Pine Snake

Pine Snake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Pituophis melanoleucus
Pine Snake Physical Characteristics
Brown, Black
15 to 20 years
Pine Snake Distribition

The pine snake is belonging to the southeastern area of the USA.

It is a non- poisonous constrictor that resides in grassy fields, pine woodlands, and various other atmospheres. The pine snake appears like a rattlesnake, yet it is safe to humans.

3 Impressive Truths Regarding the Pine Snake

  • It hibernates below ground and has actually a nose developed for excavating.
  • If intimidated, it drinks its tail to appear like a rattlesnake.
  • The Louisiana pine snake is the rarest snake in the USA.

Where to Locate Pine Snakes

These snakes are belonging to the pine woodlands and grassy fields of the southeast. Throughout their variety, they are discovered in a selection of environments. They reside in the seaside levels of southerrn states like North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. They additionally reside in the north hills of Virginia and Tennessee. There are pine snakes in the southerly pine barrens of New Jacket, the meadows of Alabama, and also in the southerrn area of Wisconsin, where they are called gopher snakes.

Where to see them in zoos

  • Smithsonian National Zoo
  • Audubon Zoo
  • Memphis Zoo
  • Maryland Zoo
  • Utica Zoo

Pine Snake Scientific Name

Its scientific name is Pituophis melanoleucus. It has several preferred names, consisting of chicken snake, bull snake, pilot snake, white gopher snake, and pilot snake.

There are 4 subspecies of the pine snake:

  • North pine snake
  • Black pine snake
  • Florida pine snake
  • Bullsnake

Pine Snake Population & Conservation Status

Pine snakes prevail in their variety, and they are classified as “least concern” by the IUCN Redlist. Like all snakes, nonetheless, they have actually endured population decreases as a result of environment loss and various other aspects.

They are provided as a species of unique preservation problem in Georgia, and it is prohibited to eliminate them under Georgia legislation. Their population is additionally taken into consideration intimidated in southerrn New Jacket. Guardians think they have actually been extirpated in Maryland and West Virginia, yet wild animals biologists in Maryland state they still reside in the Island of Wight, a state Wild animals Monitoring Location.

In 2020, the Audubon Zoo, Memphis Zoo, and united state Woodland Solution launched 41 Louisiana pine snakes right into the Kisatchie National Park in Louisiana. The launch of these adolescent snakes noted completion of a years- lengthy procedure to increase them in bondage and reestablish them to their previous variety. This subspecies of the north pine snake is classified as endangered by the IUCN. It is taken into consideration the rarest snake in the united state

Just How to Determine a Pine Snake: Appearance and Summary

This is a big snake that gets to 6 feet in size and as much as 9 extra pounds in weight. It has a big, stocky body with a distinctive pattern on its ranges. Commonly, it has a light grey history with spots of black, brownish, and reddish- brownish. These spots are generally darkest near the head and lighter near the tail. It has a white stubborn belly interrupted dark places.

Unlike various other participants of the colubrid family, which have 2 prefrontal ranges, it has 4. It additionally has a sharp nose that aids it dig burrows to hibernate in throughout the winter season.

Pine Snake Poison: Just How Hazardous Are They?

In spite of their plus size and daunting rattle, these snakes are not hazardous to humans. They are not poisonous or harmful. Their bite can be unpleasant, yet they will just attack if prompted.

Pine Snake Actions and Humans

Pine snakes are experienced seekers. They are diurnal yet will certainly in some cases search in the evening. They are reluctant, reclusive animals that invest a lot of their time in their below ground burrows.

They recreate in the springtime and summertime. Females utilize their noes to dig burrows, and they lay their eggs in these burrows. Many females go back to the very same burrow each year to lay their eggs. They lay from 12 to 20 eggs that nurture for regarding 3 months. Child pine snakes are notable for their dimension. They can be over a foot long at birth.

Human communication

Although pine snakes are not poisonous, they have actually adjusted a strategy that imitates the activities of the extremely poisonous rattlesnake. When a pine snake really feels intimidated, it will certainly make a hissing audio while drinking its tail. This is an adjustment developed to make predators believe it’s a rattlesnake. It might additionally shout noisally to frighten the killer.

These snakes hibernate in the chilliest component of the winter season. They do this by utilizing their noes to dig below ground burrows for sanctuary.

Pine snakes are non- poisonous and safe to humans. They might attack if they are intimidated, yet their bite is not harmful.


  1. Coniferous Forest: Pine Snake, Available here:
  2. Savannah River Ecology Laboratory: Pine Snake, Available here:
  3. Maryland Zoo: Northern Pine Snake, Available here:

Relate animals

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

They are one of the oldest breeds of guinea pig

Ackie Monitor

The ackie monitor has a spiny tail which it uses as in self-defense.


The Albertonectes had the longest neck out of other Elasmosaurids.

American Bully

Though the American bully was bred to look intimidating, it makes an extremely friendly family pet!

Latest Animal News