Long-lost civilizations have immortalized male partridges in art, depicting them as a symbol of fertility.
Partridge Scientific Classification
Partridge Physical Characteristics
Brown, White, Dark Brown, Cream, Chestnut, Light Grey, Dark Grey, Multi-colored, Black-Brown, Sandy, Grey-Brown
2 to 6 years
Top speed
34 mph
0.75 pounds
Partridge Distribition

The partridge is a floor-dwelling fowl with over 40 varied species from 14 genera. They’re sport birds, typically hunted for meals or used as a goal for practising taking pictures.

Partridges are adaptable and thrive in varied areas throughout the globe. They’re present in Europe, Asia, and Africa. As well as, a number of species have been relocated to North America when the British found the brand new world.

These birds have appreciable populations in varied areas throughout Europe and like habitats with grasslands, lowlands, and agricultural areas.

They share comparable traits with pheasants and quails. Out of the 40 species, the crimson-legged partridge and grey partridges are the commonest.

The IUCN lists most members of the partridge household as Least Involved. However, sadly, the crimson-legged partridge is listed as Near Threatened on their Crimson Checklist.

Three Unbelievable Partridge Info!

  • Lengthy-misplaced civilizations have immortalized male partridges in artwork, depicting them as a logo of fertility.
  • Partridges construct their nests on the bottom and usually disguise them amongst dense vegetation.
  • They’re native to Europe, Africa, and Asia; nonetheless, a number of species happen in North America as a result of partridges have been introduced over to the New World for sport searching.

7 Totally different Kinds of Partridges

There are 40 totally different species of partridges, every distinctive in its personal method. Under are seven of essentially the most effectively-recognized partridges.

1. Crimson-Legged Partridge (Alectoris rufa)

The crimson-legged partridge can also be recognized by one other title: the French Partridge. It derived this title to assist distinguish it from the Grey or English partridge.

They’re stealthy, padded, spherical birds who inhabit areas in the UK. Their habitat of selection is lowland and farmland areas of southwestern Europe.

These birds originated from France, Spain, and Italy, however locals transported them to England and Wales for sport searching functions.

Adults are sandy brown with a pinkish stomach. Different distinctive traits embody extravagant black streaking on their gorget (coloured patch on throat), black flank bars, and rufous-streaked flanks.

Crimson-legged partridges have crimson beaks, and their pink legs stand out in opposition to the vegetation of their pure habitats.

Crimson-legged partridges are likely to flock collectively in teams of 20 and are sometimes seen waddling over grassy fields and pastures. They’re effectively camouflaged in opposition to the vegetation due to their sandy brown coloring, making them nearly invisible.

As with many members of the partridge household, they’re monogamous and like to reside with a single companion. They are going to concurrently produce two broods, which helps enhance their numbers, regardless that they’re large targets as sport birds.

2. Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix)

The grey partridge is a small fowl belonging to the pheasant household. Their backs are brown, and so they have gray chests and flanks. Grey partridges have white bellies with a major chestnut-brown horseshoe marking.

Juveniles have totally different coloring and are principally yellow-brown however lack distinctive face patterns and markings on their bellies.

They’re distributed throughout most of Europe and western Asia. Their most well-liked habitat is shrublands, grasslands and steppes, and agricultural areas with small fields.

3. Rock Partridge (Alectoris graeca)

The rock partridge types a part of the pheasant household, Phasianidae. They’re thought of sport birds and belong to the order Galliformes.

They originate from southern Europe and solely happen within the Alps and Apennines. Sicily and the Balkans. Rock partridges share very comparable traits with their jap cousins, the Chukar and A.chukar.

4. Black Wooden Partridge (Melanoperdix nigra)

The black wooden partridge additionally goes by the title black partridge, belonging to the household Phasianidae. They’re small birds originating from South Asian international locations reminiscent of:

  • Malaysia
  • Indonesia
  • Borneo

As well as, they used to happen in Singapore however have lengthy since been extinct within the space. These artful birds inhabit densely forested areas.

Black wooden partridges inhabitants has been steadily reducing over time, and solely 15,000 to 30,000 people are believed to be left within the wild. The largest risk contributing to their demise is fast deforestation.

