Pine Snake

Pine Snake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Pituophis melanoleucus
Pine Snake Physical Characteristics
Brown, Black
Four to 22 years
Pine Snake Distribition

” Just in (North) America”

Pine snakes are no- nonsense reptiles. They are quite yet not marvelously stunning. A normal springtime or summertime day may locate one basking to elevate its body temperature level. As effective predators, they can move right into their target’s burrow, locate it, squash it after that ingest it entire.

Throughout the breeding period the typically singular male and female friend, after that different. The female lays her eggs in a surprise area after that happens with her life. Though the snake isn’t poisonous it makes believe that it is, shaking its tail, hissing and striking, and attempting to attack like a rattler. Yet humans understand far better. When its bluff is called, the pine snake can make an extremely wonderful pet.

4 Extraordinary Pine Snake Realities!

Below are 4 fantastic truths regarding Pituophis melanoleucus:

  • The epiglottis of the snake is customized to make it feasible for it to mimic the loud, terrifying hiss of a rattlesnake. Several of these snakes can also shout like a bull.
  • Pine snakes are just located in The United States and Canada, and the north pine snake is just located in the southerly USA.
  • Though the snakes are predators, they are additionally prey for a range of various other animals. Scarlet snakes are particularly keen on their eggs.
  • Pine snakes dig their very own burrows, which is uncommon for a snake.

Where To Locate the Pine Snake

These snakes are native to The United States and Canada, which implies they are just located on that particular continent. The place of Pituophis melanoleucus and its subspecies is solely the southeastern component of the USA. Environment consists of oak timbers, pine barrens, sandhills, disrupted locations, and old areas. One aid in the recognition of males and females is the expertise that females often tend to conceal under oak leaves while males can be located around logs and dropped bark.

These snakes additionally favor warmer environments. Due to that, they are seldom located in areas over 500 feet over water level. The house variety of a male usually has the house series of numerous females. The ordinary region has to do with 0.19 square miles in dimension.

Kinds Of Pine Snake

There go to the very least 3 various pine snake subspecies. Pituophis melanoleucus melanoleucus is the north pine snake, P. melanoleucus lodingi is the black pine snake, and P. melanoleucus mugitus is the Florida or southerly pine snake. Recognition is in some cases via the shades and patterns of the ranges. North pine snakes have white or lotion stubborn bellies and are white on the sides. Their forward locations bear black and brownish places or spots. Southern pine snakes are grey- brownish to corrosion- tinted with much less distinctive pattern. As its name states, the black pine snake is either totally black or sepia- tinted with a red nose. Males and females look alike, though females often tend to be much heavier and males have longer tails.

Scientific Name

The pine snake’s scientific name is Pituophis melanoleucus The name is from the Greek words pitys which, implies “pine” and ophis, which implies “snake.” Melanoleucus originates from the Greek words for “black,” melanos, and “white,” leukos, and explains the shades of the choose species. The snake shares its genus with 6 various other snakes and contends the very least 3 subspecies. Some researchers include the Louisiana pine snake and the bull snake. Acknowledged subspecies are as adheres to:

  • P. melanoleucus lodingi
  • P. melanoleucus mugitus
  • P. melanoleucus melanoleucus

The 7 Various Kinds Of Pine Snake

P. melanoleucus comes from the genus Pituophis. This genus has 7 various snakes that are additionally called pine snakes. Several of these species additionally have subspecies. The species are as adheres to:

  • P. catenifer
  • P. deppei
  • P. insularis
  • P. lineaticollis
  • P. ruthveni
  • P. vertebralis

Population & Conservation Status

Though a details number for the pine snake population hasn’t been established by biologists, according to IUCN they prevail adequate to have a conservation status of least concern. Nevertheless, black pine snakes and southerly pine snakes are thought about endangered or endangered and are secured in some states. The total population does appear to be reducing because of the loss of environment.

Appearance and Summary

The overmuch little dimension of its head and the patterns of its ranges are methods to recognize this snake. The head is not just little in dimension yet directed and advises some individuals of the head of a turtle. The snake is big and can mature to 8 feet. It is additionally effective and can capturing numerous mice each time. It does this by utilizing its coils to mash the target versus the wall surface of its burrow.

The snake’s ranges are keeled and are prepared in between 27 to 37 rows. Its 4 prefrontal ranges additionally aid recognition. These ranges are located on the head of the animal in between the top of the head and the nose. The majority of various other snakes just have 2 of these ranges. Like numerous various other nonvenomous snakes, the pine snake has rounded irises.


The places on a pine snake are typically darker in the direction of the head and lighter in the direction of the tail.Jay Ondreicka/Shutterstock. com

The pine snake is conveniently recognizable by its little head.digidreamgrafix/Shutterstock. com

There is approximately 32 rows of keeled ranges on the pine snake.Nathan A Shepard/Shutterstock. com

Poison: Exactly How Harmful Are They?

Pine snakes are totally safe though they can attack if they do not such as being taken care of. Bites must be extensively cleaned, and you may intend to obtain a tetanus shot behind one. On the various other hand, those maintained in bondage given that it was a child is typically manageable and does not mind being taken care of.

Habits and Humans

Pine snakes are energetic throughout the day, though some subspecies appear to be nighttime. They in some cases rest on logs or rocks in the sunlight to heat up. These snakes are most energetic from very early springtime to late loss and invest the winter months hibernating in burrows which they may have excavated themselves. Some snakes estivate throughout the summertime.

Breeding happens annually, and the southerly pine snake is thought to be polygynous, which implies that a person male companions with numerous females. This makes good sense when a male’s house variety includes those of numerous females. Occasionally males battle throughout the breeding period.

Females prepare to reproduce from April to May and are gravid for 28 to 39 days after mating. A female lays in between 3 and 24 eggs in a burrow or under a rock or a log, and she might also take advantage of a common nest. After she lays her eggs, she supplies say goodbye to treatment. The child snake arises after 51 to 100 days and is fully grown when it has to do with 3 years of ages. The snake can have a life expectancy of approximately 22 years.

When the snake really feels endangered it will certainly hiss, shout and shake its tail like a rattlesnake. It might also whip its body around and attempt to attack, yet once more, the snake is nonvenomous. It profits humans by having rats and mice as component of its diet and is additionally preferred as a pet.


  1. Wikipedia, Available here:
  2. ITIS, Available here:
  3. Savannah River Ecology Laboratory: UGA, Available here:
  4. Sea World Parks & Entertainment, Available here:
  5. Virginia Herpetological Society, Available here:
  6., Available here:
  7. Reptiles, Available here:

Relate animals

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

They are one of the oldest breeds of guinea pig

Ackie Monitor

The ackie monitor has a spiny tail which it uses as in self-defense.


The Albertonectes had the longest neck out of other Elasmosaurids.

American Bully

Though the American bully was bred to look intimidating, it makes an extremely friendly family pet!

Latest Animal News