The quagga is a subspecies of plains zebra.
Quagga Scientific Classification
Scientific name
†Equus quagga quagga
Quagga Physical Characteristics
Brown, Black, White
Top speed
40 mph
250kg-300kg (551lbs-661lbs)
Quagga Distribition

” The quagga came to be extinct over 130 years back.”

The quagga was a special species of zebra that existed till the late 19th century. These spectacular animals had a strange appearance when contrasted to various other zebras. Their skins were significantly preferred and were ultimately collected for human usage. The term quagga was as soon as made use of jointly to describe all zebras. At one more moment, quaggas were identified as an entirely different species. After analyzing their DNA, researchers have actually discovered that the currently outdated quaggas were really a subspecies of levels zebra. Regrettably, these animals were very untouched and underestimated while they were still about.

5 Unbelievable Quagga realities!

Some intriguing realities concerning the quagga you could not understand:

  • Just one living quagga was ever before photographed. There are 5 images out there of the mare that stayed in the London zoo.
  • In the past, researchers thought these animals were a different species from zebras.
  • Quaggas were largely diurnal, though one participant of the herd would certainly constantly stand guard in the evening.
  • The very first- ever before animal to have its DNA evaluated was the quagga.
  • Quaggas would certainly brush each various other to maintain tidy and rid each various other of aggravating parasites and bloodsuckers.

Quagga Scientific name

Equus quagga quagga is the scientific name for these animals. The quagga remains in the Mammalia class, and it comes from the Equidae family. There is just one species. The name “quagga” is an onomatopoeia, or replica of the noise made by the animal. The phone call, as explained by South Africans, is a “kwa- ha- ha” noise. The enunciation of words “quagga” makes use of a brief “A” noise. The very first component of words is articulated like “flag.” The appropriate enunciation of quagga is “kwag- uh.”

Quagga Appearance

The animal’s appearance was relatively similar to a zebra, yet it had appreciable attributes. Its appearance has actually likewise been generally contrasted to a horse. It had actually extended legs, and the tail had lengthy hair on completion. The legs were exceptionally solid and were created strolling cross countries and ranging frompredators They can get to rates of 40 miles per hr. They can likewise utilize their legs to provide an effective protective kick. Like all ungulates, they had unguis. Unguis are really hard and it would certainly be fairly unpleasant to be kicked by one.

The hair shade was white to brownish and had dark brownish or black red stripes. The red stripe pattern on the animal was not the like various other zebra species. The red stripes did not cover the whole body as they do on various other zebras. They would certainly go out or quit someplace listed below the neck or shoulders. The regular size of the animal had to do with 257 centimeters or 101 inches. That is practically 8- and- a- half feet long. The elevation was 49 to 53 inches, which is 3- quarters as high as a fridge. Its weight varied in between 250 and 300 kgs (551- 661 extra pounds). The optimum weight of the animal is as hefty as 2 panda bears. A grown-up panda evaluates concerning 150 extra pounds generally.

These animals are a subspecies of levels zebra ( Equus quagga) or typical zebra. There are 5 various other subspecies carefully pertaining to the quagga. Burchell’s zebra ( Equus quagga burchellii), Chapman’s zebra ( Equus quagga chapmani), Crawshay’s zebra ( Equus quagga crawshayi), Give’s zebra ( Equus quagga boehmi), and Maneless zebra ( Equus quagga borensis) are the various other subspecies of the typical zebra. Extra family members of the quagga consist of various other species of zebras, horses, and butts (or donkeys). They are all participants of the Equidae family.

Taxidermied Quagga in the Naturhistorisches Museum of Basel.
Taxidermied Quagga in the Naturhistorisches Gallery of Basel.

Quagga Habits

Considering That they were not mainly researched till after their termination day in the 19th century, there wants info on the habits of these animals. It has actually been kept in mind that they were very social animals. They stayed in huge herds, or hareems and would certainly move in teams to feed. While some animals move for the wintertime, they did not. They took a trip day-to-day instead of moving for a certain period.

In the daytime, they would certainly take a trip to levels or fields with longer lawn to prey on. In the center of the day, along their trip, they would certainly stop briefly to consume water from neighboring streams or various other water resources. They would certainly stroll back to the location of much shorter lawn where they would certainly invest their evenings. The reduced lawn levels were a lot more open and made it harder for predators to conceal, providing a far better possibility to rest securely. One participant of the hareem would certainly constantly watch out for threat while the remainder of the herd relaxed over night.

Quagga Environment

These animals lived specifically on the continent of Africa. They were belonging to South Africa specifically. They were plentiful in Orange Free State and in Cape District, particularly in the Karoo area. The karoo is a large desert shrubland subregion of South Africa that varies throughout Northern, Eastern, and Western Cape districts. They populated dry and warm environments. The animals would certainly invest their lives in meadow and savanna environments. These grazers were discovered in fields and levels where there would certainly be lots of lawn to prey on.

