Spanish Mastiff

Diego Velázquez’s famous 17th century painting of the Infanta and her dwarves includes a portrait of a Spanish Mastiff.
Spanish Mastiff Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Canis lupus
Spanish Mastiff Physical Characteristics
Yellow, Fawn, Red, Black, Brindle
10 to 12 years
220 lbs.
Spanish Mastiff Distribition

Diego Velázquez’s well-known 17th- century paint of the Infanta and her dwarves consists of a picture of aSpanish Mastiff

The background of the Spanish Mastiff returns 1,100 years to the 10th century when guards started utilizing them to safeguard moving herds versus grey wolves and various otherpredators Spanish Mastiffs are effective pooches with lengthy legs, hefty bones, and muscle bodies, however they have remarkably accommodating personalities. In their homeland Spain, they are likewise referred to as the Mastín Español and Mastín de España. The American Kennel Club identifies these pooches as functioning dogs.

While these dogs are great- natured and extremely smart, they can be tough to educate since they’re strongly encouraged that they are truth alphas of any type of team they remain in, and it can be tough to disabuse them of this idea. Therefore, they do not make terrific pets for very first- time dog proprietors. Spanish Mastiffs are Spain’s nationwide dog; about 24,000 of them stay in their indigenous nation, however there aren’t many of these dogs outside Spain.

3 Pros and Cons of Possessing Spanish Mastiff

Pros! Cons!
They’re incredibly caring: Spanish Mastiffs enjoy their human family members. Anticipate this dog to follow you all over and to secure you versus anything she or he considers a risk. They’re forgiving of various other home pets, also, if they know with those pets. They salivate a great deal: All mastiffs salivate greater than various other dogs since saliva has a tendency to build up in their extra-large dewlaps. The Spanish Mastiff is more than likely to slobber after workout, or after consuming or consuming. Maintain a tidy dustcloth convenient in all times.
They’re really tranquil: These dogs are so laid- back that it’s very easy to reject them as careless. This is not really the instance, however. You’ll be surprised by exactly how fast and dexterous they can be when you’re playing catch with them or if they notice something they view as a risk to their liked ones. They inhabit a great deal of room: Spanish Mastiffs allow dogs. Also when they get on their ideal actions, their massive dimension can present a threat to kids, the senior, and the handicapped. If you stay in an apartment, this is not the pet for you.
They make terrific guard dogs: They do not bark a great deal, however that does not suggest they’re out the hunt for anything that may potentially threat their proprietor. With this large canine at hand, you can stroll the roads at 3 a.m. without anxiety. They lost a great deal: These dogs have thick dual layers, which they lost two times a year in the springtime and the loss. If you’re trying to find a hypoallergenic pet, think about an additional type.
Spanish Mastiff with a herd of sheep.
Spanish Mastiff with a herd of sheep.

Spanish Mastiff Dimension and Weight

Spanish Mastiffs are massive dogs. Men stand 30 to 35 inches high and evaluate anywhere in between 160 and 220 extra pounds. Grown-up females are substantially smaller sized; they vary in elevation in between 28 and 35 inches, and they evaluate in between 110 and 170 extra pounds.

Pups are simply under an extra pound when they are birthed, however if they get correct nourishment, they expand promptly. By 3 weeks old, males might evaluate as long as 15 extra pounds, and females might evaluate as long as 13 extra pounds. By 6 months old, males might evaluate as long as 100 extra pounds, and females might evaluate as long as 90 extra pounds. These dogs commonly reach their grown-up elevation and weight in between 12 and 18 months old.

Elevation (Male) 35″ Tall
Elevation (Female) 35″ Tall
Weight (male) 200 lbs., totally expanded
Weight (female) 170 lbs., totally expanded

Spanish Mastiff Usual Health And Wellness Issues

The normal life expectancy of these dogs is 10 to 12 years. Excessive weight can be a considerable concern with these pooches, specifically if you do not resolve carrying out a healthy and balanced consuming regimen with your pet while she or he is a young puppy. You do not intend to motivate these dogs to ask for table scraps.

