Shares 97% of its DNA with humans!
Orang-utan Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Pongo pygmaeus, Pongo abelii, Pongo tapanuliensis
Orang-utan Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Red, Black, Orange
30 – 40 years
Top speed
2.7 mph
30kg – 90kg (66lbs – 200lbs)
Orang-utan Distribition

Orang- utan Classification and Development

The Orang- utan is among the biggest primates on the planet and is the only participant of the Great Ape family that is located beyond Africa. There are 3 species of Orang- utan located in the balmy forests on the islands Borneo and Sumatra which are the Bornean Orang- utan, the Sumatran Orang- utan and the Tapanuli Orang- utan. The Bornean Orang- utan is a lot more countless and prevalent than its relatives on Sumatra with 3 distinctive below- species of Bornean Orang- utan located in varying geographical areas on the island. Orang- utans are among the closest living about contemporary Humans and we as a matter of fact share 96.4% of our DNA with these woodland house apes. The 3 species are really so similar in both practices and appearance that their name Orang Hutan in their indigenous Malaysian neighborhoods, actually suggests “Individual of the Woodland”. All 3 species of Orang- utan are today badly impacted by Human task in their indigenous environments and are noted by the IUCN on their Red Listing as Seriously Endangered.

Orang- utan Makeup and Appearance

The Orang- utan is a big arboreal animal which suggests that it invests most of its life high in the trees and for that reason have actually developed some really unique adjustments to make living in the woodland simpler. As the Orang- utan is just as well hefty to jump like a monkey, they utilize their lengthy arms to turn on the tree branches till they can obtain close sufficient to get hold of onto the following one. The hands and feet of the Orang- utan are both just as efficient at comprehending onto branches and their opposable thumbs likewise make their active numbers really dexterous. The Bornean Orang- utan has a tendency to be a little bigger in dimension than the Sumatran Orang- utan, which is a lot more gently coloured in addition to having a longer beard than its relative. Tapanuli Orang- utans are similar in appearance to the Sumatran Orang- utan yet have frizzier hair, smaller sized heads and flatter faces. Male Orang- utans establish fleshy cheek pads as they develop yet these are far more obvious on the faces of male Bornean Orang- utans, and all 3 species likewise have a throat bag that is made use of to make deep phone calls that resemble with the woodland.

Orang- utan Distribution and Environment

Although Orang- utans would certainly have as soon as been located on a variety of the forested, exotic islands in Indonesia, today they are restricted to simply 2 which are the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. Their tree- house way of life suggests that Orang- utans choose thick exotic woodlands in the bogs where there is an adequate and differed supply of food. In addition to likewise being located in hill woodlands, in valleys and around peat- swamps, there are a variety of separated populaces on both islands that are located in the high mountain forests at a lot greater elevations. The Bornean Orang- utan is located in 3 continuing to be areas on Borneo yet the Sumatran Orang- utan currently just occupies the really north idea of Sumatra, with most of wild people being located in simply one district. The Tapanuli Orang- utan is located in a remote area in northwestern Sumatra with the whole population located in a location simply 1,000 sqaure kilometres. All 3 species nevertheless are badly intimidated by the radical decrease of their environments which have actually been deforested for lumber or removed for farming.

Orang- utan Behaviour and Lifestyle

There are 2 huge distinctions in between Orang- utans and various other Excellent Apes which are the reality that they are singular which they invest mostly all of their lives high in the trees. The plus size of the Orang- utan suggests that it relocates really gradually with the woodland yet frequently due to the fact that they invest a lot of their time foraging for and consuming fruits in the bordering trees. They make nests to oversleep during the night high in the cover by folding branches over and cushioning them out with fallen leaves to make sure a comfy evening. Although they do have their very own spots of woodland, Orang- utans are not specifically territorial and will certainly also endure feeding with each other around trees that have a wealth of mature fruits (Sumatran Orang- utans appear to be a lot more friendly than Bornean Orang- utans). Male Orang- utans however will certainly make their existence understood by creating loud lengthy- calls utilizing their throat bags to both daunt competing males and to draw in a female to mate with.

Review if orang- utans threaten or otherwise.

Orang- utan Reproduction and Life Process

After a gestation duration that lasts for around 9 months, the female Orang- utan brings to life a solitary baby in an unique nest developed high in the trees. Youthful Orang- utans stick onto their mom’s hair to remain protected whilst she is relocating with the trees trying to find food and are not completely discouraged till they are 3 years of ages. Nonetheless, Orang- utans will certainly stay with their mom till they frequently 7 or 8 years of ages as she shows them the abilities they require to make it through in the woodland. This consists of both discovering what plants to eat and where they can be located and likewise entails them being shown exactly how to make use of devices such as sticks and entrusts to make life simpler. The Orang- utan is among one of the most slow-moving- establishing animals in the world that can not reproduce itself till it is in between 12 and 15 years of ages. Females have a tendency to have an optimum of 3 children throughout their life which suggests that in locations where populaces have actually been impacted by searching or environment loss, they take a long time to recuperate.