Quagga Diet

These animals were migratory grazers. Their diet was not specifically interesting since they just consumed one kind of food. They were not predators to any type of animals and just consumed plants.

What do quaggas eat?

These animals were herbivores with an easy diet. Their day-to-day consumption of food was restricted to lawns. Together with water to consume, lawn provided every one of the nutrition quaggas required to make it through. These fussy eaters chosen to forage on high lawn as there was plenty a lot more for the entire hareem to eat than much shorter lawn fields can give. Turf is the primary food resource for various other zebras too. Nevertheless, various other species will certainly likewise periodically eat extra plant issue such as fallen leaves and branches, and often treat on fruit.

Quagga Predators and dangers

Quaggas, like the majority of animals, dealt with dangers from all-natural predators in the wild. The most significant danger to them, nevertheless, verified to be humans. For years, they were pursued in multitudes for their meat and skins. They were likewise regularly searched for sporting activity. The threat of wild predators was an irrelevant consider their death in contrast to the large influence humans made. These animals were not very related to by many individuals. Farmers and inhabitants did not prefer these animals since they saw them as competitors to their animals’s food supply.

Unfortunately, there were no preservation initiatives or securities in position for these animals while they lived. If there were, there would perhaps still be some quaggas around today. Their standing on the IUCN Red Checklist is extinct. Humans had actually currently eliminated a lot of quaggas prior to anybody had the possibility to understand they were one- of- a- kind. This eventually caused their termination in the 19th century. With time, humans have actually created numerous species to come to be extinct. The depressing fact is that when there are no living cells left, there is absolutely nothing that can be done to bring them back. Humans require to function harder in both understanding and stopping the termination of animals.

What consumes quaggas?

Lions are understood seekers of quaggas. They would certainly conceal in the high lawn, tracking their sufferer. The lion would certainly strike and eliminate a quagga with its magnificent jaws prior to delighting in it. Various other huge cats belonging to South Africa, such as cheetahs and leopards, were prospective predators to quaggas too. Basically, any type of animals that prey upon zebras probably targeted quaggas likewise.

Quagga Reproduction, Children and Life Expectancy

Quaggas replicated sexually. Their breeding habits was just like that of zebras. They were polygynous which implies one male would certainly mate with numerous females. The females, on the various other hand, would normally just mate with a solitary male. There would normally be one stallion that would certainly mate with each female in a hareem. The stallion would certainly take a filly, or young ovulating female, from the team. He would certainly combat various other stallions to declare her. This regimen would certainly happen monthly. It would certainly spend some time for the filly to develop, maybe a whole year. After mating, the gestation duration would certainly last for one more year.

After bring the infant in her womb for concerning a year, the mom quagga would certainly offer live birth to one infant called a foal. Foals were birthed precocial, implying they can stroll and see quickly after birth. They were relatively independent today. Foals consumed milk from their mommies till they discouraged at about 11 months old. They would certainly after that begin grazing on lawn like the older participants. They would generally stick with the herd for their entire life time.

The life-span for quaggas differed relying on where they lived. Quaggas in the wild would certainly live to around twenty years old. In bondage, where they were taken care of and had a lot more defense, they met two times as lengthy. Quaggas maintained in zoos would certainly live as long as 40 years with the included security that can originate from not being pursued and being cared for.

Quagga Population

Unfortunately, the existing population of quaggas is absolutely no. Their numbers have actually been entirely eliminated and are currently extinct. They no more exist due generally to the species being mainly pursued by humans. There were numerous unidentified realities concerning quaggas in the past. When researchers recognized exactly how unique these animals were, it was far too late to secure them. Wide understanding of this unique animal was lengthy exceeded by its termination day in the 1800s. In August of 1883, the last recognized quagga passed away in bondage. The mare was living at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam when she passed. It is thought that the last wild quagga was eliminated by a seeker years previously around 1878.

There is presently a program that intends to restore quaggas. In 1987, The Quagga Job was begun by a team of researchers and volunteers in South Africa. The team makes use of careful reproduction of zebras to look similar to quaggas. They call this “reproducing back.” They have actually effectively reproduced plenty of samplings that look practically the same to the initial quaggas. The inquiry postured by numerous is whether these animals can be real quaggas genetically. This is since the emphasis is only on exactly how they look aesthetically. Some suggest that they do not have real physical attributes and features of a real quagga.


  1. EOL, Available here: https://eol.org/pages/31999507
  2. Britannica, Available here: https://www.britannica.com/animal/quagga
  3. Britannica Kids, Available here: https://kids.britannica.com/kids/article/quagga/602209
  4. Smithsonian Magazine, Available here: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/quagga-the-lost-zebra-44769800/
  5. Animal Diversity Web, Available here: https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Equus_quagga/
  6. New World Encyclopedia, Available here: https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Quagga
  7. Safaris Africana, Available here: https://safarisafricana.com/quagga-extinct-zebra/
  8. The Quagga Project, Available here: https://www.quaggaproject.org/

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