They build their nests off the ground in tree holes, cavities, stone walls, and roofs
Redstart Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Redstart Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Red, Black, White, Orange
50 million individuals
2-5 years
0.35 to 0.8 ounces
Redstart Distribition

The redstart is a setting down bird previously believed to become part of the thrush family. Nonetheless, currently they are recognized to be a participant of the Old& nbsp; Globe flycatcher family.

They are functional birds and stay in numerous environments throughout Europe and West Africa, varying from parks, broadleaf forests, yards, farmlands, heathlands, and hedges. As long as the location has open nation with marginal bushes, they will certainly grow.

Redstarts get here in the UK throughout the summertime from West Africa to reproduce in between April and September.

3 Unbelievable Redstart Realities!

  • Redstarts are truly little, just determining 5.5 inches
  • They construct their nests off the ground in tree openings, dental caries, rock wall surfaces, and roofings
  • Female redstarts lay in between 5 to eggs. She nurtures them for regarding 12 to 2 week, and chicks are birthed with dark grey down on their heads and backs.

Where to Discover the Redstart

Redstarts mainly occupy numerous European environments however move to West Africa throughout wintertime. While they prevail in Britain, there are extra in Ireland.

They happen in the list below nations:

  • Algeria
  • Benin
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cameroon
  • The main African Republic
  • Chad
  • Congo
  • Cyprus
  • Côte d’Ivoire
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Egypt
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Gambia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Guinea- Bissau
  • Iran
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Kenya
  • Kuwait
  • Lebanon
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mauritania
  • Morocco
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Pakistan
  • Palestine,
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somalia
  • Spain
  • Sudan
  • Togo
  • Tunisia
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • UK
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen

Usual redstarts choose open environments with a lot of fully grown oak, birch forest, high exposure, and marginal hedge and understory, also far better if the trees are old adequate to have openings for their nests.

They are commonly seen on the side of forest cleanings, and in England, they are mainly located in upland locations since they are much less impacted by farming surge. Furthermore, they inhabit the bogs of eastern Europe, consisting of old yards and parks in city locations.

Unlike lots of various other bird species, the redstart take advantage of dead trees or dead arm or legs due to their all-natural openings, which are excellent for constructing nests. Furthermore, they choose a high cover of moss and lichen. Furthermore, they grow in fully grown and open conifer forest. While their population numbers are high in Ireland, reproducing sets are really limited, with just around 1 to 5 reproduction sets, the majority of which are located in Area Wicklow.


Usual redstarts construct their nests in the form of a mug in numerous dental caries or openings in fully grown trees, rock wall surfaces, or roofings, usually in between 3.2 to 20 feet in the air. Their nests are made from moss, origins, and yard, and they line the withins with plumes and hair. Female redstarts are accountable for constructing the nest while the males stand guard and sing noisally.

Nesting Realities

Clutch dimension 5- 6 eggs
Incubation duration 12- 2 week
Snuggling duration 15- 18& nbsp; days
Egg summary Pale blue
Problem when hatching out Helpless, blind, and bare besides downy tufts of plumes on the head, neck, and back

Redstart Scientific Name

The usual redstarts scientific name is Phoenicurus phoenicurus, and they come from the order Passeriformes, the biggest order of birds. This order includes over fifty percent of the bird species worldwide. They additionally pass the name setting down birds.

Their most distinguishing characteristic is their 3 toes, 2 encountering ahead and one durable and adaptable toe encountering in reverse, called hallux, that assists them in setting down on branches.

Typically, a lot of setting down birds have 12 tail plumes. They are really varied and located in a lot of components of the globe. Usual redstarts can be found in numerous patterns, shades, forms, and dimensions. When passeriform chicks hatch out, they are nude and blind, so their moms and dads accommodate their every requirement.

Redstarts come from the family Muscicapidae, which includes regarding 286 bird species, mainly restricted to the Old Word (Europe, Asia, and Africa). These birds usually determine in between 3 to 9 inches long and have level, wide costs, brief legs, tails, and short, rounded wings. Their shades differ from Gray, black, blue, brownish, and red.

