Strawberry Hermit Crab

When strawberry hermit crabs find shells that are larger than their own, they gather in a line from biggest to smallest. Once the biggest one sheds its shell, the next one in line will claim it, which is repeated down the line.
Strawberry Hermit Crab Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Coenobita perlatus
Strawberry Hermit Crab Physical Characteristics
Red, White
25 years in the wild
2.5 to 3.5 ounces
Strawberry Hermit Crab Distribition

The strawberry hermit crab comes from the Coenobitidae family, that includes the coconut crab. They are called after their renowned red- orange pigmentation.

Strawberry hermit crabs take place mostly in the Indo- Pacific from Indonesia to Mauritius and the Great Obstacle Coral Reef. They mainly live in seaside locations with accessibility to salt water, which assists with osmoregulation and breathing.

These crabs acquire their coverings from aquatic gastropods, which they make use of to safeguard their flexible abdominal area. Furthermore, the covering safeguards them from drying or shock and guards body organs like the gonads and liver. They are nighttime animals like their large relative, the coconut crab.

3 Impressive Strawberry Hermit Crab  Truths

  • Strawberry hermit crabs are sought for residence fish tanks as a result of their little dimension and eye-catching tinting
  • They utilize their olfactory antennae to find water, food, and friends by catching smells from the bordering air.
  • These crabs live long in the wild, in between 25 to three decades. Nonetheless, in bondage, their life expectancy is really brief and just varies in between 1 to 5 years.

Strawberry Hermit Crab Scientific Name

The strawberry hermit crab’s scientific name is Coenobita perlatus, and they come from the Order Decapoda, which consists of greater than 8000 species of shellfishes in this order, and consists of:

  • Shrimps
  • Crayfish
  • Hermit crabs
  • Crabs
  • Lobsters

They have 5 sets of thoracic legs, which is where the name decapod ( Greek for “10 legs”). Nonetheless, participants differ substantially in dimension and variety.

Strawberry hermit crabs are participants of the Family Coenobitidae, that includes 17 species in 2 category. They are land crabs that mainly live in exotic and supratidal locations. With the exception of the coconut crab, they all protect their soft abdominal area with a molluscan covering or any type of hollow receptacle they can locate. As a matter of fact, on the Solomon Islands, they creep right into vacant cartridge instances left over from The second world war.

Various Other Sorts Of Hermit Crabs

There are a number of kinds of hermit crabs, with one of the most well- recognized being:

Caribbean crab ( Coenobita clypeatus )

The Caribbean crab passes numerous names like the West Atlantic crab, soldier crab, tree crab, and purple pincher. They are land crabs that live in the Bahamas, west Atlantic, Belize, Venezuela, Virgin Islands, Florida, and the West Indies.

Grownup Caribbean crabs typically conceal under the origins of big trees and can be discovered fairly some range inland. Similar to various other earthbound crabs, they take in air with customized gills. Furthermore, their coverings help in preserving moisture degrees and assist gas exchange feature correctly.

Ecuadorian crab ( Coenobita compressus) 

The Ecuadorian crab is among the tiniest species of land hermit crab, gauging just 0.47 inches in size

They have one big pincer, one tiny pincer, and 4 legs and antennae. Individuals maintain Ecuadorian crabs as pets, and they are really energetic. Ecuadorian crabs are incredibly quick pedestrians, also quicker than Caribbean hermit crabs.

Land Hermit Crab ( Coenobita cavipes)

Land hermit crabs have a tendency to live near to the coastline since they require accessibility to both land and water. They have actually lately ended up being fashionable fish tank pets however do not reproduce in bondage, so they are gathered from their all-natural environments, which is harmful to their population dimension.

The land hermit is an omnivore and scavenger. These crabs are not choosy eaters and will normally eat anything they can locate. Nonetheless, they do not take in previous locals of their coverings.

Ruggies ( Coenobita rugosus)

Ruggies are land hermit crabs that stem from Indonesia, the eastern African shore, Australia, and the southwest Pacific. They live near to coastlines however can be discovered approximately 300m from the coastline. Ruggies favor to live in dune, mangroves, and sandy locations since they can not swim.

They do enter into the water however can just remain there for short durations. Ruggies utilize this time around to dampen their gills and to shower. Nonetheless, if they invest way too much time undersea, they can sink. If they can not access water, they make use of the fluid from wet dirt or food to damp their lungs.

