swallows have aerodynamic bodies for hunting in flight
Swallow Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Tachycineta bicolor, Atticora fasciata, and more
Tachycineta, Atticora, and more
Swallow Physical Characteristics
Blue, White, Green, Chestnut
2 to 16 years
0.35 to 2.12 ounces
Swallow Distribition

Swallows live from water level to high towering environments and conveniently adjust to manmade locations.


The swallow ( Hirundinidae) is a bird family incorporating morphologically one-of-a-kind passerine birds. There are 89 swallow species, and they have a comprehensive variety, living in every continent besides Antarctica. You will certainly locate them in any kind of open location, such as meadows and open timberlands. Some species are extremely social, signing up with groups outside the reproducing period. While others are singular and only kind virginal sets. Discover every little thing there is to find out about the swallow family, consisting of where they live, what they eat, and exactly how they act.

5 Incredible Realities

  • Unlike the majority of passerine species, swallows have wind resistant bodies for searching in trip.
  • These birds are reasonably singing and utilize their music twittering to reveal exhilaration, interact with each various other, and caution their species of trespassers.
  • While they do not live in Antarctica, some species prevail drifters to the continent and its islands.
  • Some swallows disintegrate right into particular niches to feed. Some will certainly eat the ground, while others will certainly forage higher.
  • They very protect their nests and aggress trespassers.

Where to Locate the Swallow

The swallow inhabits every continent other than Antarctica, and some species are drifters to remote islands and can also fly to Antarctica. These migratory birds have substantial varieties, reproducing in the north hemisphere and wintering in the southerly. Nevertheless, those in exotic locations might be a lot more inactive. They reside in any kind of open environment, consisting of meadows, open timberlands, savannas, mangroves, marshes, scrublands, farming areas, and are likewise discovered in metropolitan locations. These birds remain from water level to high towering environments and conveniently adjust to manmade locations.

Swallow Nest

New Globe swallow species nest in dental caries, and Vintage ingests construct mud nests. Their demands consist of an expenses that secures them from climate and predators, and both sexes help in event products and creating the framework. Some construct passages, excavating with each other as a set.

Scientific Name

The swallow ( Hirundinidae) is from the Passeriformes order and is morphologically one-of-a-kind from various other passerines as a result of their wind resistant bodies, best for searching by the wing.

The Hirundinidae family consists of 21 category and 89 species:

High Cliff- Nesting Swallows

  • American high cliff swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
  • Cavern swallow, Petrochelidon fulva
  • Chestnut- caught swallow, Petrochelidon rufocollaris
  • Preuss’s high cliff swallow, Petrochelidon preussi
  • Red- throated high cliff swallow, Petrochelidon rufigula
  • Red Sea high cliff swallow, Petrochelidon perdita
  • South African high cliff swallow, Petrochelidon spilodera
  • Touch- throated swallow, Petrochelidon fluvicola
  • Fairy martin, Petrochelidon ariel
  • Tree martin, Petrochelidon nigricans

Woodland Swallows

  • Woodland swallow, Atronanus fuliginosus

African and Exotic Oriental Swallows

  • Red- breasted swallow, Cecropis semirufa
  • Mosque swallow, Cecropis senegalensis
  • Lesser removed swallow, Cecropis abyssinica
  • Greater removed swallow, Cecropis cucullata
  • Red- rumped swallow, Cecropis daurica
  • West African swallow, Cecropis domicella
  • Sri Lanka swallow, Cecropis hyperythra
  • Striated swallow, Cecropis striolata
  • Rufous- bellied swallow, Cecropis badia

Residence Martins

  • Typical home martin, Delichon urbicum
  • Siberian home martin, Delichon lagopodum
  • Oriental home martin, Delichon dasypus
  • Nepal home martin, Delichon nipalense

Normal Swallows

  • Black- and- rufous swallow, Hirundo nigrorufa
  • Blue swallow, Hirundo atrocaerulea
  • Pied- winged swallow, Hirundo leucosoma
  • White- trailed swallow, Hirundo megaensis
  • Pearl- breasted swallow, Hirundo dimidiata
  • Pacific swallow, Hirundo tahitica
  • Hillside swallow, Hirundo domicola
  • Invite swallow, Hirundo neoxena
  • White- throated swallow, Hirundo albigularis
  • Cable- trailed swallow, Hirundo smithii
  • White- bibbed swallow, Hirundo nigrita
  • Barn swallow, Hirundo rustica
  • Angola swallow, Hirundo angolensis
  • Red- chested swallow, Hirundo lucida
  • Ethiopian swallow, Hirundo aethiopica

Crag Martins

  • Eurasian crag martin, Ptyonoprogne rupestris
  • Pale crag martin, Ptyonoprogne obsoleta
  • Rock martin, Ptyonoprogne fuligula
  • Dusky crag martin, Ptyonoprogne concolor

Just-Genus Swallows

  • White- backed swallow, Cheramoeca leucosterna
  • Grey- rumped swallow, Pseudhirundo griseopyga
  • Tawny- headed swallow, Alopochelidon fucata
  • Mascarene martin, Phedina borbonica
  • Brazza’s martin, Phedinopsis brazzae
  • Grouped martin, Neophedina cinct

New Globe Martins

  • Brownish- chested martin, Progne tapera
  • Peruvian martin, Progne murphyi
  • Galápagos martin, Progne modesta
  • Purple martin, Progne subis
  • Southern martin, Progne elegans
  • Grey- breasted martin, Progne chalybea
  • Sinaloa martin, Progne sinaloae
  • Cuban martin, Progne cryptoleuca
  • Caribbean martin, Progne dominicensis

Harsh- Winged Swallows

  • North harsh- winged swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis
  • Southerly harsh- winged swallow, Stelgidopteryx ruficollis