Muscicapidae consumes insects and populates lots of locations, consisting of scrublands, woodlands, and farming areas.


There are just 2 subspecies of restarts, which are:

  • The usual redstart ( Phoenicurus phoenicurus)
  • The Southeastern Common Redstart ( Phoenicurus samamisicus)

Redstart Dimension and Appearance

Usual redstarts are similar in dimension to a Robin with 2 exemptions; redstarts are slimmer with longer tails. They determine 5.5 inches long and evaluate 0.35 to 0.8 ounces, with a wingspan of 8.6 inches. Furthermore, males and females vary in appearance.


Male redstarts have abundant orange- red rump and tails, with a dark main panel. Their top components are slate grey, which proceeds onto the crown. They have jet- black faces and a white red stripe diminishing their temples. Furthermore, the male’s underparts are a lively orange- red with white undertail.

Usual redstart males are small, just determining 5.5 inches in size. Nonetheless, they are commonly determined by their lengthy legs and routine of shuddering their stories.


Female redstarts are much paler than males and have orange- red tails and underparts. Their throats are reasonable, and they have light aficionado- brownish top components.


Juveniles resemble grownups, with some exemptions. They do not have the grey quill of the males and offer a mix of both sexes.

Their faces are dark with a white red stripe diminishing their temples, and their underparts are aficionado- orange, with a brown- grey back. Juveniles have orange- red rumps with a dark facility. Furthermore, they have white tummies and undertails and black costs, eyes, and legs.

Redstart Movement Pattern and Timing

Redstarts move to main Africa in the wintertime and go back to the UK throughout summertime to reproduce in between April and September.

Redstart Habits

These small birds like to feed upon invertebrates and berries. They forage on reduced branches in trees and in shrubs. Redstarts fly from their perches to capture exploit the ground and go back to the perch to appreciate their dish. While searching insects, they commonly fragrance brief sallies throughout trip.

Furthermore, they tremble before trunks, plant life, and branches, which assists them capture their target. Males are usually differentiated by their quill, however one can additionally recognize them via their activities of shuddering their tails.

The reproducing period sees males singing regularly than common and lots of brief trips. Males are accountable for picking the nest website prior to bring in a female. Furthermore, male redstarts do zigzag trips amongst the trees, where copulation commonly happens. This actions usually lasts till incubation starts.

Redstarts are migratory, leaving their reproduction premises in fall from mid- August to November and moving back in between February and April.

Redstart Diet

Usual redstarts are omnivores and eat invertebrates, consisting of:

  • Larval beetles
  • Flies
  • Ants
  • Bees
  • Wasps
  • Damselflies
  • Spiders
  • Molluscs
  • Earthworms

Furthermore, redstarts like to feed upon numerous fruits and berries.

Reproduction, Children, and Life-span

The reproducing period happens in springtime; nonetheless, it can differ relying on the array. Female redstarts construct nests in dental caries or openings in trees, roofings, and rock wall surfaces, usually 3.2 to 20 feet off the ground.

The nests are mug- designed and created from origins, yard, and moss. They line their nests with hair and plumes for additional heat.

Female redstarts lay in between 5 to 7 light blue eggs, which in some cases have dark red speckles. Their incubation duration lasts for around 12 to 2 week. Chicks are birthed with dark grey down on their heads and backs, and both moms and dads feed them.

Hatchlings begin to fledge at about 15 to 18 days, and their moms and dads will certainly remain to feed them for 3 extra weeks. They are aggressive birds since the females might begin a 2nd brood while the male cares for the initial. News end up being independent at 1 month old. Nonetheless, they stay in little teams, containing 2 to 3 birds, and at some point distribute in yards.


Redstarts do not have a lengthy life-span and just live for 2 years usually. Nonetheless, there are documents of some people measuring up to 5 in the wild.

Predators, Hazards, and Conservation Status

Redstarts loss target to:

  • Serpents
  • Residential cats
  • Blue Jays
  • Owls
  • Common Grackles
  • Hawks

Their most significant hazard is logging. Nonetheless, redstarts are very versatile and can construct nests in rock wall surfaces, structures, and nest boxes.

