Texas Garter Snake

If you handle one of the snakes, it will defensively emit a foul-smelling musk that can get on your hands and other surfaces and permeate your home.
Texas Garter Snake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Thamnophis sirtalis annectens
Texas Garter Snake Physical Characteristics
Over 1,000,000
Texas Garter Snake Distribition

Texas garter snakes are unusual, however where located they supply practical insect control for yards and suburbs.

The Texas garter snake ( Thamnophis sirtalis annectens) is just one of 13 subspecies of the usual garter snake belonging to The United States and Canada. This subspecies is located in main Texas, Kansas, and in some cases South Dakota. They are not poisonous to humans, yet have adequate poison in their saliva to restrain little target. When among these snakes is located, it is best to leave it alone since in suburbs, yards and greenhouses it assists regulate pest populaces. This is exactly how the snake gained the usual name “yard snake.”

In the majority of areas, it is unlawful to take a Texas garter snake out of the wild to maintain as a pet. Yet in bondage, such as in zoos, the snakes can have a life-span of 6 to ten years. This is a lot longer than their ordinary life-span in the wild of just 2 years. The yard snake gets to sex-related maturation at in between 1.5 years to 2 years, however in their all-natural environment, numerous do not live enough time to duplicate.

5 Remarkable Texas Garter Snake Realities

  • Being oviparous, Texas garter snakes bring to life 20 to 40 real-time and completely independent infant snakes
  • Infant and adolescent yard snakes are most likely to set out at humans than grown-up snakes of the exact same species if they really feel endangered
  • Texas garter snakes are remarkably proficient at capturing little fish and tadpoles making use of lightning- rapid reflexes
  • Besides assisting humans by regulating bugs, these snakes will certainly additionally prey on bigger rotting animals
  • Like various other usual garter snakes, the Texas garter snake is poisonous to its target however not to humans

Where to Locate Texas Garter Snakes

Texas garter snakes are called for the main area to which they are indigenous, main Texas Yet the snakes are in some cases located in thin populaces in Kansas and South Dakota. They are amongst the least usual garter snakes, however are in some cases located near water resources like streams, rivers, and fish ponds. They such as making use of moist dirt, huge plants, brush stacks, piled timber, and various other particles for cover.

Scientific Name

The Texas garter snake’s scientific name is Thamnophis sirtalis annectens It becomes part of the class Reptilia and the family Colubridae The initial 2 regards to its scientific name originates from the Greek thamnos for “bush” and ophio for “snake,” along with sirtalis, from the Latin word for “garter.” Annectens is originated from the Latin words for “towards” and “linking.”

Populace & Conservation Status

The Texas garter snake’s species, Thamnophis sirtalis, is noted as being of “least concern” by the International Union for Preservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red Checklist of Endangered Species The species all at once, consisting of the subspecies Texas garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis annectens) has a secure populace. It is thought that the populace goes beyond 1,000,000 for all usual garter snakes in The United States and Canada and north Mexico.

Appearance & Summary

Texas garter snakes are recognizable via their color scheme, varying from practically- strong to distinctly checkered or blotched. Their base shades are particularly a dark olive environment-friendly, dark brownish or black formed body with a brilliant orange or red main red stripe down its back. There are additionally 2 yellow red stripes, one down each side of its body. The snake’s bottom is commonly a lotion or white shade.

Exactly how to determine the Texas garter snake:

  • Dark olive environment-friendly, brownish, or black formed body, varying from strong to checkered
  • Intense orange or red stripe leaving the back from the neck to the tail suggestion
  • Yellow or white red stripe on each side of its body
  • White or yellow- tinted bottom
A Texas garter snake in captivity
Texas garter snakes have a brilliant orange or red stripe leaving the back from the neck to the tail suggestion.

Texas Garter Snake Poison: Just How Unsafe Are They?

Texas garter snakes, like various other usual garter snakes, are not poisonous to humans. Nonetheless, they do have adequate poison in their saliva to restrain their little target. The yard snakes do not have fangs, so they do not infuse their poison. Rather, the hazardous saliva gets in the target’s blood stream by getting in via the bite injury.

If a human is attacked by a Texas garter snake, the teeth might not pierce the skin in any way. If there is a leak and the saliva gets in the injury, the individual will commonly experience no signs and symptoms or simply small inflammation and short-lived swelling. If you are attacked by a Texas garter snake, merely clean the area with cozy, soapy water. This will certainly assist you stay clear of infection from germs usual to a snake’s mouth. If you observe indications of anaphylaxis, such as queasiness, throwing up, or lightheadedness after a yard snake bite, call your physician for added treatment guidelines.

Texas Garter Snake Habits and Humans

Texas garter snakes are so non- endangering to humans that some individuals maintain them as pets. Many areas forbid taking these checkered and candy striped snakes out of the wild, nonetheless. Consequently, you must not attempt to maintain one as a pet without validating your regional and state regulations. If you intend to see the snakes close- up, you can see them at zoos real estate this species, such as the Dallas Zoo in Dallas, Texas.

If you deal with among the snakes, it will defensively send out a nasty- scenting musk that can jump on your hands, garments, and various other items. The scent is tough to clean up away and can penetrate a house. This is just one of the animal’s defense reaction and it can vary from gently nasty to incredibly malodorous, based upon the snake’s diet. Forever factor, yard snakes are thought about the smelliest kind of snake.

The snake’s diet includes animals that humans take into consideration bugs, like mice, grasshoppers, and slugs. Consequently, it is valuable to humans to leave the snakes in yards, greenhouses, or suburbs where located. Yard snakes’ environments are typically components of main Texas, Kansas, and South Dakota where they have accessibility to a lot of food. So if you see one in your yard, it is in fact aiding you to maintain your plants healthy and balanced. It is additionally most likely to maintain mice out of your home.


  1. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_garter_snake
  2. iNaturalist , Available here: https://inaturalist.ca/taxa/28374-Thamnophis-sirtalis-annectens
  3. Snake Snape, Available here: https://www.snakesnap.co/texasgartersnake
  4. Ecos Fish & Wildlife Service, Available here: https://ecos.fws.gov/ecp/species/3086
  5. Digital Stephen F. Austin State University, Available here: https://digital.sfasu.edu/digital/collection/Herpetology/id/382/
  6. Animalia Bio, Available here: https://animalia.bio/texas-garter-snake
  7. Wikidata, Available here: https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q7708250
  8. Wildlife of North America, Available here: https://www.wildlifenorthamerica.com/Reptile/Texas-Garter-Snake/Thamnophis/sirtalis-annectens.html
  9. The Nature of Things, Available here: https://www.thenatureofthings.blog/2015/06/backyard-nature-wednesday-texas-garter.html
  10. En Academic, Available here: https://en-academic.com/dic.nsf/enwiki/2531402
  11. Goliad Farms, Available here: https://goliadfarms.com/texas-garter-snake/
  12. Austin Pest Wildlife, Available here: http://www.austinpestwildlife.com/garter-snake.html#:~:text=The%20average%20lifespan%20of%20common,but%20this%20is%20very%20rare
  13. IUCN Red List, Available here: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/62240/68308267

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