Strawberry Hermit Crab Appearance

It is truly very easy to determine the strawberry hermit crab as a result of its orange- red pigmentation. They are taken into consideration to be one of the most eye-catching crab of their genus.

Grown-up strawberry anchorites are typically intense red with white areas covering their bodies, with a pure white abdominal area. Their eyes are mainly brownish; nevertheless, often, they are grey or deep black.

Juveniles are a lighter orange to red shade. Nonetheless, once they begin to expand, their shade progressively transforms to dynamic red. Furthermore, they have white spotting on their legs that discolors as they age, providing the label “sweet walking cane crabs.”

Strawberry hermit crabs are just one of the bigger species of their genus and can mature to 6 inches long. Nonetheless, their ordinary size is 3- 4 inches, and they can evaluate in between 2.5 and 3.5 ounces.

A strawberry hermit crab in profile
You can determine a strawberry hermit crab by its orange- red pigmentation.

Lauren Suryanata/Shutterstock. com

Enjoyable Truth

When strawberry hermit crabs locate coverings that are bigger than their very own, they collect straight from largest to tiniest. When the largest one drops its covering, the following one in line will certainly declare it, which is duplicated down the line.

Strawberry Hermit Crab Actions

These vibrant crabs like to maintain hectic and delight in discovering their environments by climbing up, delving, and roaming, mainly in the evening. Nonetheless, they are energetic throughout the day however are mainly nighttime. This is since they stand a much better possibility of staying clear of predators at night.

As pets, they are really untidy and will certainly reposition virtually every little thing in their storage tank within hrs. They succeed in teams since they are social animals and are usually seen toppling over each various other. Furthermore, they regularly have feeler battles and pressing competitions, which is a chance to scent each various other.

When they are intimidated or intend to remainder, they will certainly pull back right into their gastropod covering and, when in bondage, could strike a storage tank companion with its pincers.

Coverings are a warm product in a strawberry hermit crab’s globe and their most cherished belongings. So, normally, they contest coverings, usually shedding them while doing so. Throughout these unstable experiences, they make a tweeting sound.

Strawberry Hermit Crab Environment

Strawberry hermit crabs are aboriginal to exotic and subtropical locations. They are commonly dispersed throughout the Indo Pacific in position like:

  • Seychelles
  • African Islands
  • Aldabra
  • Madagascar
  • Gambier Islands
  • Gonin and Yaeyama Isalnds
  • Japan
  • Australia

They are normally discovered along shorelines on reduced balconies, within close distance to the sea. It’s really unusual for strawberry hermit crabs to endeavor inland as a result of their dependence on seawater.

Strawberry Hermit Crab Diet

Strawberry hermit crabs obtain their dynamic coloring from their diet regimens. For that reason, they require food with high quantities of carotene, which is an all-natural pigment discovered in numerous plants, animals, fruit, and veggies.

These crabs are omnivores, indicating they require meat and plant- based food for a healthy and balanced and well balanced diet. Their diet typically contains:

  • Algae
  • Cleaned- up fish
  • Mollusks
  • Various other invertebrates
  • Earthbound plants

Strawberry Hermit Crab Predators and Hazards

As a result of their little bodies, strawberry hermit crabs drop target to numerous animals. Nonetheless, their primary predators consist of:

  • Fish
  • Seagulls
  • Real crabs
  • Octopus

Their largest dangers more than collection for the pet profession and air pollution. Nonetheless, there is no information on their population dimension, and they are not noted on IUCN’s Redlist.

Strawberry Hermit Crab Reproduction, Children, and Life Expectancy

Strawberry hermit crabs have a lengthy life expectancy in the wild and can live for 25 to three decades. Yet however, in bondage, they just live in between 1 to 5 years.

This is since it’s tough to reproduce their all-natural environment, and they require a normal supply of salt water, which is difficult to preserve. For that reason, they do not reproduce in bondage. So, the pet profession depends exclusively on wild- captured species.

No noticeable differences in between males and females make it tough to inform them apart. The only means to inform them apart is the visibility of genital openings in females.

Male strawberry hermit crabs start breeding by delicately touching and shaking the covering of females, which coaxes them ahead out of their coverings.

