Sumatran Elephant

Sumatran Elephant Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Elephas Maximus Sumatranus
Sumatran Elephant Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black
55 – 70 years
Top speed
27 mph
3,000kg – 5,000kg (6,500lbs – 11,000lbs)
Sumatran Elephant Distribition

” Much less than 2,000 left in the wild!”

This is the tiniest subspecies of Asian elephants. They are belonging to Sumatra Island, among the Sunda Islands, in Indonesia. Coming from the Elephantidae family, they are amongst the biggest animals ashore. Sumatran elephants are extremely smart animals and they likewise have an exceptional memory. Elephants require great deals of acreage to flourish and like lowland atmospheres.

5 Sumatran Elephant Realities

  • Due To The Fact That they are so hefty, elephants are unable to leap or do various other tasks that need all 4 feet to be off the ground at once.
  • This species has 20 sets of ribs
  • This animal can add to 27mph
  • The female of the species seldom has tusks If they do, they are little and concealed.
  • Sumatran Elephants grieve the loss of others.

Sumatran Elephant Scientific name

The scientific name of this animal is Elephas Maximus Sumatranus
It belongs to the Elephantidae family and the mammalia class.

The Sumatran elephant is a subspecies of the Asian elephant. The Greek word elephas describes cream color or tusks. Maximus is a Latin acceptation “the best.”

Associated species: The Borneo Elephant, the Indian Elephant, and the Sri Lankan Elephant are all subspecies of Asian elephant much like the Sumatran elephant.
Various other species in the elephantidae family: African Shrub Elephant and African Forest Elephant
Various other relevant species: Sumatran Rhinoceros

Sumatran Elephant Appearance

Sumatran elephants are grey in shade and are virtually hairless. Contrasted to African elephants, their ears are smaller sized and have an extra spherical form. Males have actually little tusks contrasted to various other elephant species, while the females might not have any type of whatsoever. Sumatran elephants have a lengthy trunk with numerous features. The light grey shade can serve as camouflage in their atmosphere. They can expand to be around 10- and- a- half feet high and regarding 20 feet long. These elephants can get to a weight of in between 4,400 and 8,800 extra pounds. At the heaviest, that has to do with the exact same weight as 2- and- a- half autos.

The Elephant’s Trunk

One of the most popular function of an elephant is their trunk. They utilize this one-of-a-kind body organ in various means. One usage is to absorb water and after that put it right into their mouth to consume alcohol. An elephant’s trunk can be made use of to scent, take a breath, shower, get hold of points, and trumpet to connect. The Sumatran elephant’s trunk has greater than 60,000 muscle mass.

The trunk of the Sumatran elephant is used for smell, breathing, trumpeting and grabbing things.

leolintang/Shutterstock. com

Sumatran Elephant Actions

Elephants are very social animals and stay in teams. A team of elephants is called a herd. Herds are commonly composed of females and their calf bones, 20- 35 people. Elephants share a close bond with the participants of their herd. A matriarch, the earliest female, leads the herd.

Elephants likewise utilize infrasound, which is reduced- regularity appears that are listed below what humans can listen to. They are delicate to these audios and likewise utilize it to connect. Just a handful of animals have this capability.

Sumatran Elephant Environment

Sumatran elephants, among 3 subspecies of Asian elephants, live in the wild just in Indonesia, on the Island of Sumatra. They like damp jungle atmospheres. They will certainly likewise take a trip to rivers and hillsides, depending upon their demands. Sumatran elephants have thick skin to safeguard them from severe weather condition and injuries. Elephants are necessary to a healthy and balanced community. When they excrete, they distribute seeds around, aiding to expand plants and restore woodlands. Regrettably, a lot of their all-natural environment has actually been ruined by logging and human advancement for farming.

Sumatran Elephant Diet

Sumatran elephants are herbivores for that reason, their diet mostly includes fallen leaves, yard, and fruit. They will certainly likewise eat bark and seeds. Their diet includes over 100 species of plants and greenery. They invest a great deal of time consuming. They can consume to 150 kg of food (regarding the typical weight of a grown-up panda) and approximately 200 litres of water a day. That amounts to over 52 one- gallon milk containers.