5. Chestnut-bellied Partridge (Arborophila javanica)

The chestnut-bellied partridge goes by many names just like the chestnut-bellied hill-partridge and Javan hill-partridge. They’re small, solely measuring 11 inches in size.

As well as, they sport a rufous crown, nape, gray breast, crimson legs, brown wings, a black masks, throat, invoice, and crimson facial pores and skin. Each sexes have comparable traits, however the juveniles have a whitish face with a reddish-brown invoice. The chestnut-bellied partridge inhabits hills and west and east Java mountain forests in Indonesia.

Males construct domed nests from lengthy grass, and females can lay as much as 4 eggs, which assist hold their inhabitants sturdy, and they’re listed as Least Concern on IUCN’s Redlist.

6. Crqested Wooden Partridge (Rollulus roulroul)

The crested wooden partridge is also referred to as the crimson-topped wooden partridge, inexperienced wooden partridge, roul-roul, crested wooden partridge, and greed wooden quail. They’re sport birds belonging to the pheasant household Phasianidae. As well as, they’re the one members of the genus Rollulus.

Crested wooden partridges happen within the lowland rainforests in southern Thailand, Malaysia, Sumatra, south Myanmar, and Borneo.

To create their nests, they scrape the bottom and line the hollowed space with leaves. Subsequent, they conceal their nests underneath a heap of leaf litter. Females sometimes lay between 5 to six white eggs, which they incubate for 18 days.

Mother and father assist their younger eat with invoice-to-invoice feeding as an alternative of constructing them peck the bottom for meals, which is uncommon for galliform species.

7.      Stone Partridge (Ptilopachus petrosus)

The stone partridge is a big fowl that types a part of the New World quail household. They’re predominantly brown and maintain raised tails. These cumbersome birds inhabit scrubland and frivolously wooded areas, sometimes close to rocks in international locations like Kenya, Ethiopia, and Gambia.

Because of genetic proof, stone partridges are solely considered one of two members of the genus Ptilopachus. The opposite member is Nahan‘s partridge.

They’re small and darkish with erect and thick tails. Their legs are crimson, and so they have naked crimson pores and skin round their eyes. As well as, there are advantageous markings on their heads and breasts.

Plumage differs because of regional variations however is usually darker in areas with moister and lighter in drier areas.

The stone partridge normally lives in pairs or small teams taking desire for dense grassy understories, savannas, and rocky habitats.

Stone partridges talk with a sequence of loud “wheets” notes that develop into louder with each name. These sounds are typically duets by a pair.

The place to Discover the Partridge

Partridges are extremely adaptable and inhabit most of Europe, Africa, Asia, the Center East, and North America.

Habitat differs from species to species, with some nesting on steppes or agricultural areas, whereas others inhabit dense vegetation like thick forests. They construct nests on the bottom with lengthy grass and are thought of omnivores.


Partridges are considered one of many fowl species dwelling solely on the bottom. Different floor-dwelling birds embody:

  • Pheasants
  • Quails
  • Killdeer
  • Cassowaries
  • Emus
  • Ostriches
  • Roadrunners
  • Burrowing Owls

Whereas these birds may appear unusual as a result of they don’t nest excessive up, it’s truly not that stunning since birds advanced from a selected department of dinosaurs. These prehistoric beasts began to develop feathers and had many fowl-like qualities method earlier than they may fly.

As well as, scientists uncovered varied dinosaur nests, which have been all discovered on the bottom, similar to the partridge.

56 species of partridges are floor-dwellers and use their quick however sturdy legs as instruments to dig holes for nests and meals. The species typically run quick however will burst into flight in the event that they sense hazard is close to.

Partridge Taxonomy

Partridges are members of the Phasianidae household, who’re non-migratory birds forming a part of the Previous World group. They belong to the order Galliformes, which consists of heavy-bodied, floor-dwelling birds that embody:

  • Turkeys
  • Chickens
  • Quails
  • Different landfowl

These birds are important of their varied ecosystems as a result of they’re seed dispersers, and as predators, they hold varied insect populations underneath management. Humans get pleasure from these birds as a result of they use them for meat, eggs, and sport searching.

The household Phasianidae consists of floor-dwelling birds and consists of:

  • Pheasants
  • Partridges
  • Junglefowl
  • Chickens
  • Turkeys
  • Previous World Quails
  • Peafowls

This household is huge and consists of 185 species divided into 54 genras. As well as, the household is made up of extremely popular sport birds.

