Can remain in the water for up to 2 minutes!
Puffin Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Fratercula arctica
Puffin Physical Characteristics
Grey, Black, White
15 – 30 years
Top speed
55 mph
368.5g – 481.9g (13oz – 17oz)
Puffin Distribition

Puffin Classification and Advancement

The Puffin is a little species of seabird that is carefully pertaining to various other auks such as guillemots. There are 4 various species of Puffin that are located populating the chillier problems of the north Atlantic which are the Atlantic Puffin, the Tufted Puffin, the Horned Puffin and the Rhinoceros Auklet that regardless of its name and varying appearance stays among the 4 Puffin species around today. Best understood for their brilliantly coloured, triangular beaks, Puffins are among one of the most distinct of all seabirds and although they are ruled out to be an endangered species, Puffins are extinct from lots of locations where they would certainly have as soon as been located in wealth. In spite of their penguin- like position and appearance, Puffins have the ability to fly exceptionally well and have actually been understood to get to rates of greater than 50mph for brief time periods.

Puffin Makeup and Appearance

Puffins are tiny sized birds that have thick black and white tuft that assists to maintain them cozy in the chilly problems of the northern most, North Hemisphere. They have black necks, backs and wings with white underparts and creamy colored plumes on the sides of the face. Their feet and legs are a boring yellow colour throughout the chillier winter season, altering to a brilliant orange throughout the reproducing period. Puffins are birds with wide, squashed costs that are big and triangular fit and popular for their brilliantly coloured markings. Red diminishes the whole size and throughout the pointer with the base being of a much more greyish colour with stepping in yellow markings and similarly as their legs and feet, the costs of the Puffin is a lot more brilliantly coloured throughout the warmer reproduction period, ending up being duller as they dropped for the chillier winter season. Although both males and females are virtually the same in appearance, males often tend to be somewhat bigger in dimension than their female equivalents and can for that reason be a lot more conveniently recognized when both sexes are seen with each other.

Puffin Distribution and Environment

Puffins are birds that are located populating the sea and seaside areas of the North Hemisphere most generally in the Atlantic, Pacific and partly of the Polar circle. The precise area of the Puffin is mostly dependant on the species with the the Atlantic Puffin populating shorelines throughout the North Atlantic Sea, from Denmark in the eastern to Canada in the west, and from north Norway right to the Canary Islands and Spain in the south however not in the north Pacific. The Tufted Puffin and the Horned Puffin nonetheless, are lacking from the north Atlantic and rather can be located in big swarms in the north Pacific Sea from the west coastline of Canada to Japan and perhaps also Korea, although their condition there is not understood. Although that populaces in lots of areas still continue to be steady, Puffins are lacking from much of their as soon as substantial all-natural array today and are consistently endangered by progressively degrees of human task both ashore and likewise out mixed-up where they are specifically endangered from ecological catastrophes such as oil spills.

Puffin Behaviour and Lifestyle

Like various other species of auk (and certainly countless various other seabirds), Puffins are very friendly animals that are located on verdant clifftops in substantial swarms that can include as lots of as 2 million people. Nonetheless, it is not simply ashore that they are understood to stick as when they are feeding out mixed-up, Puffins are understood to create “boating” to make certain that they are much better secured from their countless predators as a result of the strategy of safety and security in numbers. In addition to being rapid and effective airborne, Puffins are likewise exceptionally proficient and nimble swimmers that are understood to dive to depths of as much as 60meters for as lengthy as 2 mins each time (although the ordinary dive normally just lasts for about 20 secs), in order to increase their opportunities of capturing a lot of fish both for their themselves and for their young. Throughout the winter season, Puffins invest the majority of their time searching out mixed-up occasionally lots of miles from land prior to going back to the high cliffs throughout the warmer months to reproduce making it relatively tough for researchers to completely comprehend the condition of the species.

Puffin Reproduction and Life Process

Puffins have a yearly reproduction period that lasts throughout the warmer summertime from April up until mid- late August, which is done so in big swarms on the soft, verdant clifftops. By utilizing their beaks like a shovel and their webbed feet with sharp claws to dig deep into the undesirable dirt, they have the ability to dig burrows right into the ground that can be greater than a meter extensive and over a couple of meters long in order to maintain their beneficial egg or young securely concealed from predators such as gulls. Puffins friend permanently and the female Puffin lays a solitary white egg that is bred by both moms and dads up until it hatches out as much as 6 weeks later on in the burrow, covered in tool- brown plumes. The chick is taken care of and fed by both moms and dads that bring it fish back from the sea in their beaks up until it comes to be independent, leaving the nest at around 2 months old. Puffins have the ability to replicate themselves from in between 4 and 5 years old and can live for as much as twenty years in the wild, although older grownups are not uncommon with some people getting to the age of thirty.

