Pea Puffer

Pea Puffer Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Carinotetraodon travancoricus
Pea Puffer Physical Characteristics
Yellow, Gold
Pea Puffer Distribition

The Pea puffer ( C. travancoricus), likewise referred to as the dwarf pufferfish, is the tiniest species of freshwater pufferfish and is belonging to Southwest India.

These fish are little and commonly expand no bigger than 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) in dimension as a grownup.

The pea puffer is a preferred fish in the fish tank pastime where they make terrific education fish that are enjoyed for their little dimension and interesting pigmentation and patterns along their bodies.

They succeed in big teams and favor to stay at the end of a fish tank or in the lakes, streams, and rivers in their all-natural environment. Pea flatterers are very closely pertaining to aquatic pufferfish and are generally perplexed nevertheless the pea puffer is just one of the only 27 species of Tetraodontidae that is adjusted to freshwater.

Pea Puffer Appearance

Pea flatterers are just one of the tiniest freshwater pufferfish that expand to a basic grown-up dimension of 1 inch (2.5 centimeters), nevertheless, the biggest recorded pea puffer was 1.4 inches (3.5 centimeters) in dimension. They have a yellow-colored- gold body covered with dark rainbowlike spots along their dorsal surface areas and flanks. Both male and female pea puffers look alike, nevertheless, males appear to be a lot more brilliantly tinted than females.

They have short, follower- designed pectoral fins with an indent at the suggestion of the fins. The dorsal and rectal fins lie contrary each various other on the pea puffer and the back fins are the biggest fin on their bodies. Female pea puffers have a spherical body and are a little bigger than males and might have a lot more recognizable white areas in between their dark patterns on their flanks. Males have a dark red stripe down the facility of their tummy and have an unique blue eye crease around their eyes that female pea puffers do not have.

Pea puffer in profile against black background
Pea flatterers have yellow-colored bodies and dark rainbowlike spots along their dorsal surface areas and flanks.Dan Olsen/Shutterstock. com

Pea Puffer Distribution, Population, and Environment

Pea flatterers are migratory, fresh water pufferfish that reside in big teams. They are native to the island to the rivers, tidewaters, and lakes within southerly Karnataka and Kerala situated in the Western Ghats of India. They favor to populate waters that have a PH degree of 7.5 to 8.3 and exotic water temperature levels around 72 to 82 levels Fahrenheit (22- 28 levels Celsius).

The pea puffer invests its time in greatly grown water with great deals of plants that has a rough, clay loam, silt, or crushed rock substratum near the bottom. This species can be located in 13 various rivers in Kerala, such as the Pamba River and their distribution likewise encompasses the Neyyar Wild Animals Shelter.

Pea flatterers invest the majority of their time near the bottom and center of the water column where they look for food and nestle in big teams among the plants in their all-natural environment.

They can currently be located worldwide in pet shops as they have actually ended up being a preferred pufferfish species in the fish tank pastime and are generally maintained in nano fish tanks as a result of their little dimension.

Pea Puffer Predators and Target

Predators and All-natural Defenses

The pea puffer does not make a preferable target to numerous predators in their all-natural environment as a result of its defense reaction. Like all pufferfish, the pea puffer will certainly expand their bodies by swiftly consuming water or in many cases air that loads their flexible bellies.

They likewise do not have ranges and rather have spiny skin that comes to be set up when they really feel intimidated that makes it hard for various other animals to eat them. It has actually likewise been observed that pufferfish will actively inflate themselves to extend their bellies to ensure that they do not hurt themselves when they really require to smoke themselves as much as encounter a killer.

Some predators that the pea puffer might encounter in their wild environment and in fish tanks consist of loaches, Plecostomus, and various other omnivorous or meat-eating lower occupants. Some bigger predators consist of sea snakes which can be located in the exact same environment as pea puffers.

There has actually been no research study carried out regarding whether the pea puffer has a neurotoxin like various other pufferfish when they consume particular cyanobacteria in their food.

The Pea Puffers Diet

The pea puffer is mainly meat-eating and exploit insects, water fleas, copepods, larvae, and in many cases tiny algae. The pea puffer will certainly likewise eat various other tiny microorganisms such as zooplankton in the waters. In the fish tank, this fish will certainly eat shrimp, bloodworms, snails, and a selection of freeze- dried out and live foods that can be bought from a pet shop.

Pea Puffer Reproduction, and Life Expectancy

The mid- dorsal and forward skin ridges of fully grown male pea puffers will certainly begin to transform brownish throughout generating period, and the female’s tummy will swell in feedback to the male’s dating habits that includes chasing after the female around by her tummy.

Pea flatterers have the ability to replicate throughout the year, nevertheless, the months from May to August throughout the South- West downpour duration in the Pamba River is when the majority of the pea puffers come to be fully grown and start to replicate. After an effective generate, both the male and female will certainly leave the eggs, and the males will certainly quickly go back to the eggs to secure them. The exact same set of pea puffers might generate numerous times within a 1- to- 4- day duration where the eggs hatch out at heats and are really little in dimension.

The typical life-span of the pea puffer is around 4 years in both the wild and bondage. Also one of the most knowledgeable aquarists battle to maintain the pea puffer to life for greater than a number of years despite having the ideal diet and suitable water problems.

Pea Puffer Population

There have actually been numerous scientists that take into consideration the pea puffer to be endangered and they are categorized as vulnerable on the IUCN Red Checklist. The species population has actually decreased as a result of human treatment such as logging, contamination, farming, and overfishing for the fish tank pet profession sector.

There has actually been a decrease in the pea puffer population from 2005 to 2015 at around 30- 40%. The majority of the pea puffer’s population is located within the fish tank profession sector, with their all-natural environment being 2nd area.

3 Truths Regarding Pea Puffers

  1. The pea puffer is just one of the tiniest freshwater pufferfish on the planet.
  2. It is simple to compare male and female ea flatterers as a result of the males having a rough blue ring around their eyes and red stripes along their bodies.
  3. Although they are really little, the ea puffer is extremely hostile and territorial in the direction of various other species of fish.


  1. Wikipedia , Available here:
  2. Fintankadvisor , Available here:
  3. Fish Keeping World, Available here:

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