on the species! As an illustration, in case you have a pet turtle, it is going to doubtless attain not more than 4 to 12 inches. Nonetheless, the biggest turtle ever identified was 15 ft lengthy, measuring from his head to his tail. He even was 13 ft broad from one flipper to the opposite.

Contemplating the nice vary in measurement, the identical is true of their weight. Whereas the biggest turtle weighed over 2,000 kilos, this animal will be wherever in between. The ocean turtle alone weighs about 420 lbs. when it’s absolutely grown.

When you’re in search of a selected coloration for the turtle, you gained’t be dissatisfied. They virtually are present in each coloration beneath the solar. Most individuals think about that they’re inexperienced (just like the inexperienced sea turtle), although they will also be brown and even black because the snapping turtle. The colour is primarily decided by the world during which they reside.

A gaggle of turtles will be known as many issues, like a bale, a dole, or a nest of turtles.

Giant Turtle in Thailand
This Big Turtle in Thailand is just one instance of over 300 species of turtles that cowl all the main continents.Kitinut Jinapuck/Shutterstock.com

Turtle Conduct

As a lot as the looks varies from one species to the subsequent, their conduct varies as effectively. Some species are solitary, whereas others desire to reside with a household for many of their life. The teams are known as bales or doles, however their persona is the place issues vastly change.

Pet turtles are supposed to be extra pleasant and docile except threatened. Within the ocean, the Crimson-Eared Slider is especially pleasant, which is a shared repute amongst many sea turtles. The snapping turtle, nonetheless, is a unique story.

In the end, researchers have discovered that the snapping turtle will not be precisely as aggressive as one may suppose. As a substitute, they give attention to defending themselves as a lot as they’ll when they’re approached by a human. They spend their days ready for his or her subsequent meal, however getting bit will not be price risking.

Despite the fact that different reptiles have a time of hibernation, the identical will not be true of turtles. Their bodily processes gradual, however hibernation doesn’t settle in.

Turtle Habitat

Turtles are discovered all around the world. They’re extremely adaptable to many various environments, residing on land and within the sea. Mostly, these reptiles are present in southeastern North America and South Asia, although a stunning variety of them are sea turtles.

To swim by way of the waters, they’ve flippers with unbelievable management over their course and velocity. They will even keep heat physique temperature with their massive our bodies, and so they keep heat with the additional fats that they carry.

Land-based mostly turtles largely should depend on their behaviors to defend themselves. The shell is fused with its backbone, and it’s fairly simple to break with out the precise secure spot to cover.

Turtle Predators & Threats

The time in a turtle’s life that they’re on the best peril is when they’re younger. Their shells are nonetheless fairly delicate, and they’re on the menu for a lot of predators – massive and small. Turtles are inclined to graze on what they discover, having fun with shrubs and fruits that they’ll get their mouths on. When accessible, they may even get pleasure from small bugs.
Humans and air pollution are typically the largest threats for any species.

What eats turtles?

Turtles aren’t a part of the meals chain for a lot of animals, however it’s simple for them to get caught up. Within the ocean, sharks are a serious menace, although killer whales may even go after them. As a child, the turtle will be eaten by nearly any animal, together with canine, seabirds, ghost crabs, and fish.

What do turtles eat?

For the reason that turtle has such a broad weight loss plan, it’s simple for him to seek out one thing for his meals. Although most land turtles will eat the foliage close by, they’ll additionally eat caterpillars and different invertebrates that may spherical out the protein that they want.

Turtle Reproduction, Infants, and Lifespan

The best way that sea turtles and land-based mostly turtles mate is a bit completely different. Within the sea, the male approaches the feminine’s again whereas she is swimming, holding on along with his claws. Nonetheless, land-based mostly turtles range of their method. Sometimes not mated for all times, the species will be 5-10 years outdated earlier than they’re sexually mature sufficient to mate.

Since turtles are reptiles, they launch eggs. Most sea turtles will lay their eggs on land and go away them behind, permitting their hatchlings to maintain themselves from delivery. Different species will maintain their eggs inside their physique for as much as two years earlier than releasing them to hatch.

For essentially the most half, these infants are known as hatchlings. They’re able to transfer and see inside moments after they hatch, however they’re fairly weak. The ocean turtles born on the seashore and close to water should trek again to the water as rapidly as doable to keep away from the predators which can be ready to eat them. The seashore is usually a harmful place. They’re out within the open till the sand meets the ocean. As soon as they’ve left the seashore, the turtles that present group behaviors will search out a household, “adopting” a mom as their very own within the sea.

The lifespan varies from one species to a different. Even in captivity or as a pet, bigger species can reside for as much as 100 years or extra.

Baby Leatherback Turtle Going to the Surf
Taking good care of itself from delivery, this child Leatherback turtle makes its method to the surf.IrinaK/Shutterstock.com

Turtle Inhabitants

Sea turtles alone account for six.5 million of those reptiles within the whereas, although there are a lot of species which can be critically endangered. The numbers appear regular for a lot of species of each land-based mostly and sea-based mostly turtles, however conservation efforts are nonetheless being made to cut back the air pollution that may lure and kill so many species within the ocean.

The IUCN Crimson Checklist of Threatened Species contains 187 completely different species of each turtles and tortoises which can be presently threatened with extinction. Probably the most endangered turtle species on the planet is the Yangtze big softshell turtle.


  1. Britannica, Available here: https://www.britannica.com/animal/turtle-reptile/Reproduction
  2. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Available here: https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/leatherback.html
  3. Turtle Owner, Available here: https://turtleowner.com/how-fast-are-turtles/
  4. Turtle Pets, Available here: https://turtlepets.com/why-are-turtles-so-slow/
  5. The Nature Conservancy, Available here: https://www.nature.org/en-us/get-involved/how-to-help/animals-we-protect/leatherback-sea-turtle/
  6. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chersobius_signatus
  7. Tortoise Expert, Available here: https://tortoiseexpert.com/which-tortoises-have-the-longest-lifespan-and-which-have-the-shortest/
  8. Cool Pets Advice, Available here: https://coolpetsadvice.com/tortoise-lifespan/
  9. Live Science, Available here: https://www.livescience.com/45539-what-do-turtles-eat.html
  10. Wildlife Informer, Available here: https://wildlifeinformer.com/do-turtles-breathe-out-of-their-butts/
  11. Infinite Spider, Available here: https://infinitespider.com/can-turtles-breathe-butts/
  12. Sea Turtle Status, Available here: https://www.seaturtlestatus.org/threats-to-turtles
  13. Mom.com, Available here: https://animals.mom.com/gestation-period-turtle-eggs-7009.html
  14. Conservation and Trade Management of Freshwater and Terrestrial Turtles in the United States , Available here: https://www.fws.gov/international/pdf/archive/workshop-terrestrial-turtles-presentation-abstracts.pdf

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