Sika Deer

Sikas can make 10 different sounds, from soft whistles to loud screams.
Sika Deer Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Cervus nippon
Sika Deer Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, White, Chestnut
3 million in Japan
15-18 years
Top speed
30 mph
70-350 lbs.
Sika Deer Distribition

” Sikas can make 10 various noises, from soft whistles to loud screams.”

Sika Deer Recap

The sika deer is very closely pertaining to the fallow deer and the red deer.

Sika Deer Realities

  • Grownup sika never ever shed their youth places.
  • Sika are extremely singing and can make 10 various sort of noises.
  • They jump on all fours like gazelles when they flee.
  • They can eat bamboo and poisonous substance ivy.
  • Scientists state they are just one of 5 wild animals most appropriate to come to be pets.
  • When provided a cookie in Japan, they show up to bow, yet in fact are preparing to headbutt.

Sika Deer Scientific Name

The scientific name of the sika deer is Cervus nippon. Cervus is Latin for “deer” or “stag,” and nippon is a Japanese acceptation “where the sunlight increases”– a Japanese name for Japan.

The usual name sika originates from the Japanese word for “deer.” In Chinese the species is referred to as the “plum bloom deer.” Various other names for this species are the North seen deer, Japanese deer, or Eastern elk.

The sika belong to the class Mammalia and the family Cervidae.

Sika Deer Appearance

Sikas resemble the red deer yet are smaller sized. Those in Russia, China, and Taiwan are the biggest and heaviest, while the tiniest subspecies is discovered in the Ryukyu Islands southwest of Japan.

They vary from 20- 45 inches high at the shoulder and 35- 70 inches in head and body size. Their tails gauge 3- 5 inches long. Stags (males) are bigger than hinds (females). Stags can evaluate anywhere from 150- 350 extra pounds and hinds anywhere from 70- 110 extra pounds. The biggest stag on document considered 440 extra pounds.

Sikas are just one of the only deer species that do not shed their places when they get to maturation, although the places are almost undetectable in grownups in some subspecies. In shade, sikas have an even more chestnut or yellow-colored- brownish shade detected with white and a white spot on their hindquarters. In wintertime their pigmentation adjustments to dark grey- brownish and sheds its lighter markings. They have a white rump spot that flares out when they are stunned.

Stags have smaller sized and much less intricate horns than their red deer relatives. Their horns can vary from 11 to 30 inches in size yet run out than 4 branches each. The hinds have black bumps on the temple.

Sikas are just one of the only deer species that do not shed their places when they get to maturation. Elena Tcykina

Sika Deer Actions

Sika have an energised, energetic personality. When upset they commonly show a flared rump like the American elk. They flee by jumping, like mule deer. They are a very singing species, interacting with over 10 private noises from soft whistles to loud screams. They are superb swimmers and often enter water to escape predators.

Sikas can be energetic in daytime yet in locations where there is a great deal of human task they come to be nighttime. They normally feed from sunset to dawn.

A few of them live alone while others remain in solitary- sex teams. Males invest most years alone yet periodically create herds. Big herds collect in fall and wintertime.

Sikas can possibly make great pets due to the fact that they are little and have a mild personality. Scientists in the Netherlands called the sika as one of 5 animals besides typical pets that may be appropriate as human buddies. Sika deer have actually currently been tamed in China and Japan.

In the city of Nara, Japan, sika are recognized as carriers of the Shinto gods and permitted to stray via parks and holy places. Some individuals treat them to unique “deer cookies” and acquiesce recognize them. Due to the fact that the deer commonly show up to bow their heads in reaction, they are understood in Nara as “bowing deer.” Nonetheless, like goats, sika see a bowed head as an invite to play or as an obstacle and will certainly bow their heads to prepare for a headbutting cost.

Sika Deer Environment

The sika came from East Asia with a huge variety from north Vietnam to the Russian Far East. It is currently unusual in all these locations other than Japan, where it is overpopulated. It has actually been presented right into countless European nations, the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines.

They like thick warm and subtropical woodlands with some clearings up for foraging, where there disappears than 4- 8 inches of snowfall. In the Japanese summer season sika deer reside in the hills approximately an elevation of 8,202 feet. Throughout the thick snowfalls of the wintertime they come down to decrease fields as high as 2,300 feet reduced in altitude.

