Senepol Cattle

Senepol cattle have a distinctive red color and no horns.
Senepol Cattle Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Bos taurus
Senepol Cattle Physical Characteristics
Brown, Red, Black
15 to 20 years
1200 for cows, 2000 for bulls on average
Senepol Cattle Distribition

Senepol cattle are a particularly developed type from St. Croix, among the united state Virgin Islands. Dog breeders developed them by precisely reproducing N’Dama cattle from Senegal and the British red survey cattle from the island. It is no uphill struggle determining these animals. Their distinct red shade and absence of horns, amongst numerous various other preferable, high qualities. Dog breeders back Senepol cattle for their leading- scratch milk and meat manufacturing. They take place to be among one of the most looked for- after cattle types.


  • 2 of one of the most striking functions of the Senepol cattle type are their red shade and their absence of horns. They are a normally questioned type. This suggests they do not have horns.
  • Senepol cattle have a brief, great layer, that makes it difficult for insects such as ticks to acquire them. This makes them immune to insects and insect- birthed conditions. They are also immune to trypanosomiasis (resting health issues), which the Tsetse fly transfers.
  • Senepol cattle are extremely forgiving of warm and can stand up to tough environment problems where various other types have actually fallen short. They have big, droopy gland which aid maintain them cool down by managing their inner body temperature levels throughout grazing. This allows them to avoid feeding for over a hr much longer than various other types.
  • Senepol cattle are well-known for their tender beef and high milk manufacturing. As a result of this, they are very looked for- after for cross- reproduction functions to boost the meat and milk return of various other types of cattle.
  • Senepol cattle can love low quality of forage without reducing their beef high quality and weight. Their crossbreed Red Survey and N’Dama nature is in charge of the strength of this type.
  • Senepol cows have excellent mothering capacities and take superb treatment of their spawn, discouraging them as much as fifty percent of their very own weight.

Scientific Name

The name “Senepol” is a nod to the Senepol’s beginnings. It is a cross in between the names “Senegal” and “red survey.”

Although the Senepol cattle reproduce stemmed from the N’Dama type from the West African nation of Senegal, it is currently includes admixture from Zebu cattle, also. Due to the type’s adjustment to the Senegalese setting, there was hope that the N’Dama cattle would certainly make it through and flourish despite the rough environment of St. Croix. And so, in the 1800s, they were imported to St. Croix. Dog breeders ultimately go across- reproduced them with the red survey cattle in order to create premium attributes that would certainly be required to boost the type’s pre- existing attributes.

The British red survey cattle reproduce brought numerous preferable genetics to the N’Dama: high milk manufacturing and fertility, and all-natural ballot. As time took place, dog breeders enhanced choice to make certain that they just reproduced the most effective cattle with one of the most beneficial expressions of these attributes. The complete- blooded Senepol cattle after that happened.

Senepol cattle come from the order Artiodactyla Animals of that order are animals with unguis that bear equivalent weight on 2 of their 5 toes. As component of the family Bovidae, Senepol cattle are ruminant animals with cloven unguis. Bovidae includes 52 categories and 146 extant species, consisting of the goat, antelope, bison, wildebeest, and sheep. The scientific name for Senepol cattle is Bos taurus. The British Red Survey and the N’Dama are Bos taurus types while the Zebu is Bos taurus indicus.

Various other animals that come from the family Artiodactyla consist of camels, buffalos, and giraffes.

Physical Appearance

Two Senepol Bulls Grazing in Field
Senepol cattle are understood for their distinct shade and absence of horns.

BENJAMIN MEDINA/Shutterstock. com

Senepol cattle are tool- sized cattle, renowned for their distinct crimson shade, although a few of them can be black or brownish also. They have brief hair and are normally questioned, which suggests that they do not have horns. This is a desirable particular since it decreases the danger of injury in between animals in barnyards and relieves transport also. Their particular red shade, questioned nature, and high milk manufacturing is thanks to its Red Survey origins. This type is mild and manageable.

As A Result Of their N’Dama type beginnings in West Africa and Zebu impact, Senepol cattle have an extraordinary resistance for warm. They have the ability to control their inner body temperature levels with their droopy gland to maintain cooler than various other types, and this permits them to forage longer, also.

Senepol bulls are considerably bigger in dimension than the cows. Grownup Senepol heifers have a typical weight of 1,000 to 1,200 extra pounds, while the bulls ordinary 1,760 to 2,100 extra pounds at field. The cows are extremely mother’s and calve easily. They generate a huge amount of milk and discourage their calf bones in 5 to 7 months at fifty percent of their very own weight.