Swallows of the Andes Hills

  • Pale- footed swallow, Orochelidon flavipes
  • Brownish- bellied swallow, Orochelidon murina
  • Andean swallow, Orochelidon andecola

Swallows of the Neotropics

  • Blue- and- white swallow, Pygochelidon cyanoleuca
  • Black- caught swallow, Pygochelidon melanoleuca

South American Swallows

  • White- grouped swallow, Atticora fasciata
  • Black- covered swallow, Atticora pileata
  • White- thighed swallow, Atticora tibialis

Swallows of the Americas

  • Tree swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
  • Bahama swallow, Tachycineta cyaneoviridis
  • Violet- eco-friendly swallow, Tachycineta thalassina
  • Golden swallow, Tachycineta euchrysea
  • Mangrove swallow, Tachycineta albilinea
  • White- rumped swallow, Tachycineta leucorrhoa
  • Chilean swallow, Tachycineta meyeni
  • Tumbes swallow, Tachycineta stolzmanni
  • White- winged swallow, Tachycineta albiventer

Passage- Nesting Martins

  • Congo martin, Riparia congica
  • Sand martin, Riparia riparia
  • Pale martin, Riparia diluta
  • Brownish- throated martin, Riparia paludicola
  • Grey- throated martin, Riparia chinensis

Saw- Wings

  • Square- trailed saw- wing, Psalidoprocne nitens
  • Black saw- wing, Psalidoprocne pristoptera
  • Fanti saw- wing, Psalidoprocne obscura
  • White- headed saw- wing, Psalidoprocne albiceps
  • Mountain saw- wing, Psalidoprocne fuliginosa

River Martins

  • African river martin, Pseudochelidon eurystomina
  • White- considered river martin, Pseudochelidon sirintarae

Dimension, Appearance & Actions

Swallows have long, streamlined bodies and pointy wings that allow them to hunt and catch their food in the air.
Swallows have long, structured bodies and sharp wings that permit them to search and capture their food airborne.

Mirko Graul/Shutterstock. com

The swallow is a tiny passerine songbird, determining 3.9 to 9.4 inches and considering 0.35 to 2.12 ounces, with an 11 to 13- inch wingspan. Although they are passerine birds, their bodies are adjusted for searching by trip. They include structured bodies, long, aimed wings, and eyes similar to a raptor. These birds likewise have brief costs, broad gapes, and long tails. Males and females look similar with shiny dark blue or eco-friendly quill ahead and greatly spotted white or Rufus- tinted plumes listed below. Juveniles are somewhat duller variations of grownups.

Some species are nonsocial and do not create groups, while others take part in early american nesting and create big groups outside the reproducing period. They have several telephone calls and tunes, frequently seeming like music twittering. These birds are singing and utilize their phone call to reveal exhilaration, interact with their companion and others in their species, or caution off trespassers. Swallows are likewise solid fliers and utilize their abilities to bring in companions.

Movement Patterns and Timing

Swallows are lengthy- range travelers. They have an around the world distribution and a substantial variety. For example, the barn swallow types over the majority of the north hemisphere and winter seasons in the majority of the southerly hemisphere. They are also drifters to remote islands and locations in the Antarctic.


Swallows are largely insectivores and forage on the wing.

What Does the Swallow Eat?

Their diet includes grasshoppers, crickets, caterpillars, spiders, worms, and snails. Some species supplement their diet with berries, plant issue, and seeds. They primarily forage by flying, however you will sometimes see them seizing victim from branches and the ground. Numerous swallow species will certainly feed with each other, disintegrating right into particular niches, where some will certainly eat the ground and others will certainly forage higher.

Predators, Risks, and Conservation Status

Numerous swallow bird species are endangered as a result of environment loss. The white- considered river martin is seriously endangered and has actually not been formally videotaped because 1978, leading several to think it might currently be extinct. This species types on river financial institutions, a decreasing environment in Southeast

In Asia the gold swallow is taken into consideration “Vulnerable,” and the Bahama swallow is “Endangered.” Woodland loss and intrusive species are the factor for their decrease.

Many various other swallow species are detailed as “Least Concern”

What Consumes the Swallow?

Hawks, falcons, owls, and kestrels are the primary predators of swallows. Their nest predators consist of grackles, rats, weasels, squirrels, raccoons, bobcats, serpents, residential cats, bullfrogs, and fish. Although little, they are strong protectors of their nest and will certainly aggress trespassers and repel any person that obtains as well close.

Reproduction, Youthful, and Molting

 These cavity nesting Tree Swallows will not fledge as early as other songbirds and will stay in the nest between 18 to 22 days depending on weather, feeding conditions, and size of the brood.
These dental caries nesting Tree Swallows will certainly not fledge as early as various other songbirds and will certainly remain in the nest in between 18 to 22 days relying on climate, feeding problems, and dimension of the brood.

Steve Byland/Shutterstock. com

Numerous swallows create virginal sets and reproduce forever. Nevertheless, some might exercise polygamy and take numerous companions. Females lay 2 to 5 white eggs and breed them for 10 to 21 days. Their young take longer to create than various other passerine birds and the moms and dads coax them out of the nest after 3 weeks. Nevertheless, they will certainly maintain going back to the nest to roost. Many species get to sex-related maturation around one year and have a life-span in between 2 and 16 years.


The worldwide swallow bird population is unidentified, however barn swallows alone represent 290 million to 487 million fully grown people. Some populaces might be experiencing minor decreases as a result of modifications in farming techniques causing lowered nesting websites.


  1. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds , Available here: https://www.rspb.org.uk/birds-and-wildlife/wildlife-guides/bird-a-z/swallow/population-trends/
  2. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swallow

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