Texas Indigo Snake

Texas Indigo Snakes are known for chasing down, overpowering, and eating rattlesnakes.
Texas Indigo Snake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Drymarchon melanurus erebennus
Texas Indigo Snake Physical Characteristics
Brown, Black, Black-Brown
Estimated at 15
Texas Indigo Snake Distribition

These snakes mate in the winter months after that lay eggs in a deserted burrow in the springtime. They lay 3- 12 eggs, and hatchlings show up in the summertime and step 14- 18 inches, however can get to 24 inches. They are just one of the lengthiest species in The United States and Canada and consistently get to 6- 8 feet long; there have actually been records of snakes coming close to 10 feet, however they have not been confirmed.

They vary from main Texas prolonging right into north Mexico, and up until lately Texas indigo snakes got on the secured checklist in Texas.

Remarkable Truths Concerning Texas Indigo Snakes

  • They seem at the very least partially immune to rattlesnake poison.
  • Terrific to have around if you have poisonous snakes close by.
  • They’ll eat anything they can subdue; birds, lizards, turtles, snakes, and rodents are all on their diverse food selection.
  • They control their victim making use of strength, however are remarkably manageable.

Where To locate Texas Indigo Snakes

These snakes live in locations with irreversible water resources and meadows, brush, or woodlands in Texas southern from San Antonio, and right into north Mexico, regarding Veracruz.

They invest their downtime in deserted burrows and beneath logs and various other things huge sufficient to conceal them, however Texas indigo snakes are energetic seekers and invest a lot of their time searching throughout the day.

Texas Indigo Snake Scientific Name

Texas indigo snakes ( Drymarchon melanurus erebennus) belong to the Colubridae family in addition to kingsnakes and boa constrictors. Nevertheless, they are not constrictors. Their scientific name, Drymarchon, approximately converts as “Lord of the Woodland,” melanurus is Greek and suggests black.

Every one of the indigo snake species have smooth, really glossy ranges that show a rainbowlike blue- purple in the light, providing their typical name.

Kinds Of Indigo Snakes

Till lately, all indigo snakes were identified as subspecies of Drymarchon corais, also several of the federal government websites still show this. Nevertheless, hereditary research study exposed that there are 5 different species; offered even more time and research study we might uncover a lot more.

3 of them take place in The United States and Canada:

  • D. melanurus erebennus mostly stays in south Texas and north Mexico. It is largely black however has some brownish speckling.
  • D. corais couperi Eastern indigo snakes stay in the southeastern united states.
  • D. kolpobasileus This recently identified species is native to the gulf shore of Florida and Mississippi. It has a much shorter and shallower head form than the Eastern indigo snake.

2 indigo snake species live in main and South America:

  • D. caudomaculatus stays in Venezuela and Colombia and has even more brownish speckling than its north relatives
  • D. margaritae populates the Western Margarita Islands and Venezuela

Texas Indigo Snake Populace & Conservation Status

For such a prominent and well- enjoyed snake, there’s a shocking absence of official research study right into their populace numbers, and security and life-span in the wild. We do not have an exact populace quote, and we can think that in the wild they may live concerning 9 years. It protests the regulation to gather these snakes in the wild without a license, however they are no more on the secured checklist in Texas, and they are out the IUCN Redlist.

Nevertheless, Texas indigo snakes still deal with obstacles as a result of human infringement. Each specific requires a big area in which to prosper however is rather adaptable as long as there is a long-term water resource close by. They have a tendency to prefer rather completely dry meadows, scrub brush; nevertheless, uncontrolled development is minimizing the quantity of area offered and several indigo snakes wind up when traveling, targets of a lorry experience.

Just How To Determine Texas Indigo Snakes: Appearance and Summary

Texas indigo snakes are huge- bodied, long nonvenomous snakes with a base shade of rainbowlike black ranges and brownish speckles. Their stomach is usually salmon- tinted, ending up being a lot more lotion- tinted coming close to the throat, and a lot more blue- black in the direction of the tail. They have black upright bars that start under their eyes and expand to their labial (lip) ranges. Actually, seeing dark upright bars along the lip ranges is one indicator that a North American snake is not poisonous, although this does not be true on various other continents.

Hatchlings show up in the summertime and can get to 2 feet long; there have actually been discoveries of Texas indigo snakes almost 10 feet long, however they’re not confirmed. Juveniles are usually strong black however create grown-up shades as they develop in between the ages of 2- 3.

Texas Indigo Snakes: Images and Video Clips

Wild Texas Indigo Snake facing the camera
Texas indigo snakes are belonging to Texas, however their array prolongs right into north Mexico.Joe Farah/Shutterstock. com

Texas indigo snakes are large-bodied, very long snakes with a base color of iridescent black scales and brown speckles.
Texas indigo snakes are huge- bodied, long snakes with a base shade of rainbowlike black ranges and brownish speckles.Joe Farah/Shutterstock. com

Texas Indigo Snake
Texas indigo snakes are huge energetic snakes that clear out victim after that subdue itGlowing Reptilia/Shutterstock. com

See as the rattlesnake attempts to surrender, however the Texas indigo snake will not allow it relax – did you see the rattlesnake enter a bite?

Just How Unsafe Are Texas Indigo Snakes?

These snakes are typically manageable and not hostile; they’re maintained as pets by lots of people consequently and for their appeal. Nevertheless, those that manage or pester a Texas indigo snake might uncover its effective bite. It might likewise launch a nasty- scenting musk from its cloaca and also rattle its tail.

Texas Indigo Snakes are popular as rattlesnake control and enjoyed by Texas farmers and herdsmans. They are not hostile, and therefore, are very easy to observe from a considerate range. There are several video clips offered that show their expertise as rattlesnake seekers; in a few of them, you can see the rattlesnake attacking (and possibly envenomating) the Texas indigo snake however still shedding the fight.

Texas Indigo Snakes Behavior & Humans

Texas indigo snakes are very practical and feed upon much of the animals that humans locate a hassle or, when it comes to poisonous snakes, hazardous. Nevertheless, they require a big area in which to search and they are regularly run over by automobiles when going across the roadway.

A Texas indigo snake will certainly eat almost anything it can subdue utilizing its dimension and stamina; along with poisonous snakes, its food selection consists of non- poisonous snakes such as coachwhips, tiny animals, lizards, turtles, and birds. They’re actually not all that fussy. According to a post in the Naples Information, “One sampling alone had 3 mice, 2 Mexican delving toads, and 2 adolescent snapping turtles in its belly materials.”

These snakes were valued in southerly Texas as rodent and rattlesnake control. A lot to ensure that several family members maintained them as pets around the lawn to maintain rodents and poisonous snakes away. Already, they’re preferred pets as a result of their appeal and their very easy- going mindset.



  1. Reptile Database, Available here: https://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Drymarchon&species=melanurus
  2. Southwest Center for Herpetological Research, Available here: https://www.southwesternherp.com/drymarchon-melanurus-erebennus/
  3. Texas Parks & Wildlife, Available here: https://tpwd.texas.gov/education/resources/texas-junior-naturalists/snakes-alive
  4. IUCN Redlist, Available here: https://www.iucnredlist.org/

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