Rough Earth Snake

It has a pointed snout that is uses to burrow into moist soil.
Rough Earth Snake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Haldea striatula
Rough Earth Snake Physical Characteristics
5-7 years
Rough Earth Snake Distribition

This nonvenomous snake is tiny and slim; it favors remaining concealed under the ground cover, rocks, and compost heap, where it will certainly live a lot of its life. Rough earth serpents are so tiny they are in some cases misinterpreted for the worms they like to eat.

Unbelievable Rough Earth Snake Truths

  • Adolescent rough earth snakes are usually puzzled for ring- necked serpents due to the fact that they have a light band behind their head.
  • They do not restrict their victim and ingest it still to life.
  • Rough earth serpents have actually keeled ranges and are usually puzzled for De Kay’s brown snake.

Rough Earth Snake Scientific Name and Classification

The rough earth snake’s existing scientific name is Haldea striatula. Like several microorganisms, this species has actually altered names a number of times throughout the years. Given that its initial summary in 1766 by Carl Linnaeus with the name Coluber striatulus, these serpents have actually been identified right into a number of category, consisting of Natrix, Conocephalus, Falconeria, and Virginia In the very early 2000s, hereditary study outcomes revealed that several reptiles had actually been identified right into category that really did not fit specifically, so researchers relocated them. One of the most current adjustment remained in 2013, when researchers altered the common name back from Virginia to Haldea.

They have a number of usual names, consisting of brown snake, ground snake, brownish ground snake, little candy striped snake, tiny brownish viper, tiny- considered brown snake, southerly ground snake, striated viper, and worm snake.

Rough Earth Snake Appearance

Rough Earth Snake
These serpents are normally brownish with white or yellow-colored tummiesKyle Wiering/ Creative Commons – Permit

The rough earth snake steps 7- 10 inches as a grownup. The females are typically longer and much heavier than the males, yet or else, there’s little noticeable distinction. This snake does not normally have a pattern yet is a strong brownish, red, or grey shade with somewhat keeled ranges, and a tan to whiteish- tinted stubborn belly. Its nose is sharp, which aids it root about and delve right into damp dirt.

Juveniles have light- tinted collars and look rather like ring- necked serpents. Nevertheless, unlike ring- necked serpents, rough earth snakes have boring stubborn belly shades, and their neck collars do not discolor as they expand.

As a whole, rough earth snakes are probably to be misinterpreted for De Kay’s brown snake, which is usually a little larger, with an extra spherical nose and brown and dark markings on its back and neck.

Rough Earth Snake Actions

This species is extremely timid and reclusive; it’s never hostile, has no poison, and is totally safe when come across. It has teeth, nevertheless, does not attack anything other than its victim. The rough earth snake’s common feedback to a danger is initial to rest still, after that effort getaway. Ultimately, it musk the specific intimidating it. When a snake musk you, it’s excreting on you. It scents dreadful and is an efficient protection versus would certainly- be predators

Depending upon the area, rough earth snakes are usually energetic start in very early springtime and brumate via the cooler months starting in loss. The more north the serpents live, the much shorter their energetic cycle.

Although they’re normally most energetic throughout the day, cozy damp climate condition will certainly likewise bring them out during the night. To prevent the warmth of the summertime, they switch over to even more nighttime routines.

Rough Earth Snake Environment

Rough earth serpents live in a large location of the southeastern USA. They’re discovered in fourteen states from North Carolina, southern to Florida, and west to Texas. These deceptive serpents are frequently seen in the springtime and loss when they’re probably to be transferring to or from brumation websites and reproducing.

A fossorial species, the rough earth snake conceals under rocks, logs, decorative rocks, in compost heap, and ground cover. It seldom endeavors visible and favors to remain concealed. They’re likewise discovered in garbage heaps, yard beds and in numerous forested environments with a lot of ground cover. These serpents utilize their sharp noes to aid dig via loosened dirt and particles as they look for victim.

Rough Earth Snake Diet

The rough earth snake is among several serpents that aid manage the insect population. They aid stop snails and slugs from surpassing your yard, as their diet is totally composed of invertebrates. Its favored food is earthworms, yet it likewise consumes snails, slugs, insect eggs, plant bugs, and larvae. This small killer does not trouble to suppress its victim and just ingests it.

Rough Earth Snake Predators, Hazards, Preservation, and Population

While they are predators, earth snakes are not peak predators Their tiny dimension implies they end up being food for several bigger animals. Various other serpents, predative birds, and animals will certainly eat them, provided the possibility.

According to the IUCN Redlist of Threatened Species, rough earth snakes aren’t in any type of risk of coming to be extinct. The 2007 evaluation identified that they have a steady population that flourishes, also in metropolitan yards and parks.

These serpents are quite versatile in where they live, and whether it’s a metropolitan location or a woodland does not appear to make a distinction to rough earth snakes. They delight in a large distribution throughout the southeastern USA and are relatively forgiving of environment modifications. All among these actually requires to flourish is a dark, damp place with great deals of invertebrates to eat and positions to conceal.

Rough Earth Snake Reproduction, Infants, and Life Expectancy

Rough earth snakes companion in the springtime, in between March and Might or June, the a lot more north populaces often tend to reproduce later on in springtime than their southerly relatives. In Between June and September, the females bring to life in between 3 and 8 4- inch- lengthy infants. Very little is understood about their life-span, yet if it resembles similar serpents, they might meet around 7 years.


  1. Breukelman, John 1940. The snake Haldea striatula in Kansas. Herpetologica 2 (2): 56 , Available here:
  2. Haldea striatula | Reptarium Reptile Database, Available here:
  3. Hammerson, G.A. 2016. Haldea striatula. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T64002A90070320. Accessed on 15 September 2022., Available here:
  4. Rough earth snake, Missouri Department of Conservation, Available here:

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