Pheasant Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Phasianus Colchicus
Pheasant Physical Characteristics
Brown, Yellow, Red, Black, Tan, Green, Orange
7 – 10 years
Top speed
18 mph
0.9kg – 1.5kg (1.9lbs – 3.3lbs)
Pheasant Distribition

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Pheasants are wonderful computer game birds that consist of wonderful quill and additionally long, efficient legs. There are an estimated 49 pheasant species, yet the common pheasant, the Golden Pheasant, the Reeves’s Pheasant, and additionally the silver pheasant are a few of among one of the most prominent kinds. The Pheasant bird stems from Asia, and additionally it was supplied the United States throughout the 1880s. Pheasants have the capability to fly, yet they’re unpleasant at it and additionally prefer to be on the ground. It is the state bird of South Dakota.

5 Pheasant Truths

  • Pheasant birds do not such as to fly.
  • The bird species has an extensive wonderful tail.
  • Golden Pheasants are wonderfully tinted and additionally spectacular.
  • Pheasant birds clean in dust.
  • Pheasants preference like chicken yet have a rather sweeter preference.

Pheasant Scientific Name

The scientific name for the common pheasant is Phasianus colchicus, and additionally the bird stays in the Phasianidae family. The bird is in addition in the Aves class. Its species name is colchicus, which is a Latin word that recommends “of Colchis.” In the past, Colchis was a country located on the Black Sea. Today, it is the country of Georgia. An alternate name for the common pheasant is ring- necked pheasant. There have to do with 30 subspecies of these birds. You can identify a subspecies bird by its male quill. Especially, you’ll be looking for a white ring around the bird’s neck or a lack of one. The bird’s genus name is from the Latin word “phasianus.”.

Pheasant Appearance and additionally Activities

Guy and additionally ladies pheasants look very numerous. Male birds, which are in addition called penis and additionally chickens, feature dynamic red masks throughout their faces. Their faces are surrounded by shimmery setting- pleasant plumes located on the sides of their heads. Females are generally fundamental and additionally are typically a straightforward connoisseur shade of brown. The essential coloring of ladies keeps them additional concealed from predators Both males and additionally ladies have long, guided tails. The tail of the bird is often fifty percent of the bird’s total dimension. When a pheasant assumes itself to be in danger, it will definitely release an unrefined croaking audio. The birds in addition have strong leg muscles that help them take off from predators

A grown up- up pheasant bird activities around 21 inches to 34 inches in dimension. The birds have a wingspan that differs from 28 inches to 34 inches, and additionally they assess from 2 additional pounds to 3 additional pounds. When it worries travelling from location to location, these birds prefer to walk or run. They’re not reduce. In fact, the birds can contribute to 10 miles a human resources. If you have to stun one, it could show up from its hiding location and additionally fly right into the air at a price of around 50 miles a human resources.

The Golden Pheasant, which is in addition called the Chinese Pheasant, is a splendid bird. Like common pheasants, males and additionally ladies are numerous in appearance. Guys are from 35 to 41 inches long with their tails making up over fifty percent of a bird’s total dimension. Females are a bit smaller sized than the males. They differ in measurement from 23 to 31 inches long. The tail of a woman pertains to half of her dimension. The wingspan of this type of pheasant is around 27 inches. This type of pheasant examines pertaining to 1 additional pound.

Chickens consist of extreme tinting that contains a gold comb touched with red. This coloring starts at the tip of their heads and additionally along their necks. The bird has a great red undercoating, a brownish, extensive organized tail, and additionally dark wings. Their minimized back is gold, and additionally their leading back is setting- pleasant. Guys have extreme yellow eyes. Their throat, face, and additionally chin are rust tinted while their wattles, skin, beak, legs, and additionally feet are yellow.

Females are not as wonderfully tinted. The ladies have multicolor brown plumes together with brownish faces, breasts, throats, and additionally wings. Their feet are a light yellow. In addition, ladies Golden Pheasants are a lot less cosy than the males are.

The bird species do not have in fact gland. If they wind up being also cozy, afterwards they will definitely pant in a similar way that dogs do to eliminate any kind of type of included temperature level. Much like numerous other animals containing people, these birds do not like being out in the unfavorable environment. Rather than going out, the birds will definitely remain to remain in their roosts for days each time without taking in.

These birds do stagnate. You can uncover the birds mingling alone or in little groups. Male can be aggressive when they’re creating duplicating areas. To eliminate dirt, oil, dead skin cells, and additionally old plumes, they will definitely provide themselves dust washrooms.

Pheasant Atmosphere

These birds remain in a huge variety of settings differing from water degree to hillside places that are 11,000 feet high. The birds stay in fields, deserts and additionally forests. Despite being functional to different settings, the birds prefer certain type of setups for certain jobs. For instance, in the spring and additionally summertime period, they roost in thick shrubs and additionally trees. When fall obtains below, the birds transfer to cattle ranch locations, forested marshes and additionally scrawny places. Very early duration nesting causes the birds to look for refuge along secure fencing lines, ditches, and additionally green roadsides. As plants starts to broaden denser and additionally taller in the spring, pheasants transfer their nesting jobs to alfalfa locations and additionally hayfields. These birds nest on the ground, yet throughout the evening, the birds roost in tree branches.

