Sumatran Rhinoceros

Sumatran Rhinoceros Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Dicerorhinus Sumatrensis
Sumatran Rhinoceros Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black
30-45 years
Top speed
30 mph
500kg – 800kg (1,100lbs – 1,760lbs)
Sumatran Rhinoceros Distribition

The last ‘primitive’ rhinocerous is presently amongst the world’s most intimidated species

The Sumatran rhinoceros is the last “furry” rhinoceros left on the planet. The smallest species of rhinoceros, the Sumatran rhinocerous may incredibly well be among one of the most intimidated massive animal globally today.

Amazing Sumatran Rhinocerous Realities!

  • The Sumatran rhinocerous is believed to be the closest living concerning Wooly rhinocerouses that were covered in hair in addition to went disappeared 8,000 years previously.
  • The Sumatran rhinocerous may be among one of the most intimidated massive animal globally, with perhaps as number of as 30 individuals remaining to be
  • Among rhinocerouses, the Sumatran lacks a question the smallest species making it via today. Generally, Sumatran rhinocerouses weight merely 1/4 the measurement of white rhinocerouses!

Sumatran RhinocerousScientific Name

The scientific name of the Sumatran rhinoceros is Dicerorhinus sumatrensis The genus Dicerorhinus is Greek for “2 horns”, although the Sumatran rhinoceros is the last living species of this genus.

Samatrensis suggests “of Sumatra” as the species was extremely initial located on the island (though its first range expanded much past Sumatra).

Sumatran RhinocerousAppearance

The Sumatran rhinoceros is the smallest of the 5 rhinoceros species with a body dimension of a lot less than 250cm (relating to 8.2 feet). At their shoulders, a Sumatran rhinocerous has to do with 150 centimeters (5 feet) in altitude.

The smallest of all rhinocerous species, Sumatran rhinocerouses think about in between 500- 800 kg (1,100 extra pounds– 1,760 extra pounds). It is unique among rhinocerous species due to the fact that it has a red- hair that can cover a huge component of its body.

The Sumatran rhinoceros has fairly insufficient view, depending added on hearing in addition to smell to uncover what is occurring around them. The ears of the Sumatran r hinoceros have a relatively big rotational range to uncover sounds in addition to an outstanding sensation of smell to conveniently indicate them to the presence ofpredators

Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus Sumatrensis) - standing up
Light And Additionally Dark Studio/Shutterstock. com.

Sumatran Rhinocerous Horn

The Sumatran rhinoceros uses it’s horns for security, scare techniques, digging deep into up beginnings in addition to harmful branches throughout feeding. The horns of the Sumatran rhinoceros are made from a product called keratin in addition to are subsequently incredibly strong. The horns of the Sumatran rhinoceros are taken advantage of in old medicine in addition to numerous Sumatran rhinocerouses have really been illegally looked for them.

Unlike the different other Asian rhinoceros species, the Sumatran rhinoceros has 2 horns like the white in addition to black rhinocerouses uncovered on the African continent. However, its horns are generally a whole lot smaller sized than those species.

While the greatest ever taped Sumatran rhinocerous horn figured out 32 inches (81 centimeters), their horns generally determine a lot less than 10 inches (25 centimeters) in dimension. The front horn of Sumatran rhinocerouses is a lot longer, while the back horn is usually a lot less than an inch (2.5 centimeters) in dimension.

Sumatran Rhinocerous Activities

The Sumatran rhinoceros is a particular animal in addition to simply incorporates with different other Sumatran rhinocerouses to mate.

Sumatran rhinocerouses spend extensive component of their day in mud wallows they utilize their feet in addition to horns to expand. Layers of mud not simply aid guard the Sumatran rhinocerous from striking insects, yet similarly take care of skin temperature degree. Sumatran rhinocerouses kept in chains that did not have sufficient daily wallowing battled with consistent skin problems subsequently.

The Sumatran rhinocerous is similarly incredibly conscientious relating to noting its location in addition to tracks with feces, pee, in addition to likewise scraping trees. The massive location of each Sumatran rhinocerous (as high as 50 square kilometers for guys) help go over why explorations of these animals is so uncommon.

Sumatran Rhinocerous Atmosphere

The Sumatran rhinoceros primarily inhabits thick lowland jungle, high backyard in addition to reed beds that are plentiful with rivers, massive floodplains, or damp places with numerous mud wallows, swamps in addition to cloud timberlands. The range of Sumatran rhinoceros when expanded from India, with south- eastern Asia in addition to to Sumatra yet today, the Sumatran rhinoceros is simply uncovered on the islands of Sumatra in addition to Borneo.

