Sarus Crane

Parents use low calls to tell their chicks to freeze and lie still when danger lurks.
Sarus Crane Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Antigone antigone
Sarus Crane Physical Characteristics
Grey, Red, White-Brown, Olive-Grey
13,000 to 15,000
15.6 years
Top speed
-1 mph
11 to 26 pounds
Sarus Crane Distribition

Sarus cranes represent marriage integrity in India and are recognized for being dedicated to their companions throughout their life expectancy.


The sarus crane ( Antigone antigone) is the highest flying bird worldwide and is belonging to India, Southeast Asia, and north Australia. They occupy marsh settings like marshes and swamps and invest their days foraging for food in sets. These birds are recognized for their long-lasting breeding routines and psychological feedbacks to the fatality of their companions. Discover the interesting realities bordering these magnificent birds, consisting of where they live, what they eat, and exactly how they act.

5 Incredible Sarus Crane Truths

  • The sarus crane is the highest flying bird worldwide, gauging virtually 6 feet high with a 8- foot wingspan.
  • While still fairly social, they are the least social in the crane family.
  • Some accounts retell of sarus cranes crying and depriving to fatality if their friend passes away.
  • Moms and dads utilize reduced phone call to inform their chicks to ice up and exist still when risk prowls.
  • This species is noted as “vulnerable” as a result of environment loss, chemical consumption, and overhunting.

Where to Locate the Sarus Crane

Sarus cranes reside in Asia and Australia and in 13 nations, consisting of India, China, Thailand, the Philippines, and Cambodia. It has 3 distinctive populaces: Southeastern Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and Northern Australia. These birds are nonmigratory, yet they might relocate places in connection with gales and dry spells. They occupy marsh settings, such as marshes, swamps, fish ponds, canals, and swamped areas. Seek them in sets or little family teams, pitching in superficial water, searching for food.

Sarus Crane Nest

Their nests are huge systems built in marshes or paddy areas. Both develops their nest making use of reeds, straw, yard, and mud to produce an island that increases over the water. They do not attempt to hide their systems. Rather, both sexes increasingly safeguard their location.

Scientific Name

The sarus crane ( Antigone antigone) is from the Gruiformes order in the Gruidae family, including the cranes. The genus, Antigone, includes the biggest of the crane participants. The particular epithet by the exact same name describes Greek folklore, where a queen develops into a swan for thinking she is extra attractive than the siren Hera. The sarus crane has 4 identified subspecies.

Dimension, Appearance & Habits

Types of Crane birds - Sarus Crane
A number of Eastern Sarus Crane (Grus antigone) at Huay Jorrakaemak Storage Tank Non- Searching Location, Thailand. These kinds of Crane birds are the highest flying birds worldwide.kajornyot wild animals photography/Shutterstock. com

The sarus crane is the highest flying bird worldwide. This huge crane procedures 3.75 to 5.9 feet long and considers 11 to 26 extra pounds, with a 7 to 8- foot wingspan. Its body and wings are grey, and its head is bare and red, with a green- grey expense. Males and females look similar, other than the males are somewhat larger generally. Juveniles are appreciable by their completely- feathery brown- grey heads.

They are the least social crane species yet still create long-lasting set bonds, gather together in little family teams, and sign up with huge groups outside the reproducing period. Sarus cranes represent marriage integrity in India and are recognized for being dedicated to their companions throughout their life expectancy, also sobbing and depriving to fatality if they pass away. These cranes are fairly singing and make a variety of audios from hissing to purring to howling. They run reasonably quickly and cover a fair bit of ground while flying. Although, they often tend not to fly cross countries.

Movement Pattern and Timing

Sarus cranes are nonmigratory, indicating they survive on their reproducing premises year- round. Nevertheless, they might relocate brief ranges in feedback to gales and dry spell.


Sarus cranes are omnivores that forage in superficial waters and areas.

What Does the Sarus Crane Eat?

Their diet contains insects, water plants, fish, shellfishes, and seeds. Periodically, they will certainly eat water serpents, bird eggs, and turtles. They forage in superficial waters and areas by penetrating the mud with their lengthy costs. These birds do not feed in huge groups. Rather, they favor to seek food in spread sets.

Predators, Risks, and Conservation Status

The IUCN details the sarus crane as VU or “vulnerable.” This species has actually had a vulnerable standing considering that the year 2000 as a result of a fast decrease in its population dimension. Its most considerable risk is the loss and destruction of its marsh environment and the consumption of chemicals. This bird is likewise vulnerable to searching and egg accumulating for food and profession.

What Consumes the Sarus Crane?

The sarus crane does not have any type of all-natural predators besides people. However its eggs and young succumb jackals, forest crows, dingos, and predators. Their plus size makes them daunting to prospective predators, and their nests are generally burglarized when they leave them neglected. Moms and dads will certainly utilize reduced telephone calls, informing their chicks to ice up and exist still when risk prowls.

Reproduction, Youthful, and Molting

Sarus cranes are virginal and friend forever. Nevertheless, they might participate in “separation” and discover brand-new companions. Their reproduction period is from June to September (throughout the wet period), and courtship routines consist of loud telephone calls, posturing, and dance. Females lay one to 2 eggs, and both sexes take transforms breeding for 26 to 35 days. The chicks can feed themselves after a couple of days and fly around 3 months old. They do not generally leave their moms and dad’s area till the following reproduction period. The sarus crane comes to be sexually fully grown around 5 years and has an ordinary life expectancy of 15.6 years. Nevertheless, they can measure up to 42 years.


The international sarus crane population is approximated to number 13,000 to 15,000 fully grown people. They are not experiencing any type of severe changes or fragmentations in their numbers. Their population has actually reduced as a result of environment loss, chemicals, and overhunting.


  1. The Red List / Bird Life International, Available here:

Relate animals

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

They are one of the oldest breeds of guinea pig

Ackie Monitor

The ackie monitor has a spiny tail which it uses as in self-defense.


The Albertonectes had the longest neck out of other Elasmosaurids.

American Bully

Though the American bully was bred to look intimidating, it makes an extremely friendly family pet!

Latest Animal News