Like various other big dogs, they are vulnerable to bone and joint issues that consist of hip dysplasia and joint dysplasia. Premature dogs can likewise be impacted by eosinophilic panosteitis, which is an uncomfortable swelling of the lengthy bones in the legs. If this problem starts, you’ll start seeing it when your young puppy is in between 6 and 10 months old. While eosinophilic panosteitis does not create irreversible damages, it can be incredibly uncomfortable and create your dog to stroll with a hopping stride.

Since they salivate a lot, they are likewise vulnerable to creating oral condition. If you have this type, it is definitely vital to clean your dog’s teeth frequently in your home and to bring him or her to the veterinarian for routine teeth cleansings.

  • Excessive Weight
  • Hip and joint dysplasia
  • Eosinophilic panosteitis
  • Oral condition

Spanish Mastiff Personality

These dogs have peaceful, smooth personalities. Their characters are really unwinded as long as they do not seem like they need to contend for their proprietor’s focus. Territoriality is a solid actions characteristic in them, nonetheless. While they can be interacted socially to share the roost with an additional dog and even a cat, they like not to. They do best as just dogs.

Though caring and faithful, Spanish Mastiffs are independent dogs. They do not mind spending quality time on their own. They’re really smart, and this suggests that if they are not educated well, they might misbehave if they’re off delighting in time by themselves. They normally presume that they’re the leader of the pack, and it depends on you as the proprietor to show them in different ways.

Exactly How To Deal With Spanish Mastiffs

Due to their substantial dimension, these dogs have actually some specialized demands when it concerns diet and workout. Their brief, thick dual layers need some certain kinds of focus also. Below are some suggestions for the kinds of treatment that will certainly maintain your dog healthy and balanced and satisfied.

The Very Best Dog Food for Spanish Mastiffs

These dogs commonly eat 4 mugs of high- high quality kibble a day. As large dogs, they tend towards bloat, so it’s best to split their feedings up right into at the very least 2 dishes a day. Since they are vulnerable to oral problems, absolutely select completely dry dog food in contrast to wet/canned.

A- Z Animals really feels the most effective dog food for Spanish Mastiffs is Eukanuba Grownup Huge Type Lamb 1st Active Ingredient Grownup Dry Dog Food.

Developed particularly for large dogs, this lamb dish likewise has additional chicken active ingredients supplying all-natural glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate. Along with calcium and phosphorus (which likewise assist with oral health and wellness), these nutrients contribute in creating and keeping strong joints. Given that this kibble is healthy protein- abundant and consists of healthy and balanced grains for fiber, it’ll please your dog so it will not eat way too much. Likewise, the crispy appearance and unique form assistance eliminate tartar and plaque for much healthier teeth and periodontals.

Try Eukanuba Grownup Lamb dog food, offered on Chewy or Amazon.

Best for Huge Type

Eukanuba Adult Large Breed Dry Dog Food

Eukanuba Grownup Huge Type Dry Dog Food

  • Grownup big type completely dry dog food for big type dogs 15 months or older, evaluating over 55 pound.
  • Advertises lean muscular tissue advancement and joint health and wellness in energetic grown-up dogs with a mix of animal healthy protein, chondroitin sulfate, and glucosamine.
  • Aids maintain dogs sharp and sustains healthy and balanced mind feature with DHA and vitamin E.
  • Gas an energetic way of life with ideal degrees of fats and carbs.

Examine Chewy

Examine Amazon

Spanish Mastiff Upkeep And Pet Grooming

These dogs have a thick, tool- size dual layer and are vulnerable to dropping. If you do not intend to include dog hair to your interior designing plan, they require to be cleaned strongly at the very least two times a week with a pin brush and a steel comb. Throughout the springtime and loss, when they lost their layers, you might require to clean them daily.

Their nails are solid and expand promptly, so you’ll require to cut them frequently to stop overgrowth and splitting. Their lengthy, level ears require to be looked for termites and cleaned up frequently, also. As an extreme drooler, this type is vulnerable to oral condition, so cleaning your dog’s teeth numerous times a week is very advised.