Orang- utan Diet and Victim

What Do Orangutans Eat
Orang- utans eat a diet that’s mainly included fruit.

The Orang- utan is an omnivorous animal that although does eat a blend of both plant and animal issue, most of their diet is included countless kinds of fruit. Their plus size and frugivorous nature suggests that Orang- utans have to invest the majority of their day consuming, which is potentially the reason they have actually developed to being semi- singular animals. Although that Orang- utans do relocate throughout big residence arrays, they have their very own spot of woodland nevertheless that has a tendency to have the excellent quantity of food to maintain that private (or a mommy with young). Orang- utans eat both ripe and immature fruits consisting of mangoes, lychees, durian and figs which expand in wealth in some areas and are where a variety of people might assemble to feed. When there is a great fresh water resource the Orang- utan accumulates it in its cupped hands after that consumes it as it drops, yet they do not require to consume alcohol way too much as they obtain most of the dampness that they require from their food.

For a total evaluation of the diet of orang- utans, see to it to see ‘‘ What Do Orangutans Eat.’

Orang- utan Predators and Dangers

Historically, Orang- utans on both Borneo and Sumatra would certainly have been intimidated by a variety of big, ground- house predators which is potentially why they have actually developed to lead a practically entirely arboreal life. Huge felines such as Tigers and Clouded Leopards are the main predators of the Orang- utan, in addition to Crocodiles and the periodic big Oriental BlackBear Nonetheless, as a result of radical logging in both Malaysia and Indonesia the population varieties of the Orang- utan’s predators have actually dropped substantially with some being much more endangered today than the Orang- utans themselves. Humans are without a doubt the most significant risk to the continuing to be Orang- utan populaces as they have not just damaged much of their distinct woodland homeland yet likewise quest and record the young that are after that marketed right into the unique pet profession.

Orang- utan Fascinating Realities and Functions

The Orang- utan is a really unique animal in the exotic Indonesian woodlands with its intense, red and orange hair causing it likewise being called the RedApe The Orang- utan is not just the biggest tree- house animal on the planet, yet it is likewise among one of the most smart. In order to maximize the seasonal adjustments in the exotic rain forest, Orang- utans are understood to make a psychological map of where the various fruit trees are and when they will certainly bare their mature fruits. Like a variety of various other Excellent Apes, Orang- utans are likewise understood to make use of devices to promote their lives in their forest, frequently utilizing sticks and branches to accumulate honey from bee hives or essence ants and termites from within hollow trees. Although the precise device ability -established appears to rely on private populaces they are truly fairly impressive, with some Orang- utans really understood to make use of big fallen leaves as an umbrella to maintain the most awful of the rainfall off, and likewise placed smaller sized leaves on the soft pads of their hands and feet to shield them in tough plants.

Orang- utan Connection with Humans

Given that the arrival of contemporary Humans in the Indonesian Island chain approximately 40,000 years back, Orang- utan numbers throughout south- eastern Asia have actually been decreasing. As soon as likewise located on the island of Java, Orang- utans are extinct throughout much of their all-natural array today as a result of both searching and environment loss. Initially looked for their meat, points ended up being a lot more threatening in the 1800s when Orang- utans remained in greater need from zoos all over the world and babies were recorded to be marketed to them. Points were just worsened with the boom in the profession of unique pets, with mom Orang- utans frequently being eliminated attempting to avoid their young from being recorded by individuals. The most significant risk to Orang- utans though is environment loss in the kind of logging for the frequently unlawful logging of exotic hardwoods, and the land clearance for the ever before enhancing hand oil market.

Orang- utan Conservation Status and Life Today

Today, all 3 Orang- utan species are noted by the IUCN as animals that are badly under risk in their natural surroundings with the Bornean Orang- utan, the Sumatran Orang- utan and the Tapanuli Orang- utan noted as Seriously Endangered. With approximately 15,000 Bornean Orang- utans, 5,000 Sumatran Orang- utans and simply 800 Tapanuli Orang- utans believed to stay in the reducing jungles, the circumstance is just worsening and regardless of their lawful defense, an approximated 5,000 Orang- utans are eliminated annually. A variety of recovery and reintroduction tasks feed on both Borneo and Sumatra several of which have actually revealed success. A population of young that were taken from the unlawful pet profession have actually been presented right into among Sumatra’s national forests which have actually been understood to be efficiently reproducing, with the population currently completing 70 participants. If absolutely nothing remains to be done though regarding their diminishing environments, it been approximated that Orang- utans will certainly be extinct from the wild within the following one decade.

Discover the population of orang- utans on the planet today.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals
  8. Sumatran Orang-utan Information, Available here: http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/39780/0
  9. Bornean Orang-utan Information, Available here: http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/17975/0

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