Racer Snake

The racer snake can speed away at up to 3.5 miles per hour
Racer Snake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Coluber constrictor
Racer Snake Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Yellow, Blue, Green
10 years
Racer Snake Distribition

” These terrific tree mountain climbers are called ‘‘ racers’ as a result of their capability to dart far from risk at approximately 3.5 miles per hr!”

The racer snake, likewise called the Eastern racer snake, is a non- poisonous species of 11 subspecies discovered in The United States and Canada and Central America, from southerly Canada to Guatemala. Their scientific name is “ Coluber constrictor,” not since the snake restricts its victim to eliminate it, however since it will certainly push top of the victim and push down on it with its body. After that it ingests the restrained victim active.

Although it does not infuse poison and is not toxic therefore, the snake frequently attacks humans out of regarded danger. When collared, it shakes its tail and starts out numerous times. If it does not attack, you are most likely to see the snake swiftly scooting away at rates of approximately 3.5 miles per hr. In its complication, it might mistakenly dart right towards you! This is why it has the name “racer snake,” since it appears to go after individuals and animals that cross its course. They fast, dexterous, and superb mountain climbers that remain energetic throughout the day. Lots of people perplex this snake with the very toxic and often fatal cottonmouth because of its coloring.

5 Outstanding Racer Snake Truths

  • The racer snake can scamper at approximately 3.5 miles per hr.
  • The female racer injures to 36 eggs each time, often right into a public nest with eggs of various other snakes.
  • Non- poisonous and for that reason not toxic, this snake will certainly still strike humans by attacking a number of times in fast sequence if it really feels collared.
  • There are 11 subspecies of racer snakes in The United States and Canada and Central America, each differing in grown-up shades and adolescent snake patterns.
  • They are terrific tree mountain climbers and frequently enter into trees to feed on bird eggs and also tiny birds like finches and canaries.

Where to Locate Racer Snakes

The racer snake is just one of one of the most generally seen snakes in The United States and Canada and Central America. This is since they frequently stay in city locations along with humans, such as in waste stacks, along roadsides, and also in property communities. Actually, it is one of the most frequently seen snake in communities of Florida. Still, the snakes have choices in where they live, such as close to water, on open meadows, in woodlands, and in semi- deserts. They flourish around swamps, brush, bushes, and trees where they can conceal covert. The snakes likewise climb up trees looking for tiny victim like bird eggs, infant birds, grown-up finches, canaries, or thrashers.

Within Canada, racer snakes are discovered in Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, and Saskatchewan. In the USA, they are discovered in every state. However they are least typical in New Mexico, Arizona, Minnesota, Maine, and the northern most sections of New york city, Vermont, and New Hampshire. In Central America, they are discovered in primarily eastern components of Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala.

The breeding period for racer snakes is April to June of annually. Throughout this time around, they might appear a lot more noticeable than throughout various other months or periods. Juveniles hatch out in very early autumn, after which they are frequently seen. Juveniles typically have actually formed pigmentation that ends up being strong as the snakes age right into the adult years. Humans frequently eliminate the non- toxic and also safe racer snakes, generally since they look so similar to cottonmouths that are so been afraid for their bite. Because of this, you can frequently discover eastern racers dead in booming locations. They are frequently struck by cars and trucks on freeways and also on community roads.

Sorts Of Racer Snakes

There are 11 subspecies of racer snakes. The cumulative species, under the scientific name Coluber constrictor, are generally called eastern racers. With each other, every one of these 11 subspecies compose the genus Coluber

The 11 Coluber constrictor subspecies consist of:

  • Blue racer ( Coluber constrictor foxii) – These eastern racers with lovely blue pigmentation stay in Wisconsin, Iowa, Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, and Illinois, in addition to the Pelee Island of Ontario. They choose to live much from humans and are regularly prey to residential cats and dogs.
  • Western yellow- bellied racer ( Coluber constrictor mormon) – Likewise called the western racer, this snake stays in The golden state, Oregon, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Montana, and Colorado. Its dorsal side is brownish, eco-friendly, or blue with a yellow bottom.
  • Mexican racer ( Coluber constrictor oaxaca) – Found primarily in Mexico, this racer can likewise often be discovered in Texas or Guatemala and steps just approximately regarding 40in in size.
  • Eastern yellow- bellied racer ( Coluber constrictor flaviventris) – As its name indicates, this racer has a yellow stomach. Its dorsal side is olive grey- eco-friendly. The snake stays in Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota, likewise varying as much eastern as Iowa and as much southern as Texas and Louisiana.
  • Buttermilk Racer ( Coluber constrictor anthicus) – This Louisiana, Texas, and Arkansas racer is formed with shades of black, grey, eco-friendly, blue, yellow, and white in the adult years.
  • North black racer ( Coluber constrictor constrictor) – This black racer snake lives throughout the eastern united state and as much west as Ohio and Kentucky. Its array joins that of the southern black racer and the eastern yellow- bellied racer.
  • Tan racer ( Coluber constrictor etheridgei) – The tan- tinted racer lives just in the yearn Flatwoods of Louisiana and Texas.
  • Brownish- chinned racer ( Coluber constrictor helvigularis) – This black racer snake has an obvious light- tinted chin and stays in the panhandle of Florida.
  • Black- concealed racer ( Coluber constrictor latrunculus) – Diverse in between grey, blue- grey, and brownish in shade, this racer has a black noting expanding from each eye to the rear of its head. They stay in Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana cypress swamps and woody bottomlands.
  • Everglades racer ( Coluber constrictor paludicola) – Called for the Everglades of Florida in which it lives, this racer includes grey to olive dorsal pigmentation.
  • Southern black racer ( Coluber constrictor priapus) – This racer is just one of one of the most typical of the species, discovered in southerly states of the united state. It is primarily black in shade with a light chin.

