Only known to science since 1992!
Saola Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Pseudoryx nghetinhensis
Saola Physical Characteristics
Brown, Red, Black
less than 250
8 – 12 years
Top speed
23 mph
80kg – 100kg (176lbs – 220lbs)
Saola Distribition

Saola Classification and Development

The Saola is a species of Antelope natively discovered in the woodlands on the boundary of north- main Vietnam and Laos. They are among one of the most lately uncovered big creatures on the planet however are currently additionally thought to be among the rarest with approximated population numbers simply in the 10s of people. Although the Saola is an animal that carefully appears like the Arabian Desert Antelopes, they are believed to be extra carefully pertaining to Wild Livestock. The Saola is such a distinct and special animal, that after their exploration in 1992, they were provided a taxonomic team of their very own. They are unbelievably unusual and evasive creatures, and still today, extremely little is in fact learnt about theSaola The Saola is additionally referred to as the Oriental Unicorn, which is not believed to be especially pertaining to its lengthy horns, however extra the reality that it is so unusual.

Saola Composition and Appearance

The Saola is among one of the most unique Antelope species on the planet, with its most particular function being the lengthy and dramatically- directed horns that rest parallel in addition to the animal’s head. These smooth horns are discovered on both males and females of the species and can mature to 50cm in size. The body of the Saola varies in colour from chestnut brownish, to red, to practically black, with a dark, slim red stripe leaving the back which finishes in a tiny and cosy black tail. The legs of the Saola are additionally black in colour, however it gets on their face that their most unique white markings are discovered. The Saola’s hair is fairly slim and significantly soft, and covers their thick skin which is believed to assist to safeguard them from being as well severely wounded from the horns of various other people.

Saola Distribution and Environment

The Saola is an animal that is believed to be discovered in what woodland still continues to be in the Annamite Hills that remain on the boundary in between north- main Vietnam and adjoining Laos. Although they are believed to exist in specific locations, no- one actually understands for certain as a result of the absence of a correct official study. They have actually nevertheless been kept in mind in 15 tiny pockets of woodland in between both nations, normally at a mid- elevation variety (in between 400 meters and 1,000 meters over water level). The Saola is most frequently discovered in thick, evergreen woodlands that are damp and have an excellent resource of running water. Citizens declare that the Saola invests its summer season additionally up the towering inclines, venturing down throughout the winter months when the water resources higher have actually run completely dry and there is as a result additionally much less to eat.

Saola Behaviour and Lifestyle

The Saola is believed to be a diurnal animal significance that they are most energetic throughout the day- light hrs, potentially relaxing concealed to safeguard themselves from predators under the cover of evening. They are believed to lead a typically singular way of living, although records of tiny teams of Saola are not unidentified. These most frequently consist of either 2 or 3 people, however declares from citizens recommend that they can gather in herds of as much as 7 participants. Male Saola are believed to be extremely territorial and to stroll a much bigger variety than their female equivalents, all however, are thought to note their area utilizing a sticky, stinky fluid which is produced from their big maxillary glands. They are thought to be towering travelers in specific locations, complying with the water system backwards and forwards the inclines.

Saola Reproduction and Life Process

The Saola reproducing period shows up to accompany the beginning of the stormy period which is around February to March in Vietnam and in between April and June in neighbouring Laos. Males are believed to discover a female that typically co- lives in a tiny component of the male’s variety. After mating, females are believed to bring to life a solitary calf bone (much similarly as various other Bovine species) after a gestation duration that is believed to last for in between 7 and 8 months. Females have 4 nipple areas on their bottom where the young can nurse milk from however extremely little is still learnt about the reproduction or the basic life process of the evasiveSaola They are believed to live for in between 8 and 11 years in the wild.

Saola Diet and Target

Like all various other Antelope species and certainly Livestock, the Saola is a vegetarian animal that endures on a diet that is exclusively included plants and plant issue. Although extremely couple of documents feed on the Saola in their native environment, they are believed to mostly feed upon the fallen leaves of fig and various other trees and shrubs, that expand along the damp shores. The Saola is additionally believed to feed upon fruits, seeds and berries from these plants, in addition to biting on lawns and natural herbs that expand on the ground, instead of over it. They are recognized to be surfing animals that munch from plant to plant throughout their environment, and are almost constantly discovered near to a resource of fresh, running water such as a tiny sluggish- relocating river or mountain stream.

Saola Predators and Hazards

Although extremely little is still learnt about the unusual Saola living deep in the forests, they are believed to be mostly taken advantage of by bigger animals consisting of Tigers and Crocodiles that they share their environments with. The largest danger to the Saola nevertheless, is the searching of them for their horns which are a valued prize among citizens. Not just that however they are additionally frequently captured in catches that are established for various other animals and have actually been significantly impacted by environment loss with both logging and expanding Human negotiations in the productive bogs around the base of the hills, where they would certainly have as soon as most frequently strolled.

Saola Intriguing Truths and Functions

The Saola is among one of the most lately uncovered big creatures, as it was initially recognized to scientific research as lately as Might 1992. Throughout a joint study that was carried out by the Ministry of Forestry of Vietnam and WWF, the special horns of the Saola was detected in your homes of regional seekers, which brought about an examination right into the animal and the locations in which it lived. Almost all of the info that feeds on the Saola, in fact originates from 13 people that were kept in bondage (6 in Vietnam and 7 in Laos) after their exploration and from records by regional citizens. Unfortunately nevertheless, just about 2 of these Saola people passed away whilst being examined and there are no Saola discovered in bondage throughout the globe as they do not appear to endure in any way well in problems beyond the those that they have actually normally adjusted and progressed to.

Saola Partnership with Humans

The Saola was as soon as believed to in fact mostly occupy even more lowland woodlands in the direction of the base of the hills. Nonetheless, with expanding Human negotiations, they have actually been pressed greater and higher the inclines and are currently incapable to get in much of their historic woodlands as they just no more exist. Having actually been pursued particularly as a species by Humans in the past, today seekers are still amongst the Saola’s largest risks. As a secured species, they can not be pursued however typically obtain captured in entrapments and catches that are established in the woodlands where they exist, mostly to capture Wild Boar andDeer Regardless of this however, comprehensive job is being done throughout much of their all-natural variety to make certain that they extra frequently exist in locations of safeguarded woodland that are not at as much threat from searching and poaching.

Saola Conservation Status and Life Today

Today, the Saola is noted by the IUCN as being an animal that is Seriously Endangered in its native environment. Although that no official study has actually been carried out, the IUCN approximates that populaces can have been as reduced as 250 when the Saola was initial taped in the summertime of 1992, a number that is believed to have actually gone down considerably ever since as a result of the boosted development of Human negotiations. WWF insurance claim that the rareness, diversity and individuality of the Saola, make it among the best top priorities to preservation in the Indochina area today. A little 61 square mile book has actually simply been established in the Quang Nam district in main Vietnam, particularly to attempt and safeguard the diminishing populaces of Saola today. Find out more concerning one of the most endangered species in the world right here.

Saola Endangered Species Infographic
The Saola is among planet’s most intimidated species

Takaip/Shutterstock. com


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals
  8. Saola Information, Available here:
  9. Saola Conservation, Available here:
  10. Saola Facts, Available here:

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