Sucker Fish

Found in rivers & streams across America!
Sucker Fish Scientific Classification
Sucker Fish Physical Characteristics
Bigmouth buffalo can live up to 112 years!
Maximum of 80 pounds (bigmouth buffalo)
Sucker Fish Distribition

Sucker fish originated from the family Catostomidae and likewise stay in freshwater environments throughout the world. It’s assumed that sucker fish originally proceeded regarding 50 million years back and likewise today above 79 species have really been established.

Although sucker fish are bony fish, they have really generally been an important food source and likewise can be found in streams and likewise rivers throughout not simply America, yet in addition numerous other countries such as China.

Sucker fish are numerous from the species Hypostomus plecostomus, which is often called the ‘suckermouth catfish.’ The species is often made use of in aquarium and likewise is consistently called the ‘custodian fish’ as it cleans algae build up.

Remoras are another fish family often informally called ‘sucker fish’ numerous thanks to their sucker- like body organ that allow them to attach to big water animals like sharks.

S ucker Fish Truths

  • Prolonged- living fish: A suckerfish called the bigmouth buffalo ( Ictiobus cyprinellus) is believed to be the lengthiest living freshwater fish on the planet! A study that made use of carbon dating estimated one bigmouth buffalo fish lived to be 112 years old!

S ucker Fish Classification and likewiseScientific Name

Suckerfish originate from the order Cypriniformes and likewise the family Catostomidae. Given that November 2020, there are 79 specified species throughout 13 classification.

Circumstances of scientific names for sure sucker fish species includes:.

  • Black redhorse: Moxostoma duquesni
  • White sucker: Catostomus comm

And likewise particular generas contain:.

  • Carpiodes
  • Catostomus
  • Chasmistes
  • Cycleptus
  • Deltistes
  • Erimyzon
  • Hypentelium
  • Ictiobus
  • Minytrema
  • Moxostroma
  • Myxocyprinus
  • Thoburnia
  • Xyauchen

Species ofSucker Fish

With 79 established species, there is a substantial amount of range throughout sucker fish species. Numerous of among one of the most well- recognized contain:.


The white sucker is found in streams and likewise lakes throughout the Mississippi site. Generally a smaller sized sucker species reviewing bit above 2 additional pounds, white fools have really occasionally reached measurements of 8 additional pounds. Lots of many thanks to its big distribution, the white sucker remains in some situations called the ‘common sucker.’.

White Sucker Fish
RLS Photo/Shutterstock. com.

River Redhorse

River redhose are another sucker fish that was as quickly as instead common throughout the Mississippi site. Nonetheless, in existing years their variety has really reduced. While ‘redhorse’ is often understood fools in locations, there are a range of numerous species with ‘redhose’ in their name. Numerous various other circumstances contain the gold redhorse, silver redhorse, shorthead redhorse, and likewise greater redhorse.

Blue Fools

Idea Around Near Threatened by the IUCN. Like numerous other sucker fish, their populace appears reducing as an outcome of contamination and likewise dam structure and building and construction that has really influenced their picked environments.

Sucker Fish Appearance

Sucker fish can broaden to be about pertaining to 3 feet (1 meter) long. Most of species remain in between 1 to 2 feet. The largest species of sucker fish is the bigmouth buffalo, which can reach an optimum of 79 additional pounds (36 kg). A circumstances of a smaller sized sucker species would definitely be paradise sucker, which has a regular mass of 5.5 additional pounds.

The name ‘fools’ is stemmed from their lips, which are thick and likewise aid the fish hang on to all- time lows of streams and likewise numerous other freshwater atmospheres.

Sucker Fish Distribution, Setting, and likewise Target

The big mass of sucker fish species stay in freshwater streams and likewise lakes throughout the United States and likewise The USA And Canada. They can be specifically common in slower relocating networks of rivers or in containers. Past The USA and Canada, fish in the Catostomidae family can be found in Russia and likewise a singular species stays in China.

Fools are lower fish and likewise endure on an omnivorous diet. They’ll eat algae, zooplankton, insects, small invertebrates, shellfishes, and likewise plants.

S ucker Fish Predators

Smaller sized sucker fish are manipulated by larger fish such as trout, bass, catfish, and likewise walleye. Species such as the buffalo fish that can reach larger measurements are usually not preyed upon as quickly as entirely broadened.

S ucker Fish in Fishing & & & Cooking

Sucker fish were a dietary staple for earlier globes, particularly throughout America where Aboriginal Americans fished for this typically used and likewise numerous species.

Today, consumption of sucker fish varies. Smaller sized species like the white sucker are often made use of as appeal. Larger sucker species need to be extensively cleaned to remove bones. When washed, fools are often fried. The meat is often described as positive and likewise tasty.


  1. John Paxton, William Eschmeyer (1970) Encyclopedia of Fishes
  2. Animal Diversity Web, Available here:
  3. Springfield News-Leader, Available here:

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