Spanish Mastiff Training

They are really clever dogs, however training can be a difficulty, specifically for unskilled dog proprietors. These dogs like to believe on their own, and they’re really persistent. You’ll require to start training and socializing tasks early and enhance that training throughout their grown-up life expectancy. Socializing is specifically crucial since its plus size suggests that it can create damages without planning to. Spanish Mastiffs react best to favorable support. They’re specifically encouraged by deals with.

Spanish Mastiff Workout

Regardless of their dimension, Spanish Mastiffs are low- power dogs. Entrusted to their very own gadgets, a number of them would happily pass up workout. A liable Spanish Mastiff proprietor will certainly not permit this, however. Intend on taking your dog for at the very least one 45- min stroll a day. Spanish Mastiffs are most energetic in their young their adult years, so they might require extra workout throughout this time around.

Spanish Mastiff Pups

Spanish Mastiffs maintain a number of their young puppy- like actions well right into the 3rd year of their lives. They commonly have big trashes of approximately 10 pups, and given that they just evaluate one extra pound at birth, dog breeders need to take certain like protect against a mom from accidentally squashing and wounding her dogs. It’s incredibly crucial to feed a young puppy specifically developed food to ensure that she or he does not expand also quick, which will certainly position too much stress on their joints.

Spanish Mastiff puppy lying in the grass
Spanish Mastiff young puppy depending on the lawn.

Utekhina Anna/Shutterstock. com

Spanish Mastiff vs English Mastiff

The Spanish Mastiff has a much longer, larger layer than the English Mastiff, and its face and dewlaps are not as greatly wrinkled. English Mastiffs likewise often tend to have longer, a lot more pigmented muzzles. Whereas the English Mastiff was initially reproduced to be a battling dog, the Spanish Mastiff was reproduced to secure animals versus predators.

Spanish Mastiff And Kids

These dogs enjoy kids, and kids enjoySpanish Mastiffs Issues develop, nonetheless, when your dog neglects exactly how large it is and mistakenly creates a child injury. This is just one of the reasons that socializing is so crucial for this type. Despite having a well- interacted socially Spanish Mastiff, it’s best never ever to leave them without supervision around kids more youthful than one decade old.

Dogs similar to Spanish Mastiffs

Great Danes, Neapolitan Mastiffs, and Tibetan Mastiffs share qualities alike with these dogs.

  • Great Danes: Like Spanish Mastiffs, Great Danes have caring natures and salivate a great deal. Though they allow dogs and come up to Spanish Mastiffs in elevation, they just evaluate concerning fifty percent what a Spanish Mastiff considers. Their life-spans are significantly much shorter than the life-spans of Spanish Mastiffs.
  • Neapolitan Mastiffs: Neapolitan Mastiffs are equally as large and evaluate equally as long asSpanish Mastiffs They’re significantly a lot more hostile, nonetheless.
  • Tibetan Mastiffs: Tibetan Mastiffs aren’t fairly as big asSpanish Mastiffs Though they were reproduced to secure animals, DNA research studies have actually validated that they’re not real mastiffs however even more very closely pertaining to mountain dogs like St. Bernards.

Famous Spanish Mastiff

The star Viggo Mortensen possesses a Spanish Mastiff called Alatriste.

Look at these names for your dog:

  • Diego
  • Felix
  • Pablo
  • Dulcinea
  • Esperanza
  • Estrella


  1. Dog Time, Available here:
  2. Wag Walking, Available here:
  3. American Kennel Club, Available here:
  4. Aubrey Animal Medical Center, Available here:
  5. Wikipedia, Available here:
  6. The Happy Puppy Site, Available here:
  7. American Kennel Association, Available here:
  8. Mastiff Guide, Available here:

Relate animals

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

They are one of the oldest breeds of guinea pig

Ackie Monitor

The ackie monitor has a spiny tail which it uses as in self-defense.


The Albertonectes had the longest neck out of other Elasmosaurids.

American Bully

Though the American bully was bred to look intimidating, it makes an extremely friendly family pet!

Latest Animal News