Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper)

Pit vipers can strike accurately at moving objects less than .5 degrees Farenheit warmer than the background.
Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper) Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Trimeresurus stejnegeri
Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper) Physical Characteristics
Yellow, Green
Unknown but believed stable
Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper) Distribition

Tree vipers are poisonous pit vipers that reside in Southeast Asia consisting of southerly China, Northeast India, Nepal, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, and Taiwan.

The poisonous tree viper passes several names, relying on its area. One of the most usual are Stejneger’s pit viper, Stejneger’s tree viper, bamboo viper, Chinese eco-friendly tree viper, Chinese pit viper, Chinese bamboo pit viper, and Chinese tree viper.

Extraordinary Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper) Realities

  • Tree viper attacks can be dangerous, however if dealt with most targets endure with little trouble.
  • 20+ species are called tree vipers or bamboo vipers.
  • They’re usually puzzled with the safe better green snake.
  • Stejneger’s tree viper just expands to regarding 30 inches in size.

Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper) Scientific Name and Classification

Tree vipers are pitvipers in the Crotalinae subfamily of Viperidae. Trimeresurus is a substance word created from Greek and Latin. The initial component, Trimeres is Greek and indicates “of 3 components.” The 2nd component, – urus is Latin and describes the tail. Much of the Tremeresurus genus snakes have tails of a various shade, and all have prehensile tails.

Their details name, stejnegeri, honors Leonhard Stejneger, a herpetologist that operated at the Smithsonian Organization for over 60 years. There are 2 subspecies of tree viper (bamboo viper), T. s. stejnegeri and T. s. chenbihuii; the choose subspecies is much more extensive, while T. s. chenbihuii is separated to Hainan Island’s Mount Diaoluo and Wuzhi Hill.

These snakes have several usual names, that include Stejneger’s pit viper, bamboo viper, Chinese eco-friendly tree viper, Chinese pit viper, Chinese bamboo pitviper, and Chinese tree viper. There are absolutely much more that are most likely regional names offered by the individuals that live near it.

Kinds Of Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper)

Typical names can obtain really complicated really swiftly. This is yet one more factor for making use of scientific names. There go to the very least a six snakes that individuals generally describe as bamboo or tree vipers. It’s due to the fact that there are numerous lots vipers that reside in trees, so a few of them were bound to be called tree vipers or bamboo vipers. The majority of them remain in the Trimeresurus genus, however a couple of are Atheris.


  • Harsh- scaled tree viper ( A. hispida)
  • Tree viper ( A. squamigera)


  • Typical bamboo viper ( C. gramineus)


Much Of the 40+ species in Trimeresurus lug the “eco-friendly tree viper” tag in some type. Right here are a couple of:

  • Chinese bamboo viper ( T. stejnegeri)
  • Red- trailed bamboo pit viper ( T. erythrurus)
  • Nicobar bamboo pit viper ( T. labialis)
  • McGregor’s tree viper ( T. mcgregori)
  • Central Nicobar bamboo pit viper ( T. mutabilis)

Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper) Appearance

This species, like a lot of arboreal snakes, is light- bodied and rather tiny. They just get to regarding 30 inches long, that includes a prehensile tail that usually determines 5.7 inches long. Tree vipers (bamboo vipers) are pit vipers with an usually triangular head, a recognizable warmth- noticing pit in between the nostril and eye, and red eyes with upright students. Their retracting fangs are nature’s variation of a hypodermic needle and they have the ability to infuse poison deeply right into a sufferer.

A Tree viper’s (bamboo viper’s) dorsal shade can be brilliant to dark eco-friendly; the forward is light eco-friendly to creamy colored. A red stripe divides the dorsal and forward shades and runs the size of its body. In this snake, the red stripe begins near the nose and runs in between the lip and eye, right down the size of the body. The red stripe is one method to inform males from females due to the fact that males have red stripes that are generally bicolored with red or brownish and white. In females, it can be bicolored however is regularly white. Juveniles have actually vibrantly tinted tails that they utilize for drawing victim. Shades and patterns can differ relying on their environment.