Senepol cattle are an illness and insect- immune type. Research studies reveal that they have greater resistance than various other types, all many thanks to their N’Dama beginnings and reproducing choices. Their brief, great hair makes it tough for insects such as ticks to acquire. This makes them much less susceptible to insect- birthed conditions, particularly those of parasitical beginning. They are very immune to trypanosomiasis, or resting health issues, which is birthed by the Tsetse fly.

Senepol cattle are likewise understood for their high quality meat and high milk manufacturing. Their beef is seriously well-known and understood to be tender and scrumptious.

Environment and Population

Senepol cattle are a very looked for- after type because of their flexibility to heats, great meat and milk manufacturing, manageable nature, and various other preferable qualities.

Having actually come from the West African surface in addition to the rough setting of the united state Virgin Islands, Senepol cattle have actually completely adjusted to exotic environments where various other types have actually fallen short. This type flourishes in damp tropics with high moisture and rains, and warm completely dry savanna nation.

4 major herds feed on the St. Croix island to day. The biggest herd is house to 400 cows and the 2nd biggest is house to 200.

Over 500 dog breeders and over 14,000 cattle are signed up with the Senepol Cattle Breeders Organization. Senepol cattle have actually come to be extensive with existence in numerous nations consisting of the USA, Venezuela, Brazil, Zimbabwe, Philippines, Mexico, South Africa, Namibia, and Paraguay.

A great deal of Senepol cross- types can likewise be located in different components of the globe as an outcome of dog breeders wishing to integrate the type’s premium qualities right into various other types. A few of these consist of Brahman, Hereford, and Angus crossbreeds.

The Senepol cattle type is not presently detailed on the IUCN Red Checklist of endangered species.


Senepol cattle are primarily fed yard. They like to forage, however they can likewise be fed in barnyards. They can count on low quality food without decreasing the high quality of their beef and milk return.

Senepol cattle are ruminant animals, which suggests that their belly has 4 chambers. Food digestion starts in the mouth. When the food relocates right into the very first belly, or rumen, it becomes cud. It is after that thrown up and eaten once again. This procedure is called “eating the cud”.

As a result of their high flexibility to warm, Senepol cattle can forage for over a hr much longer in the sunlight than many various other types.

Reproduction and Life-span

Senepol cattle have an excellent reproductive life, superb fertility, and numerous various other beneficial attributes. They have a life-span of around 15 to two decades.

Senepol bulls have high sex drives and are steadfast dog breeders. They create very effective sperm within 12 to 14 months old. Senepol heifers have straight cervices which help birth. Along with being extraordinary moms, Senepol cows are very effective when it concerns calving. They deliver swiftly, decreasing the danger of calf bone injury and oxygen limitation. The calf bones appear solid and all set to go!

Senepol cows get to adolescence earlier than Bos indicus cattle types and, under optimal administration, calve at simply 2 years old. Due to their physical qualities, they birth conveniently and their calf bones have a great deal of vitality. They usually do not require a human’s assisting hand to stand after they are birthed. They have a tendency to handle well by themselves.

The heifers discourage the calf bones as much as 40 to 50% of their very own body weight of 1,000 to 1,200 extra pounds. This is an impressive accomplishment, particularly taking into consideration that Senepol calf bones typically get to discouraging age at 5 to 7 months and just evaluate concerning 75 extra pounds at birth. This vouches for the truth that Senepol cows are extremely persistent moms when it concerns feeding their spawn which they have a high milk return. They are respected moms, calving at optimum periods, and they can duplicate for as much as 15 to two decades.

Several cattle dog breeders describe the Senepol type as the global cross- reproduction animal. Among the greatest advantages to crossbreeding Senepol cattle is that they have beneficial leading attributes, such as its absence of horns. Children are most likely to materialize such attributes. As high as 80% to 100% of cross- reproduced animals reveal Senepol attributes.

Predators and Risks

Humans have actually tamed Senepol cattle. Due to that, people supervise of their well-being and defense. As people earn a living off of the beef and milk manufacturing of these animals, they are typically well- shielded and took care of. Nonetheless, with grazing cattle, there is constantly the opportunity that a killer, such as the wolf, coyote, or cougar, can target young calf bones, old or hurt animals, or animals that drift far from the major herd. Mommy Senepols do a terrific task of repeling predators from their young. Proprietors and dog breeders usually maintain their Senepols well- protected, given that they do not have horns to protect themselves with.

Relevant Animals


  1. Australian Senepol Breeders Association, Available here:
  2. Cattle International Series, Available here:
  3. Senepol Cattle Breeders Society of South Africa, Available here:
  4. The Cattle Site, Available here:
  5. Wikipedia, Available here:
  6. Oklahoma State University Department of Animal Science, Available here:

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