Thankfully, the European population is secure, however however, populaces in Spain and various other components of Europe are decreasing. Nonetheless, redstarts are provided as Least Concern on IUCN’s Redlist.

Redstart Population

There are an approximated 15 million reproduction sets in Europe, and their worldwide population dimension is approximated at around 50 million people. Nonetheless, more info is required for a much more precise number.

4 Species Similar to Redstarts

There are 4 species of birds that are really similar to redstarts, either by dimension, appearance, or actions; they consist of:


Ovenbirds are gorgeous songbirds that are participants of the New Globe Warbler family. They have actually 3 subspecies spread over the Americas and sometimes in Europe.

These birds choose environments with blended and coniferous woodlands or locations bordering streams. Ovenbirds invest a great deal of their time foraging on the woodland flooring. Their most significant dangers are brood parasitism and environment loss; while moving, they commonly ram high towers.

Nonetheless, their numbers are still significant, and their population dimension is not at risk yet. Reproducing happens in late March and very early Might. Female ovenbirds supervise of constructing the nest, which they do on the flooring of deciduous timbers or over ground in bushes or reduced plants. Nests appear like Dutch stoves and have a side entry.

Female ovenbirds will certainly nurture their eggs for 11 to 2 week and remain on the ground with their hatchlings till they are independent. Eggs step 0.78 inches in size and are brownish with grey markings.

Worm- Consuming Warbler

Worm- consuming warblers are tool- sized birds that nest on the ground and have olive- grey top components, and their underparts are a light yellow. Furthermore, their heads are yellow with a black stripey crown.

Their name is originated from their consistent diet of moths, caterpillars, and worms. They forage for their target among dead fallen leaves and understory plant life.

Worm- consuming warblers can be located in the Ohio Valley, southeastern Iowa, southerly New England, and Mid- Atlantic, and southerly states. Furthermore, they happen in:

  • Mexico
  • Yucatan Peninsula
  • West Indies

These birds choose to survive completely dry timber hills, where females will certainly create their nests on the ground versus seedlings or deciduous bushes. The females are brilliant little birds and camouflage their nests under dead fallen leaves. Nests contain dead fallen leave skeletal systems lined with hair, moss, maple seed stems, and fungi filaments.

Female worm- consuming warblers lay in between 4 to 5 eggs that are white in shade with brownish places or spots. She will certainly nurture her eggs by herself for 13 days. Both males and females feed the hatchlings, and they leave the nest at simply 10 days old. Females generally brood when each year.

Louisiana Waterthrush

Louisiana waterthrushes are spectacular songbirds that utilize their spectacular articulations to interact. Although they are really similar to the north waterthrush and yellow- throated warbler, their tunes are completely various.

They choose environments near streams and various other relocating water bodies, which allows them to capture their food from the water. Louisiana waterthrushes feed upon:

  • Insects
  • Shellfishes
  • Larvae
  • Amphibians
  • Fish

Nonetheless, fish is their key food resource, which is why they live and construct their nests around rivers, streams, and creeks.

North Waterthrush

North waterthrushes occupy areas of The United States and Canada and move to South America as for eastern Colombia and north Ecuador throughout wintertime.

They choose to reproduce in environments with bogs and woody swamps, and after moving southern for the wintertime, they are commonly located in mangroves.

North waterthrushes are primarily singular however hold regions in locations of movement where they will certainly utilize loud crevice contacts us to allow others understand they exist.

They like to forage on the ground by the water’s side, feeding off insects, shellfishes, and fish that occupy the superficial waters.

North waterthrush populaces are raising and are provided as Least Concern on IUCN’s Redlist. Nonetheless, the devastation of mangroves and various other marshes can be the source of population decreases in the future.


  1. IUCN Redlist, Available here:
  2. Wikipedia, Available here:
  3. Twootz, Available here:
  4. Oiseaux Birds, Available here:
  5. Animalia, Available here:
  6. All About Birds, Available here:
  7. Woodland Trust, Available here:

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