Bamboo vipers (Trimeresurus stejnegeri) often hide in crevices
This species conceals in shrubs and holes when it isn’t in the yanjf

Tree viper (bamboo viper) Look Alike

Tree vipers (bamboo vipers) are in some cases puzzled with the better green snake, a nonvenomous colubrid belonging to most of the exact same locations. One large distinction is the head form and eyes. The better green snake ( Ptyas significant) has a little head with big gold or eco-friendly eyes and rounded students, whereas the tree viper (bamboo viper) has a large triangular head with red eyes and upright students.

In all instances, if you are not 150% particular of your species recognition, do not manage the snake.

Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper) Actions

These snakes are typically slow-moving- relocating and arboreal; as a matter of fact, several arboreal snakes relocate gradually so they do not befall of their treetop house. Tree vipers are nighttime and much more energetic in the evening and in some cases roost in shrubs by day.

They aren’t hostile in a conventional feeling, however if collared, tree vipers stand their ground and do not wait to attack. Although this is a characteristic shared by several arboreal snakes, these snakes have a tendency to strike at anything cozy that relocations close by. This species beings in one setting, in some cases for several hrs or days, to assail its victim when it strays as well close. Their feeling of scent is outstanding, and they utilize Jacobson’s body organ and their tongue to aid find victim when the ambient temperature level does not prefer their warmth- noticing pits.

Poison: Just How Harmful is the Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper)

While casualties are unusual with tree vipers (bamboo vipers), they can take place. Their poison is largely comprised of hemotoxins that assault the blood. They do not constantly envenomate when they attack, however when they do the signs start with regional discomfort that swiftly ends up being extreme, calling for really solid pain relievers. Targets of tree viper (bamboo viper) snakebites define the discomfort as if they had actually been branded with a curling iron. It does not go away till regarding 24-hour after being attacked.

Various other signs consist of:

  • Swelling around the bite.
  • Tissue necrosis of differing extent, relying on the bite deepness and amount of poison infused.
  • Kidney disorder.
  • Nausea Or Vomiting.
  • Lightheadedness.

Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper) Environment

Established In Northeast India, Nepal, Myanmar, Laos, Taiwan, Vietnam, and Southern China, the tree viper (bamboo viper) typically prefers forested locations along routes, streams, or culverts. Historically, it stayed clear of human- made environments for forested locations. Nonetheless, in the last few years it is progressively located spending time light posts and various other locations near to houses and communities.

The tree viper (bamboo viper) occupies woodlands at elevations from water level to 3,200 feet. Its pigmentation enables it to mix flawlessly right into its environment and isn’t constantly simple to area.

Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper) Diet

Like several snakes, the tree viper (bamboo viper) consumes a selection of tiny victim and frogs seem its key resource of food. Nonetheless, it likewise takes rodents, birds, and lizards.

Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper) Predators, Risks, Preservation, and Populace

According to the IUCN Redlist of Threatened Species, the tree viper (bamboo viper) is a species of Least Concern due to the fact that it prevails and most likely isn’t decreasing swiftly sufficient to be thought about in a greater classification. It’s assumed to have a big populace, however no real matter is readily available.

It does not appear to have any type of considerable risks, other than in some locations its numbers are reducing in feedback to environment adjustments.

Tree Viper (Bamboo Viper) Reproduction, Children, and Life Expectancy

Its reproduction habits is fairly unidentified, however females bring to life clutters of 3- 10 children that resemble minis of their moms and dads. The children are tiny and only procedure regarding 4.5 inches long when they’re birthed.


  1. “Trimeresurus.” Merriam-Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 15 Aug. 2022.“Trimeresurus.” Merriam-Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 15 Aug. 2022., Available here:
  2. Trimeresurus stejnegeri | Reptarium Reptile Database, Available here:
  3. Hong Kong Snake ID, Available here:
  4. Liao-Chun Chiang Wei-Jen Tsai Po-Yu Liu Cheng-Hsuan Ho Hung-Yuan Su Chih-Sheng Lai Kuo-Lung Lai Wen-Loung Lin Chi-Hsin Lee Yi-Yuan Yang Uyen Vy Doan Tri Maharani Yan-Chiao Mao. (2020). Envenomation by Trimeresurus stejnegeristejnegeri : clinical manifestations, treatmentand associated factors for wound necrosis. Journal of Venomous, 14., Available here:
  5. Stejneger’s Pit Viper, Available here:

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