Sumatran Elephant Predators and Risks

Elephants normally have couple of predators, besides humans, because of their plus size. Nevertheless, young elephants in some cases drop victim to the Sumatran tiger. Tigers will certainly target infant elephants that are little sufficient to strike or that roam from the herd. The Sumatran tiger is likewise endangered.

Poaching is an additional hazard presented to these animals. Elephants are searched for their cream color tusks. Although there are restrictions versus poaching, it continues to be a risk particularly to male Sumatran elephants. Logging and advancement likewise play a considerable duty in the decrease of the Sumatran elephant population. Ranches for hand oil and farmlands are several of the major issues for these animals. This causes environment loss and can create migratory courses to be removed, making it tough for the elephants to navigate and basically separating the area’s environment right into much smaller sized, removed locations. This is called fragmentation and has a huge effect on the population.

Sumatran Elephants’ conservation status is seriously endagered.
Preservation initiatives being made by Globe Wild animals Fund consist of “lowering human- elephant problem” and “safeguarding healthy and balanced woodlands.” WWF created a groundbreaking program called the “Elephant Traveling Team,” which they utilize experienced elephants to patrol and basically maintain them divide from humans. Elephants will typically locate neighboring ranches or plants, and they will certainly squash plants and eat humans’ harvests. Maintaining the elephants far from these locations can conserve both animal lives and human lives. You can discover more regarding preservation initiatives and what you can do to assist below. You can also “take on” an elephant and belong of the remedy. Certainly, you will not essentially possess an elephant, however your contributions will certainly make a distinction.

Discover More regarding one of the most endangered species worldwide below.

Sumatran Elephant Reproduction, Children, and Life-span

Man Sumatran elephants, called bulls, manage a problem called “musth” throughout mating period. They have a greater degree of testosterone that drives their breeding reactions. It resembles a dog entering into warm or a rut in deer. The bulls come to be hostile and will certainly deal with various other males to mate with a female. A grown-up female elephant is called a cow. When expectant, the gestation duration for a Sumatran elephant is in between 18 and 22 months. Cows offer real-time birth, and the typical clutter dimension is one, although they bring doubles extremely seldom. The birth procedure of an elephant is extremely fast. It normally just takes around 10 secs. Contrasted to humans, that is exceptionally quick. The typical birth weight of a Sumatran elephant is 100kg. That’s about 220.5 extra pounds as a baby, equal to 30 blocks.

A child elephant is called a calf bone. It remains with the mom elephant for regarding 5 years, when it is discouraged and large sufficient to be by itself. A calf bone makes it through on its mom’s milk up until it is old sufficient to eat foods such as yard and leaves. Commonly, female calf bones remain with the herd, while males go off by themselves after getting to sex-related maturation.

Child Sumatran elephants can depend on their legs just 10 to half an hour after birth, which resembles Giraffe calf bones, that can likewise depend on their very own within half an hour of being birthed.

Sumatran elephants commonly live to be in between 60 and 70 years of ages however have actually been understood to measure up to 75 years in bondage. After age 60, female elephants no more replicate.

Sumatran Elephant Population

There are in between 2,400 and 2,800 Sumatran elephants staying worldwide. In the wild, particularly in Asia, there are much less than 2,00 Sumatran Elephants in 25 fragmented environments. The staying elephants are staying in bondage.

The population remains to decrease and remains in hazard of ending up being extinct. The Sumatran elephant is thought about seriously endangered right now according to the International Union for the Preservation of Nature (IUCN). If the population remains to decrease as anticipated, Sumatran elephants will certainly quickly be extinct in the wild. As a matter of fact, they might be entered as low as three decades.

Sumatran Elephants In the Zoo

You can see Sumatran elephants at Australia Zoo. You can also schedule a personal experience.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals

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