The red racer snake, likewise called the coachwhip, is a carefully- relevant snake not in the very same genus as the 11 eastern racers. Rather than remaining in the genus Coluber and family Colubridae, the red racer remains in the genus Masticophis of the family Colubridae. This promptly- relocating snake shares several qualities with the eastern racer snakes. However the red racer is 0.5 miles per hour quicker in rate and longer in dimension than an eastern racer. The red coachwhips likewise choose sandy areas and yearn woodlands for their environment.

Likewise, one more “racer” kind snake is the California whipsnake ( Masticophis lateralis). This snake is not an eastern racer subspecies and is in fact a lot more carefully pertaining to the “red racer” coachwhip. The The golden state whipsnake remains in the genus Masticophis with the coachwhip, in the very same family (Colubridae) as the Coluber constrictors. Masticophis lateralis is quickly separated by its dark eco-friendly to black dorsal pigmentation with a lively yellow red stripe on each side, from head to tail. The whipsnake is likewise smaller sized in dimension than many grown-up racers, determining just in between 36in and 45in long.

Racer Snake Scientific Name

The eastern racer snake ( Coluber constrictor) is a species of 11 at the same time- called subspecies. They come from the family Colibrudae and class Reptilia in the order Squamata. “Coluber” is the Latin term for “snake.” “Constrictor” describes the snake’s activities when searching and consuming its victim. However that term is perplexing, because the racer snake does not “restrict” its victim to asphyxiate it by curling around it as boa constrictors do. Rather, the racer positions its body in addition to the victim to control it by applying body weight and light stress. The racer generally eats its food while the victim is still active.

Racer Snake Population and Conservation Status

The population and conservation status of each of the 11 racer snake subspecies differ. The conservation status for the snake species total is noted as “Least Concern” and “Steady” since 2012 by the IUCN Red Listing of EndangeredSpecies The IUCN likewise notes the population matter as unidentified however most likely surpassing 1,000,000.

According to NatureServe species tracking, there are some troubles with the snake’s preservation in some areas. Issue areas for racer preservation consist of:

  • Arizona, U.S.A. – Seriously threatened
  • Alberta, Canada – Seriously threatened
  • Ontario, Canada – Seriously threatened(* )Ohio, U.S.A. – Seriously threatened
  • New Hampshire, U.S.A. – Seriously threatened
  • Wisconsin, U.S.A. – Endangered(* )Maine, U.S.A. – Endangered
  • Saskatchewan, Canada – Endangered
  • British Columbia, Canada – Endangered
  • New Mexico, U.S.A. –
  • Minnesota, U.S.A. –
  • Vermont, U.S.A. – Vulnerable

In The Golden State, Florida, and numerous various other united state states, the condition of the snake is unidentified.

Just How to Determine Vulnerable and Summary

Racer Snakes snakes from all 11 subspecies are typically strong tinted as grownups, frequently varying in between shades of brownish, eco-friendly, olive, grey, blue, and black on the dorsal side with a lighter tinted bottom. However in several areas, such as where the southern black racer snake predominates, the animal looks quite like a cottonmouth. Likewise called a “water moccasin,” the cottonmouth is just one of one of the most poisonous snakes in The United States and Canada. Consequently, there is little time for humans to recognize a non Appearance poisonous racer snake prior to concern can take control of. The quickest approach of setting apart both is to check out the snake’s head.

A triangular Racer designed head is an obvious sign that the snake is poisonous and potentially a hazardous cottonmouth. An oblong, unpronounced head form can swiftly show the snake is an usual and non- poisonous racer.- snakes are lengthy and lean, coming up to 60 inches in size. They can find as slightly hostile if they are collared or alarmed. In such situations, the snake frequently considers blasting the humans or animals making it really feel intimidated. It will certainly shake its tail and might snap consistently in fast attacking activities. Although it attacks, the snake does not have fangs with poison and will certainly not create damage. The racer’s real choice is to get away the location of the regarded danger. It can slink away as rapid as 3.5 miles per hour.- Adolescent racer snakes usually have actually formed pigmentation on the dorsal side of their bodies. This can make their recognition harder than when they maturate and have actually strong tinted backs. The exemption to this guideline is the buttermilk racer of Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas, which has actually a formed pigmentation in the adult years.