Puffin Diet and Target

Although that Puffins are practically omnivorous animals, they have an exclusively meat-eating diet that is mostly included tiny fish and supplemented with animal plankton throughout the leaner winter season. Puffins largely victimize sandeels, capelin, herring and sprat in addition to the periodic squid, mollusc or shellfish which they search for under the surface area of the water on dives that balance around 20 secs each time. Their distinctly designed beaks are likewise flawlessly made for lugging fish many thanks to the layer of spinal columns that are located on the top park of the beak and on their tongue. By very carefully capturing tiny fish that are set up from head to tail along the whole size of the costs, Puffins have the ability to proceed angling for even more without shedding any one of the catch that they currently have actually saved, generally accumulating as much as 30 fish prior to returning back to land to feed their starving chick.

Puffin Predators and Risks

Although Puffins are fairly tiny in dimension, they have less country of origin predators than anticipated as a result of the reality that they nest high up on the clifftops and in burrows that are greater than 3 foot underground with gulls, hawks, eagles and foxes being one of the most typical land predators of grownup Puffins and their young. In locations that are more detailed to human habitation, Puffins are likewise preyed upon by residential cats and dogs with rats usually targeting their beneficial eggs that are concealed in the burrows underground. Out mixed-up, Puffins are victim upon by big birds such as skuas and big gulls that contend for the exact same food that the Puffins are searching. The greatest risk to Puffins today however are individuals and the influence that their enhancing tasks are carrying the Puffin’s all-natural environments. Coastal advancement, tourist, oil spills and the intro of non- indigenous predators right into their all-natural environments has actually resulted in extreme decreases in population numbers throughout their traditionally substantial all-natural array.

Puffin Intriguing Truths and Attributes

Puffins are outstanding swimmers however likewise exceptionally quick airborne and have the ability to introduce extremely rapidly from land or the water when required. Puffins are so quick that they have the ability to fly at rates of as much as 55mph (88km/h) for brief time periods, with their little wings defeating as long as 300– 400 times every min. Puffins are usually seen with rows of tiny fish aligned along the size of their brilliantly coloured, triangular beaks specifically throughout the reproducing period when they are fishing to feed their young chicks. Checking out the reproducing premises as much as 10km away usually can be a strenuous procedure for such a little bird so they generally gather as lots of fish as they can in one go. Although they are normally understood to revive in between 4 and 30 tiny fish such as sand eels, one person was videotaped with a monstrous 62 packed right into its costs.

Puffin Partnership with Humans

Since humans have actually populated one of the most northward areas of the globe they have actually pursued Puffins both for their meat and likewise for their eggs to offer individuals with a very easy resource of healthy protein throughout the warmer summertime when the birds nest ashore. With increasingly more residents however, populaces started to dramatically experience bring about the termination of lots of Puffin swarms throughout the North Hemisphere. Humans have actually likewise played a huge component in interrupting their all-natural environments as a whole with enhancing quantities of seaside advancement and over- tourist that with it brings much less land and even more rubbish for these tiny birds to emulate. An additional enormous issue has actually been the influence of angling that has actually resulted in extreme decreases in the Puffin’s all-natural victim species and this paired with boosted sea task and even more devastatingly, oil spills, has actually resulted in Puffins totally vanishing from lots of areas where they were as soon as located in wealth.

Puffin Conservation Status and Life Today

Today, all 4 Puffin species are taken into consideration to be of Least Concern of ending up being extinct from their natural environments in the future as although populaces are still lowering, their numbers continue to be fairly high and they still inhabit a huge array throughout the North Hemisphere, although they are specifically endangered by air pollution. Oil splashes from big vessels are among one of the most hazardous contaminants to Puffins as they obtain conveniently embeded the thick oil and end up being covered in it therefore are incapable to fly or swim. In the 1800s and 1900s, the Puffin was generally searched for its meat and eggs which resulted in a serious decrease on the planet’s Puffin population, also totally removing some Puffin swarms. In the 21st and late 20th century, nonetheless, the Puffin has actually taken pleasure in much better security and preservation job is being performed, specifically in The United States and Canada, to aid to conserve the staying Puffin populaces.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds
  8. Atlantic Puffin Information, Available here: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/106003321/0
  9. Tufted Puffin Information, Available here: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/106003323/0
  10. Horned Puffin Information, Available here: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/106003322/0
  11. Puffin Facts, Available here: http://projectpuffin.audubon.org/puffin-faqs

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