Pygmy Hippopotamus

Spends more time on land than in water!
Pygmy Hippopotamus Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Choeropsis liberiensis
Pygmy Hippopotamus Physical Characteristics
Pink, Light Grey, Dark Grey
30 – 40 years
Top speed
18.6 mph
160kg – 270kg (350lbs – 600lbs)
Pygmy Hippopotamus Distribition

Pygmy Hippopotamus Classification and Development

The Pygmy Hippopotamus is a tool- sized vegetarian creature that is discovered populating the damp woodlands and swamps of West Africa. The Pygmy Hippopotamus is very closely pertaining to Africa’s various other Hippopotamus species, which is the Typical Hippopotamus however is a lot smaller sized in dimension considering around a fifth of its substantial relative’s weight. Although both species might look really similar there are in fact a variety of remarkable distinctions as the Pygmy Hippopotamus has a narrower mouth and sleeker body that aids it when relocating promptly via the thick plant life in the forest. They additionally invest a lot less time in the water contrasted to the Typical Hippopotamus and also remainder in burrows in the plant life on river financial institutions. Unlike its bigger relative however, the Pygmy Hippopotamus is an extremely uncommon animal that is seriously endangered in its staying environments by both searching and environment loss which seems difficult to regulate in such an uncontrolled area.

Pygmy Hippopotamus Makeup and Appearance

The Pygmy Hippopotamus has a lengthy barrel- designed body that is covered in slate- grey skin, which lightens in the direction of the bottom. The head of the Pygmy Hippopotamus is tiny in regard to its body dimension and in addition to its narrower mouth, makes it much easier for them to go through the woodland at rate. As a result of the reality that the Pygmy Hippopotamus has actually developed to being even more land- residence than the bigger Typical Hippopotamus, they have a variety of adjustments that help them when in the thick woodland. Although the Pygmy Hippopotamus is still semi- marine and will certainly get in the water, they have less webbed toes than their relative to aid them relocate better ashore, and their eyes are additionally discovered on the sides of their head instead of on the top which once again aids them to see even more around them when they are among the trees. The Pygmy Hippopotamus additionally has actually lengthy dogs called tusks and although they are no- method near as excellent as those discovered in the mouth of the Typical Hippopotamus, they are still utilized for frightening opponents and burglars.

Pygmy Hippopotamus Distribution and Environment

Although the Pygmy Hippopotamus would certainly have when been discovered throughout even more of its existing variety, proof recommends that the species has actually constantly been relatively uncommon. Pygmy Hippopotamuses are discovered in Liberia and Cote d’Ivoire in western Africa, in addition to there additionally being a couple of tiny and separated populaces in adjoining Sierra Leone and Guinea. The Pygmy Hippopotamus occupies locations of thick, lowland exotic woodland and swampland, where it invests most of its time foraging for food and hing on land. Although that Pygmy Hippopotamus populaces have actually never ever been also countless, their numbers have actually decreased substantially particularity over current years because of both searching and environment loss. The all-natural exotic woodlands that the Pygmy Hippopotamus inhabits are additionally residence to uncommon and looked for- after exotic woods, with these locations for that reason undergoing high degrees of prohibited logging.

Pygmy Hippopotamus Behaviour and Lifestyle

Unlike the bigger and a lot more friendly Typical Hippopotamus, the Pygmy Hippopotamus does not reside in herds and remains in reality, mainly singular. Investing the warm days relaxing in the great mud or in the burrow of one more animal (such as an Otter) that it has bigger, the Pygmy Hippopotamus invests fairly little of its time in water and has a tendency to utilize it a lot more as a haven if it really feels endangered. The Pygmy Hippopotamus is nighttime and forages in the woodland during the night for a variety of plant issue and dropped fruits. Like their bigger relative, the Pygmy Hippopotamus complies with well- beaten and significant courses in between its feeding and relaxing premises and can dart via these passages at an exceptional rate if it really feels at risk. Although Pygmy Hippopotamuses wander private residence varies it is not unusual for them to overlap those of others, and they are also recognized to endure the visibility of various other people in their area.