Racer Just how to recognize a racer snake:

  • Strong dorsal pigmentation for many grownups, generally varying from blue and eco-friendly to tones of brownish, grey, olive, or black
  • Lighter tinted underbelly for all subspecie
  • An oblong formed, non triangular head- Blotchy- formed adolescent pigmentation
  • Dimension of in between 20 and 60 inches long and approximately 1.5 extra pounds- Swift get away rate of approximately 3.5 miles per hr
  • Base on the ground or in trees
  • Frequently discovered in property communities, waste stacks, yards, and brushy city locations
  • As a diurnal species, a lot more energetic and regularly seen in daytime


Baron's green racer is a rear-fanged venomous snake species with a remarkable "nose".
Baron’s eco-friendly racer is a back Racer Snake fanged poisonous snake species with an exceptional “nose”
reptiles4all/Shutterstock. com
The Northern Black Racer in the woodlands of Lake Minnewaska State Park in Ulster County New York. It has a solid black, cylindrical body with a bluish belly and white chin.The North Black in the timberlands of Lake Minnewaska State Park in Ulster Region New York City. It has a strong black, round body with a blue stomach and white chin.

Andrew F. Kazmierski/Shutterstock. comRacer A huge and vivid Eastern Yellow

A large and colorful Eastern Yellow-bellied Racer snake, Coluber constrictor flaviventris, coiled defensively with a large meal in its belly.

Coluber constrictor flaviventris, curled defensively with a big meal in its stomach.
Matt Jeppson/Shutterstock. comRacer

Just How Harmful Are They?

Racer Snakes poisonous and not harmful. However they are slightly hostile if really feeling intimidated. If collared, the racer might shake its tail and snap consistently in a fast collection of attacks. The attacks are neither agonizing neither harmful. The snake does not have fangs. Most of the times, the snake chooses to slink swiftly away at rates of approximately 3.5 miles per hr. If you are attacked by a racer snake, simply tidy the location of the bite all right with cozy, soapy water to get rid of any type of microorganisms. You will certainly not typically require any type of clinical focus unless you experience unusual blood loss or infection.

Racer Habits and – Humans

Racer snakes are neither poisonous neither insects to humans, beyond the snake sometimes remaining in the incorrect area at the incorrect time. If you cross their course, the snake will typically reveal why it is called a “racer,” crawling away at an outstanding 3.5 miles per hour. If among the snakes really feels intimidated and collared, it might attack rather than getting away. With a collection of fast attacks, it will certainly not hurt a human however can create concern! In general, the snake simply intends to be enabled to leave your method.

Racer Snake In general, the snakes assist regulate tiny rodents and various other insect populaces where humans live. This is why the reptiles are regularly seen in property communities and various other city setups. They live well in waste stacks and various other locations where they can quickly discover their victim of mice, lizards, insects, tiny birds, and various other tiny animals.


  1. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_racer
  2. Britannica, Available here: https://www.britannica.com/animal/racer-snake
  3. Tennessee Wildlife Resource Agency, Available here: https://www.tn.gov/twra/wildlife/reptiles/snakes/north-american-racer.html
  4. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Carolina, Available here: https://herpsofnc.org/racer/
  5. The Young Forest Project, Available here: https://youngforest.org/who-lives-there/north-american-racer
  6. Amphibians and Reptiles of Iowa, Available here: http://www.herpnet.net/Iowa-Herpetology/reptiles/snakes/north-american-racer-coluber-constrictor/
  7. Animal Diversity Web, Available here: https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Coluber_constrictor/
  8. University of Georgia, Available here: https://srelherp.uga.edu/snakes/colcon.htm
  9. The Reptile Database, Available here: https://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Coluber&species=constrictor
  10. Virginia Herpetological Society, Available here: https://www.virginiaherpetologicalsociety.com/reptiles/snakes/northern-black-racer/northern_black_racer.php
  11. MN Department of Natural Resources, Available here: https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/rsg/profile.html?action=elementDetail&selectedElement=ARADB07010
  12. University of Florida, Available here: https://nwdistrict.ifas.ufl.edu/nat/2019/01/31/a-speedy-serpent-the-southern-black-racer/
  13. ITIS, Available here: https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=174169#null
  14. Nature Serve Explorer, Available here: https://explorer.natureserve.org/Taxon/ELEMENT_GLOBAL.2.103328/Coluber_constrictor
  15. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_yellow-bellied_racer
  16. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coluber_constrictor_foxii
  17. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coluber_constrictor_flaviventris
  18. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coluber_constrictor_anthicus
  19. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_black_racer
  20. Wikipedia, Available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coluber_constrictor_etheridgei
  21. California Herps, Available here: http://www.californiaherps.com/noncal/misc/miscsnakes/pages/c.c.paludicola.html

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