Dimension and Appearance

Partridges typically measure 11 to 13 inches in size and sport a wingspan of 20 to 22 inches. So, to place issues into perspective, they’re ¼ the scale of a turkey.

The partridge seems similar to pheasants and quails. Their feathers are comfortable and poofy, making them seem bigger than they really are and have small heads.

Coloration differs relying on species however is usually reddish-brown, grey, or black. Grey partridges have white bellies, grey flanks, and a brown again.

Nonetheless, crimson-legged partridges stand out due to the crimson ring round their eyes. Their backs are coated in brown feathers, with a grey abdomen and cream-coloured neck.

However, males differ due to the chestnut markings on their chests. These markings resemble a form of a horseshoe.

Gray partridge walking on sand
Grey partridges have grey chests and flanks.Voodison328/

Habitat, Conduct, and Reproduction


These in style birds inhabit lowlands and agricultural areas the place they construct their nests within the floor. Nonetheless, species just like the Hainan partridge reside in woodlands or densely forested areas.


Partridges are non-migratory and reside in small teams referred to as conveys, which encompass a breeding pair and their chicks. As soon as the chicks attain maturity, they depart their mother and father and begin to type their very own teams.


These floor-dwelling birds are omnivores however sometimes reside on a herbivorous food plan. Their food plan consists of:

  • Seeds
  • Grains
  • Vegetation
  • Fruits
  • Nuts
  • Corn
  • Beans
  • Small bugs
  • Invertebrates


Partridges typically mate for all times and reside in monogamous pairs. Each men and women take turns defending their households. They develop into extremely aggressive in direction of different animals who threaten their covey.

Nesting normally takes place on the bottom in grasslands or agricultural areas. The variety of eggs laid is determined by the species. For instance, Crimson-legged partridges can lay as much as 16 eggs per clutch. They are going to cowl the eggs with weeds, mud, and grass to guard their younger.

The chicks will start to hatch two and half weeks after being laid. And after only one week, the chicks will begin to come out of the nest independently. After that, nonetheless, they are going to stick with their mother and father till they’re sexually mature at 3 months outdated.


Molting differs between the varied species. For instance, grey partridges plumage is mainly full after a month. Nonetheless, the tail takes as much as 6 weeks. Their put up-juvenile physique molt begins 4 to five weeks with the interior major. However, the physique molt solely begins between 6 to 7 weeks with the flanks and again feathers.


Partridges don’t have an extended lifespan; on common, they reside for about 2 years. Nonetheless, some species like grey partridges can reside for 4 years. As well as, the crimson-legged partridge’s lifespan is round 5 to six years.

Predators, Threats, and Conservation Status

Partridges make meal for a lot of predators. They should keep away from animals like:

  • Nice horned owls
  • Falcons
  • Dogs
  • Cats
  • Crimson Foxes
  • Grey Foxes
  • Skunks
  • Raccoons

There are 56 species of partridges, and solely 37 of them are listed as Least Concern by the Worldwide Union for Conservation. Nonetheless, 43 species’ populations are progressively reducing.

For instance, the grey partridge is listed as Least Concern, however sadly, their inhabitants considerably sdecreased by 91% between 1967 and 2010. The rationale behind this catastrophic decline is threats like pesticides and herbicides, which primarily impacts the chicks.

Sadly, the Sichuan partridge that inhabits China’s south-central Sichuan Province is endangered with solely 1000 people left within the wild. One other risk to the all of the species is habitiat loss, primarily because of unlawful logging.


As a result of partridges have so many alternative species, it’s laborious to calculate their inhabitants numbers. Nonetheless, there may be information on inhabitants sizes of particular species just like the Crimson-legged partridge, that has 9,950,000 to 13,700,000 people within the wild.

As soon as upon a time, the grey partridge was the commonest fowl within the countryside of the UK. However, because of extreme searching, their inhabitants has considerably decreased by 80% within the final 30 years.


  1. Wikipedia, Available here:
  2. Biology Dictionary, Available here:
  3. Beauty of Birds, Available here:
  4. Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust, Available here:
  5. Birds of the World, Available here:
  6. eBird, Available here:

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