Sika Deer Diet

Sika deer are herbivores. They eat yard, dropped leaves, bushes, natural herbs, fruit, fungis, brushes, and bamboo. They will certainly also eat poisonous substance ivy. In farming locations they rob corn and soybean areas.

Sika Deer Population

The biggest sika population remains in Japan, numbering over 3 million and enhancing, as a result of preservation initiatives and the termination of its primary killer, the Japanese wolf, 100 years earlier. Sika are currently overpopulated there.

Just a couple of hundred to a couple of thousand stay in the wild in China, Taiwan, and Russia. It is unidentified whether the species endures in North Korea, yet in South Korea they are extinct.

In the USA, a herd of 4- 5 sika was presented to an island in Maryland in 1916. They left to the landmass and their population in the state is currently approximated at 12- 15,000. Their quick reproduction in Maryland has actually developed ecological and farming damages. Sikas have actually additionally been presented in Virginia, Texas, Oklahoma, and Wisconsin.

Sika Deer Predators, Dangers, and Conservation Status

Partially of China and Russia, sika are pursued by wolves, bears, tigers, leopards, and brown bears. Fawns are additionally pursued by lynx and golden eagles. In Japan, their primary killer was the Japanese wolf, till it went extinct 100 years earlier, so sikas have actually ended up being overpopulated there.

Humans are the primary killer of sika. In Europe, they are valued for searching, specifically as they make use of various survival and retreat strategies than the red deer, making them a lot more tough victim. In some cases they will certainly also squat and rest on their stomaches when endangered.

Velour horns (dried out premature horns) of stags are a preferred component of Chinese typical medication. Sika have actually been tamed in China to supply a consistent resource of velour horns.

One more risk to sika from humans is the loss of environment. The sika’s favored environment in warm woodlands is additionally extremely valued for farming and human negotiation, in a few of one of the most populous locations of the globe.

The worldwide conservation status of the sika is “least concern.” While in particular nations sika have actually gone extinct as a result of overhunting and loss of environment, on the whole the around the world varieties of the species are enhancing and they are overpopulated in some locations, consisting of Japan and in the Eastern Coast location of Maryland and Virginia in the United States.

Sikas cross- type with red deer in locations where they have actually been presented, such as the Scottish Highlands, endangering the red deer genetics swimming pool. Actually, study on the adverse influence of presented animals in Europe discovered the sika to be among one of the most destructive species, in addition to the brownish rat and the muskrat.

Sika Deer Reproduction, Children and Life Expectancy

The sika deer mating period is called the “rut” or the “rutting period.” In Japan it occurs from September to October and their fawns are birthed the complying with Might or June.

Throughout the rut Stags expand distinct hairs. They are extremely territorial and maintain a hareem of females they safeguard from opponents. They note their area, which can be approximately 5 acres in dimension, by excavating openings with their feet and horns and peing right into them. Males have long, harsh, and often fatal contest area.

Hinds normally gather together in little family teams with their children and often with spawn from the previous year. Hinds whine and whistle gently to interact with their herds. In instance of risk, they seem the alarm system with a brief, high- pitched bark.

Pregnancy takes 7 months after which the hind normally brings to life one, or from time to time 2 fawns. Fawns evaluate 10- 15 pounds. at birth and registered nurse for approximately 10 months. Fawns have an impulse to remain flawlessly quiet concealed in thick underbrush till the mom go back to registered nurse them. Fawns come to be totally independent at 10- year and both sexes come to be sexually fully grown at 16- 18 months.

Typically, sika deer live 15- 18 years in bondage. The earliest documented sika lived 25 years and 5 months.

Similar Animals to the Sika Deer

  • Fallow deer: Sika deer and fallow deer are similar in dimension, appearance, diet, and chosen environment. They come to be sexually fully grown at around the exact same age and have reduced hostility degrees.
  • Red deer: The Red deer and Sika have overlapping routines in Asia and can interbreed. The conservation status of both kinds of deer is “least concern.” They have a similar appearance, yet the Sika is smaller sized than the Red deer.
  • Mule deer: Mule deer have a similar appearance to Sika deer yet are bigger and have distinct big ears like those of a mule. They have similar diet regimens and actions patterns. Mule deer are belonging to The United States and Canada while Sika deer are discovered in Asia.


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  3. Assateague Island National Seashore, Available here:
  4. Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Available here:,during%20late%20spring%20and%20summer.
  5. IUCN Red List, Available here:
  6. HowStuffWorks, Available here:

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