Sumatran RhinocerousDiet

The Sumatran rhinoceros is a vegan animal importance that it keeps itself on an absolutely plant- based diet. Sumatran rhinocerouses browse the mostly corroded below- exotic forest for dropped leaves, blooms, buds, fruits, berries in addition to beginnings which they gather from the ground using their horns.

Sumatran Rhinocerous Populace– The Quantity Of Sumatran Rhinos Are Left?

Today, the Sumatran rhinocerous may be among one of the most intimidated massive animal on the planet. In 1986, the IUCN estimated there remained in between 425 in addition to 800 Sumatran rhinocerouses were left. By 2009, the International Rhinocerous Framework estimated its populace had really decreased to as number of as 250 individuals.

Today, they approximate much less than 80 Sumatran rhinocerouses are left, which number can be as decreased as 30 individuals that live throughout 4 fragmented national parks.

While the Sumatran rhinocerous populations today continue reducing due to loss of setting in addition to poaching, the species has really lengthy hopped on the side of discontinuation. A research study from Existing Biology estimated that simply 700 individuals were left after substantial setting changes relating to 9,000 years previously in addition to have really fought to rebound because.

Sumatran Rhinocerous Predators

Due to its large size, the Sumatran rhinoceros’ simply real awesome in the wild are massive wild cats such as tigers that will definitely take advantage of the Sumatran rhinocerous calf bone bones in addition to weak individuals. With the Sumatran Tiger numbering no above 500 individuals throughout the island in addition to apart right into little, apart pockets, its experiences with Sumatran rhinocerouses today are probably uncommon.

Individuals are the biggest threat to the Sumatran rhinoceros as they have really been sought to the side of discontinuation for their horns.

Sumatran Rhinocerous Entertainment in addition to Life cycle

The female Sumatran rhinoceros gives birth to a singular calf bone after a pregnancy period that mores than a year long (concerning 15- 16 months). The Sumatran rhinoceros calf bone remains to be with its mom till it mosts likely to the extremely the very least 2 years old in addition to big adequate to wind up being independent.

The lengthiest making it via Sumatran rhinocerous in chains is estimated to be around 35 years of ages, given that 2020. It is assumed that in the wild, Sumatran rhinocerouses can live to relating to 45 years of ages.

Sumatran Rhinos in Zoos

In 1984 a program to capture in addition to duplicate Sumatran rhinocerouses was presented. Unfortunately, of the 46 captured for recreating features simply 5 are still to life today, in addition to simply 4 calf bone bones were birthed in addition to make it via today. The last Sumatran rhinocerous in the Western hemisphere– 8- years of age Harapan– was gone back to Indonesia from the Cincinnati Zoo in 2015.

Sumatran Rhinocerous Truths

  • Among one of the most primitive rhinocerous
    • The Sumatran rhinocerous is the last making it via individual of the Dicerorhinini group which developed concerning 20 million years previously! It is thought of the closest living concerning Wooly rhinocerouses that went disappeared concerning 8,000 years previously.
  • Disappeared in Malaysia
    • No explorations of the Northern Sumatran rhinocerous, which when lived on landmass Asia have really been seen due to the fact that 2007. In 2019, the Sumatran rhinocerous was mentioned disappeared in Malaysia.
  • Hope in Borneo: The extremely initial exploration in 40 years!
    • After above 40 years without an exploration in Indonesian Borneo, a Sumatran rhinocerous was captured in addition to proposed security in addition to recreating features. The uncommon exploration shows exactly how remote of locations Sumatran rhinocerouses remain in. However, it’s still unclear if an useful recreating populace withstands on the island.
  • Merely 1/4 the measurement of the white rhinocerous!
    • As the greatest of the rhinocerous species, the White rhinocerous can think about as high as 7,920 extra pounds (3,600 kg). Relative, Sumatran rhinocerouses think about as high as 1,760 extra pounds (800 kg), or relating to a quarter the weight! It is assumed the Northern Sumatran rhinocerous that when roamed from India to Malaysia was larger, yet with it believed to be disappeared, simply the smaller sized subspecies of Sumatran rhinocerouses making it via in Indonesia remain today.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals

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