Pheasant-tailed Jacana

The pheasant-tailed jacana is the only species in its family that migrates long distances.
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Physical Characteristics
Brown, Black, White, Gold
Less than 100,000
4.8 years on average
4 to 7 ounces
Pheasant-tailed Jacana Distribition

” They are the only jacanas that move fars away.”


The pheasant- trailed jacana ( Hydrophasianus chirurgus) is a big wader from Southeast Asia. They populate marshes and huge lakes where they invest their time strolling throughout drifting marine greenery, amassing insects from plants or the water’s surface area. This jacana species is distinct from others in its family as a result of its tendency for lengthy- range traveling and variants in its reproducing quill. Learn whatever there is to understand about this remarkable exotic wader, consisting of where they live, just how they replicate, and what they eat.

5 Remarkable Pheasant- Trailed Jacana Truths

  • The pheasant- trailed jacana is the only species in its family that moves fars away.
  • They are solid fliers with fast wingbeats, which is uncommon for jacanas.
  • This bird showcases various quill throughout the reproducing period and consists of a lengthy tail.
  • Individuals have actually detected these birds as much southern as Australia.
  • Populations in Eastern China face environment devastation of their marsh residences.

Where to Discover the Pheasant- Trailed Jacana

The pheasant- trailed jacana lives in Southeast Asia in 22 nations, consisting of India, China, Indonesia, Japan, Singapore, and the Philippines. Many populaces are citizens in their settings. Yet those staying in even more north areas like the Mountain ranges will certainly move southern right into reduced altitudes throughout winter season. They populate substantial freshwater marshes, lakes, and fish ponds, specifically those with plentiful marine greenery like water lilies.

Pheasant- Trailed Jacana Nest

Males make freely- created systems on drifting marine greenery. Periodically they include plants around the eggs as nesting product to aid hide them. He will certainly relocate his eggs to a drier area if the nest ends up being swamped.

Scientific Name

The pheasant- trailed jacana ( Hydrophasianus chirurgus) is from the Charadriiformes order, which consists of 390 bird species that live near water and eat invertebrates. Its Jacanidae family includes the jacanas, a team of exotic waders. This species remains in the monotypic Hydrophasianus genus. The genus suggests “water pheasant.”

Dimension, Appearance & Habits

Pheasant-Tailed Jacana
The pheasant- trailed jacana is a big wader and the lengthiest species in the jacana family. They determine 17 to 22 inches long and consider 4 to 7 ounces, with a 9- inch wingspan.Wang LiQiang/Shutterstock. com

The pheasant- trailed jacana is a big wader and the lengthiest species in the jacana family. They determine 17 to 22 inches long and consider 4 to 7 ounces, with a 9- inch wingspan. This species showcases various quill throughout the reproducing period. Its reproduction quill contains lengthy tail plumes, dark brownish bodies, white faces, and a black crown with white red stripes diminishing the sides of its neck. Its wings are white with black suggestions. Their tails are much shorter beyond the reproducing period. Its top components are green- brownish, and its neck sides are a plain gold- yellow. There is additionally a dark brownish band that twists around its neck.

Its phone calls are loud mewing or nasal noises, which they make amongst their wintering groups. This species is fairly social, usually located in neighborhoods of as much as 100. Unlike various other jacanas, the pheasant- trailed is a solid flier that creates fast wing beats and can take a trip fars away.

Movement Pattern and Timing

Pheasant- trailed jacanas are the only jacanas that take a trip fars away. Many populaces are less active, however those located in north areas, like the Himilayas, will certainly move to Southeast Asia and India. This jacana has actually been viewed as much southern as Australia. They leave in November and return mid to late April.


Pheasant- trailed jacanas are predators that largely eat insects.

What Does the Pheasant- Trailed Jacana Eat?

Water insects are their primary victim, however they will certainly additionally take in tiny fish, snails, worms, crabs, mollusks, and seeds. They forage for food by strolling throughout drifting greenery and amassing insects off marine plants, sometimes selecting seeds from water lilies.

Predators, Hazards, and Conservation Status

The IUCN details the pheasant- trailed jacana as LC or “least concern.” Because of its comprehensive array and fairly huge population dimension, this species does not satisfy the “endangered” condition limits. These jacanas are not around the world endangered, however some populaces in Eastern China face environment devastation and destruction of their marsh residences.

What Consumes the Pheasant- Trailed Jacana?

Their most substantial predators consist of serpents, turtles, huge fish, different creatures, crocodiles, and predators. This species is very at risk to nest predation from several animals, and papas are extremely safety of their young. To protect themselves and their young, grownups make loud alarm system calls, execute hazard screens, and utilize their bony wing stimulates to strike burglars.

Reproduction, Youthful, and Molting

Reproducing period takes place throughout summertime in the north areas of its array however accompanies downpour period from India to Southeast Asia. Many jacanas take part in a polyandrous breeding system, where the females lay egg clutches with several companions and the males bear all the duty of elevating the young. Males will certainly damage egg clutches when they examine their paternal. Females lay in between one to 4 eggs, and the males breed them for 25 to 29 days– the young stick with their dad for as much as 2 months. Pheasant- trailed jacanas end up being sexually fully grown around 2 years of ages and have a typical life expectancy of 4.8 years.


The international pheasant- trailed jacana population is approximated to be much less than 100,000 people. While there are no severe changes or fragmentations in their numbers, their population is undertaking a decrease as a result of environment devastation.

Similar Animals:


  1. Red List / BirdLife International, Available here:
  2. Journal of Natural History Volume 42 / , Available here:
  3. Journal of Bioresource Management / Khan, Z. I., & Mughal, M. S., Available here:
  4. BioOne Complete / Waterbirds 44 / Chandima Fernando, Sarath W. Kotagama, Anthony R. Rendall, Michael A. Weston, Available here:
  5. SpringerLink / Wetlands Ecology & Management, Available here:

Relate animals

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

They are one of the oldest breeds of guinea pig

Ackie Monitor

The ackie monitor has a spiny tail which it uses as in self-defense.


The Albertonectes had the longest neck out of other Elasmosaurids.

American Bully

Though the American bully was bred to look intimidating, it makes an extremely friendly family pet!

Latest Animal News