Females lug countless eggs inside their coverings and endeavor to the sea to launch them. The eggs hatch out right into planktonic aquatic larvae. These larvae require seawater to create and make it through and are really receptive to light.

Strawberry Hermit Crab Population

However, there is no offered details on document regarding the strawberry hermit crab’s population dimension.

Strawberry Hermit Crab as a Pet

Having a strawberry hermit crab in your house fish tank is no very easy job. They have really details needs that, otherwise satisfied, can trigger casualties. Their primary requirements are a sizable, tidy, arranged storage tank and to resemble their all-natural environment as long as feasible.

Fish Tank Dimension

Just having one strawberry hermit crab will certainly be harmful to their wellness. They should remain in sets however having 2 or 3 indicates a bigger storage tank (at the very least 30 gallons). These crabs require all this area since they are so energetic and like to creep around a great deal. Furthermore, they are likewise miners and mountain climbers. As an example, in the wild, they can take a trip a number of miles in a couple of hrs.

If placed in a little storage tank, they will certainly come to be hostile and strike each various other, creating tension and lowering their life expectancy.


Strawberry hermit crabs can not make it through without salt water and require a consistent supply for survival. Nonetheless, they likewise require fresh water periodically.

Their storage tank will certainly constantly require a dish of seawater and fresh water. These bowls require sufficient water for the strawberry hermit to totally immerse itself (typically a couple of inches deep).

There is no requirement to take a trip to the sea each time seawater is required. Rather, Immediate Sea Marine Salt will certainly work and will not spend a lot. Please keep in mind that easy fish tank salt or common salt ought to never ever be made use of!

Freshwater ought to constantly be distilled or bottled sparkling water. Faucet water consists of chlorine, which is poisonous however can be made use of if it’s entrusted to age for 1 day.

Any kind of compounds including chloramine, chlorine, and impurities should be gotten rid of from the water prior to being included in the fish tank, and the water has to be transformed every 2 to 3 days.

Temperature Level

Due to the fact that strawberry hermit crabs are chilly- blooded, their body temperature level differs with their setting. This indicates they depend upon an exterior warm resource because they do not manage their warm equilibrium.

The most effective temperature level for strawberry hermit crabs is 80 ° F; nevertheless, their temperature level can vary in between 75– 84 ° F, which is what they experience in their all-natural environment.


Moisture is a significant consider the strawberry hermit crab’s survival. This is since they are really prone to variations in moisture. Preferably, it ought to be 80% all the time; nevertheless, anything over 70% will certainly function as well.

Although they survive land as a result of their customized gills, in order to take a breath, they require to maintain their gills moist. Moisture help in decreasing the dehydration price.


The fish tank requires wet sand so the strawberry hermit crab can tunnel. When below the sand, you should not dig them up!

The sand has to constantly perspire so the crabs can develop a cavern. Nonetheless, it can not be as well damp, creating damp swimming pools of water. Great choices are:

  • Swimming Pool- filler sand
  • Play sand
  • All- objective sand

To prepare the sand, location it in a pail and make use of a pipe to spray it down. Next off, the excess water will certainly drain of the pail and will certainly be gloomy initially. Eventually, the water will certainly begin to run clear; that’s when it awaits usage.


Even if strawberry hermit crabs are nighttime does not suggest they do not require lights. For that reason, they require unique light and basking light bulbs. Nonetheless, guarantee the result is not as well warm; or else, the storage tank can get too hot, which will certainly hurt the anchorites.

These crabs have actually required to UVB lights; this might be because of them setting off vitamin D manufacturing. These light bulbs ought to be changed two times a year.


Strawberry hermit crabs are really energetic and require a great deal of excitement. For that reason, including products like driftwood or all-natural creeping plants would certainly be valuable.


These crabs love participants of the very same species. Nonetheless, various other animals make great storage tank friends, as well; they consist of:

  • Geckos
  • Lizards
  • Salamanders
  • Newts

Up Following

  • Hermit Crab
  • Discover the Largest Hermit Crabs (One is 3 Feet Long!)
  • Vampire Crab



  1. Aquariadise, Available here:,wild%2C%20strawberry%20hermits%20are%20omnivores.
  2. Tetiaroasociety, Available here:
  3. Wikipedia, Available here:
  4. Aquarium Breeder, Available here:

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