Pygmy Hippopotamus Reproduction and Life Process

Throughout the reproducing period is among the major times when male Pygmy Hippopotamuses come to be a lot more hostile and will certainly bare their teeth and also battle with each other to gain the right to mate with the regional females. After a gestation duration that lasts for in between 6 and 7 months, the female Pygmy Hippopotamus brings to life a solitary calf bone either in a den in the thick plant life or in the water. Pygmy Hippopotamus calf bones evaluate simply under 6kg at birth and are completely discouraged by the time they are 8 months old, after which they start to accompany their mommy on foraging journeys in the woodland. Pygmy Hippopotamuses are reasonably lengthy- living animals that usually get to older ages than the ordinary Typical Hippopotamus, particularity when maintained in bondage.

Pygmy Hippopotamus Diet and Target

The Pygmy Hippopotamus is a vegetarian animal which suggests that it just forages for and eats various kinds of plant issue in order to obtain every one of the nutrients that it requires to make it through. Unlike the Typical Hippopotamus that largely (and practically just) preys on turfs, the Pygmy Hippopotamus has a a lot more different diet and eats a vast array a plants and plant product throughout the woodland. The Pygmy Hippopotamus forages under the cover of evening consuming turfs, brushes, leaves, hedges and fruits that have actually dropped onto the woodland flooring from the branches over. The Pygmy Hippopotamus utilizes unique passage via the thick forest to stir most securely in between its relaxing and feeding premises, guaranteeing that it can constantly have an excellent path of getaway if risk methods.

Pygmy Hippopotamus Predators and Hazards

As a result of the reasonably plus size of the Pygmy Hippopotamus it has couple of all-natural predators within its indigenous woodland environments with the exemption of sometimes being tracked by aLeopard The smaller sized and a lot more vulnerable calf bones nevertheless, are preyed up by a variety of forest predators consisting of various other Wildcats and big Snakes such as Pythons, that are able quickly ambush the vulnerable young calf bone whilst its mommy is out foraging. The most significant danger to the staying Pygmy Hippopotamus populaces nevertheless is individuals, that have actually pursued them for their meat and have actually ruined huge locations of their one-of-a-kind woodland environments. The usually prohibited logging of much of Africa‘‘ s exotic rain forest is to give uncommon, unique timbers for the hardwood market and to clear land to give way for farming and farming.

Pygmy Hippopotamus Fascinating Truths and Functions

As a result of the manner in which the skin of the Pygmy Hippopotamus is comprised, the animal can not sweat so when it enters call with air their skin quickly runs out. Although this is not an issue in the water, to battle this the remainder of the time a pink, oily compound is produced via glands in the skin which is not just believed to protect against sunburn however additionally might have anti- microbial homes that aids to maintain injuries tidy and protect against infection from the filthy water. The Pygmy Hippopotamus has somewhat webbed feet, which aid it when it is strolling on sloppy river bases and up unsafe financial institutions. Their webbed feet nevertheless do not confirm to be a downside ashore, as the Pygmy Hippopotamus can rushing via the well- significant passages in the plant life at rates of as much as 30kph. Regardless of their appearance, both species of Hippopotamus are in fact believed to be a lot more very closely pertaining to Whales than they are to various other also- toed creatures.

Pygmy Hippopotamus Partnership with Humans

The Pygmy Hippopotamus has actually amazed individuals because the old Egyptian times however they have actually additionally been made use of by them. Although currently lawfully shielded, this uncommon and evasive animal is looked for both its teeth and its meat, which in spite of not being very closely relevant, is stated to taste like pork. Individuals nevertheless, have actually additionally had damaging influences on Pygmy Hippopotamus populaces throughout much of their all-natural variety with logging of their indigenous environments pressing these animals right into ever before smaller sized and a lot more separated areas. Logging for the hardwood market and land clearance for farming is prohibited in lots of components of their all-natural variety however is regretfully way too much of a location to patrol efficiently so the technique proceeds still, with Pygmy Hippopotamuses additionally after that being poached while doing so.

Pygmy Hippopotamus Conservation Status and Life Today

Today, the Pygmy Hippopotamus is detailed by the IUCN as an animal species that is Endangered in its natural surroundings and is seriously in jeopardy from extinct in the future. The below- species of Pygmy Hippopotamus discovered in Niger is rarer still and detailed by the Red Listing as being Seriously Endangered, although lots of think that it might regretfully currently be extinct. There are much less than 3,000 Pygmy Hippopotamus people approximated to be left foraging in the warm, damp woodlands of western Africa today and numbers appear be decreasing still because of prohibited searching and environment loss.


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  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
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  8. Pygmy Hippopotamus Facts, Available here:
  9. Pygmy Hippopotamus Conservation, Available here:

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