The Golden Pheasant is coming from capital places of Western and additionally Key China. People provided this type of pheasant to the UK pertaining to 100 years previously.

Pheasant Diet

The diet of the ring- necked pheasant varies with the durations. Throughout the winter season, the birds eat beginnings, berries, grains, and additionally seeds. When summertime period obtains below, they devour on insects, spiders, and additionally fresh setting- pleasant shoots. If they’re rising for food or showing off task, afterwards it takes about 100 additional pounds of feed, which pertains to as large as a kangaroo, to experience 50 chicks for 6 weeks. This amount is an estimated 2 additional pounds of feed for each and every and every bird throughout the first 6 weeks. As the birds reach 6 weeks to 20 weeks old, each bird will definitely call for to eat pertaining to 1 additional pound of feed weekly.

While pheasants could eat earthworms in the wild, do not provide your birds worms if you’re raising pheasants. Worms can be a health risk because they could move the eggs of a range of harmful bloodsuckers.

Pheasant Predators and additionally Dangers

Animals that benefit from young pheasants contain owls, foxes and additionally hawks while skunks and additionally raccoons like to eat pheasant eggs. Owls and additionally hawks have the capability to target the birds swiftly throughout the winter season because the snow reduces a pheasant’s capacity to hide. While pheasants are not currently at risk of happening disappeared, the bird people are lowering from setting losses and additionally excess human browsing. In fact, in their all- native environments, hunters have in fact activated the birds to locate close to discontinuation. People supervise of setting damages and additionally egg event.

Pheasants are in addition at risk from bird influenza, which is a problem that influences property birds and additionally those in the wild. When a bird winds up being polluted with the problem, they can spread it to others from their saliva, feces and additionally nasal secretions.

Pheasant Leisure, Newborns and additionally Life span

Pheasants typically start their reproducing regular late in March, and additionally it caps in May. Throughout this moment about, male pheasants insist their areas. These vary in measurement from a countless acres to places that determine a half location or perhaps much more. To generate a woman, the chicken will definitely crow and additionally show off. If another male requires to enter his location, afterwards he will definitely strike. A male bird will definitely in addition beat his wings promptly, exposing a chicken that he is strong and additionally efficient. Because of that, his youngsters will definitely be strong and additionally efficient also.

Ring- necked pheasants make their nests under a shrub or within thick cover. They line their nests with dropped leaves and additionally yard. Frequently, the ladies birds will definitely nest inside a nest that a person even more bird has in fact deserted. Male pheasants are polygynous and additionally usually have a hareem that contains a variety of ladies birds.

Pheasants develop from 8 to 15 eggs. They have the capability to have as various as 18 eggs, yet generally, they have from 10 to 12. Pheasant eggs are olive tinted, and additionally the ladies birds lay them throughout a 2 to 3- week period from April to June. For pheasants, the incubation time is around 22 to 27 days. When baby pheasants have in fact hatched out, they will definitely continue to be by their mother for a number of weeks. Nonetheless, they will definitely leave the nest at merely a number of humans resources old. Chicks are birthed with their eyes open. They are in addition covered in down.

Like numerous other birds, baby pheasants are called chicks. After they hatch out, chicks broaden swiftly. They have the capability to fly when they’re merely 12 to 2 week old. Chicks look like expanded- up pheasants once they reach 15 weeks old. Chicks will definitely eat the precise very same factors as adults. They eat on fruit, grain and additionally leaves along with caterpillars, insects and additionally numerous other insects.

Pheasants are a sufferer bird, and additionally as a result of this, they require to deal with considerable fatality sources that start with the minute that they are inside an egg within a nest. Throughout a modest winter season in a safety and security setting, pheasants have a 95% survival rate, yet throughout a severe winter season, the birds have a 50% survival rate. If a winter is light and additionally the birds continue to be in a poor setting, they have an 80% survival rate. If they are dealing with a harsh winter season in a poor setting, afterwards their survival rate is merely 20%. In the wild, pheasants live for 1 to 2 years. When they’re kept in chains, they live for as extensive as 18 years.

Pheasant Populace

The pheasant populace is lowering in various places. Throughout the ’60s and additionally ’70s, above 250,000 hunters removed over a countless them a number of times yearly merely in the state of Illinois. Changes in farming and additionally precisely just how people use land has in fact activated a big decline in the pheasant populace. In the year 2000, an estimated 59,000 hunters removed around 157,000 birds. For the 2017 to 2018 hunting season, regarding 12,500 hunters collected virtually 34,000 wild birds.

The pheasant populace is numerous state by state. In 2018, Iowa reported far better bird numbers. Abiding by a research study, a pheasant examination team reported that they were uncovering around 21 birds for every single solitary 30 miles. For that year, the state estimated that it had 250,000 to 300,000 chickens.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. Christopher Perrins, Oxford University Press (2009) The Encyclopedia Of Birds

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