Red Deer

A male red deer shows his age in his antlers, which become longer and more branched every year.
Red Deer Scientific Classification
Scientific name
C. elaphus
Red Deer Physical Characteristics
Brown, Red
Unknown, but estimated European population is 1.7 million.
20 years
Top speed
43.5 mph
275-600 lbs
Red Deer Distribition

“Red deer are illustrated in 40,000- year- old cavern art!”

Red Deer Recap

The red deer is among the biggest species of deer on the planet, growing throughout Europe and Western Asia and in several various other locations of the globe where they have actually been presented. They are identified by their red- brownish hair and the excellent horns of the males, which are dropped and expand back bigger and a lot more branched yearly.

Red deer are not endangered, yet they intermix with various other deer species, which might cause a decrease in their numbers in their present type. Although humans are their best killer, they are likewise their best preserver, as the red deer is valued for sporting activity searching and food and its horns are valued in Eastern Eastern medication and conventional European ornamental designs.

Red Deer Truths

  • The 4th- biggest deer species in dimension.
  • The only species of real deer to populate Africa.
  • Males are called “stags” or “harts” while females are called “hinds.”
  • Males dropped their horns and expand them back bigger yearly.
  • Their horns have actually typically been utilized in Europe as designs and to make furnishings.
  • Red deer have actually been illustrated in cavern art from 40,000 years earlier.

Red Deer Scientific Name

The scientific name of the red deer is Cervus elaphus. Cervus is Latin and elaphus is Greek– both words suggest “deer.”

The red deer is believed to be a team of species, yet the specific variety of species has actually not been developed. American elk were believed to be a subspecies of red deer yet have actually currently been verified genetically to be an unique species.

Red Deer Appearance

Red deer are the 4th- biggest deer species on the planet, after the moose, elk, and sambar deer. You can identify red deer by their red- brownish hair, which expands thicker and a lot more grey in shade in the fall and is dropped in the springtime. In some areas, specifically in the UK and Norway, stags likewise expand a brief neck hair in the fall.

buck in the pathway
Red deer are the 4th biggest deer species on the planet.

OldskoolDesign/Shutterstock. com

The stags (males) are bigger, evaluating 350 to 530 lbs., contrasted to 260- 370 pounds. for hinds (females). Stags have excellent branching horns that are made from bone and are dropped each winter season. When brand-new ones expand back in the springtime they are covered in skin or ‘velour’ that shrivels and awaits tatters and is abraded versus branches by the stag. The horns are bigger and a lot more branched annually, supplying a great indicator of the deer’s age.

Red deer have an also variety of toes on each unguis, like camels, goats, and livestock. They have big oval- designed ears with sharp ideas. They have dark eyes placed high up on the head to provide exceptional exposure.

Red Deer Habits

Red deer live the majority of their lives in exact same- sex herds that integrate just throughout mating period. Herds of females might expand as big as 50 participants. Male herds are a lot more freely structured, and it is not uncommon for older stags to stray to live singular lives.

Red deer of both sexes combat adversaries by kicking incredibly with their front legs. Stags likewise protect themselves with their horns when they have them. Stags bellow noisally to bring in friends and caution off opponents. Their telephone calls can be listened to over country miles.

Red Deer Environment

Red deer flourish in a range of environments: fully grown woodlands, fields, swamps, timberlands, and hills. They choose forest locations that have verdant clearings up for grazing. They normally invest winters months at reduced elevations in woody surface. In the summer season they move to greater altitudes.

They are native to Europe, the Caucasus Hills, Turkey, Iran, and western Asia. In old times they went across the Straight of Gibraltar from Spain to Morocco and are today the only real deer species discovered in Africa. In the Atlas Hills of North Africa, they stay in semi- dry desert problems.

Due to their appeal in sporting activity searching and worth as a food resource, they have actually been presented to numerous various other locations of the globe, consisting of Australia, New Zealand, Canada, the USA and South America. In Australia red deer are taken into consideration to be an intrusive bug, doing incredible ecological damages to native plants and animals.

Red Deer Diet

Red deer are ruminants with 4- chambered tummies. They eat their food in 2 phases, enabling it to ferment prior to partly spewing it and re- eating it.

They prefer yards, moss, and various other floral plants, tender shoots of trees and hedges, in addition to mushrooms.

Red Deer Predators, Dangers, and Conservation Status

In its initial variety in Europe, North Africa, and western Asia, couple of all-natural predators continue to be for grown-up red deer. In some locations grey wolves and brown bears are still energetic and might take advantage of them, specifically the young, senior, or unwell. Little calf bones can be victim for foxes, golden eagles, and residential dogs.

Humans are the red deer’s best predators, because of sporting activity searching, searching for food, and making use of antler velour in Eastern Eastern alternative medications. Their horns have actually likewise been prominent in European background as ornamental products, clothing hooks, light fixtures, and horn furnishings. Red deer have actually been renowned signs in European and Eastern Art because ancient times.

Because red deer are viewed as a beneficial species they have actually been presented to various other nations all over the world, and re- presented to locations where they had actually mored than- pursued, so their numbers are growing.

In Europe and Asia red deer are intermixing with Japanese sika deer. In the long-term, this might lower the frequency of the initial red deer population.

Red Deer Reproduction, Infants and Life Expectancy

Stags are singular or in little teams of bachelors up until breeding period, which is called the “rut.” After that, they complete for hinds, testing each other and combating with horns, occasionally triggering severe injury.

Stags in between the ages of 4- 11 adhere to herds of as numerous as 20 hinds from August with very early winter season, mating with several females in the exact same period. They holler to maintain their hareem with each other and caution off competing males. You can listen to the noise of stags a country mile away. Females appear to be most drawn in to those that holler usually and most noisally.

Hinds get to sex-related maturation at 2 years of ages. They normally remain with each other in big herds with various other females, escaping just for a couple of days to discover a peaceful place to deliver. Pregnancy takes 240- 262 days. They normally have just one children, evaluating concerning 35 pounds. Discouraged after concerning 2 months, calf bones remain with their moms for a year, leaving just when their brother or sisters are birthed the list below year.

Calf bones are birthed discovered and shed their areas by the end of summer season. Places are still noticeable in the summer season layers of some grownups.

In the wild, red deer generally live 10- 13 years yet can make it through over twenty years in bondage.

Red Deer Population

The around the world population of red deer is unidentified, yet their numbers in Europe have actually been approximated at 1.7 million. The conservation status of red deer is “least concern.” They are so abundant around the world and versatile to various environments that also if they go extinct in a city the species lingers somewhere else and can be effectively reestablished to previous environments.

Associated Animals


  1. The British Deer Society, Available here:
  2. Wikipedia, Available here:
  3. World Deer, Available here:
  4., Available here:
  5. New World Encylopedia, Available here:

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