Onagadori chicken

The Onagadori, the chicken with the world’s longest tail, was declared a Natural Monument of Japan in 1952.
Onagadori chicken Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Gallus gallus
Onagadori chicken Physical Characteristics
Fewer than 1000
6 to 7 years on average
3 to 4 pounds
Onagadori chicken Distribition

The Onagadori chicken of Japan has the lengthiest tail on the planet, with plumes maturing to 27 feet in size!

The decorative Onagadori chicken came from centuries back in the Kochi Prefecture in Japan. These incredibly lengthy- trailed chickens were reproduced to maintain an anomaly which protected against tail plumes from molting. This anomaly permitted the birds to expand tails approximately 27 feet in size. Obviously, dog breeders needed to take unique preventative measures to safeguard the excellent tail plumes and safeguard the chickens frompredators

In 1952, The Onagadori signed up with a pick team of chickens called as All-natural Monoliths of Japan, a difference that made them a nationwide prize. This step provided security and reproductive assistance from the Japanese federal government. Exportation of the birds was mainly forbidden, and initiatives were required to maintain the type. The Onagadori was likewise cross- reproduced with various other kinds of chickens, causing the extra usual Phoenix metro chicken and theYokohama chicken Both of these sporting activity long tails, yet not virtually as long as the Onagadori.

Amazing Onagadori Chicken Realities

  • The Onagadori is the chicken with the lengthiest tail on the planet, coming up to 27 feet.
  • The Onagadori is a seriously endangered type with projected numbers much less than 1000 wo.
  • Onagadori chickens call for a high healthy protein diet in order to expand their unbelievably lengthy tail plumes, which do not molt or molt hardly ever.
  • The plumes of the Onagadori roosters call for security making use of unique perches and treatment.
  • Onagadori chickens get along and manageable birds.
  • The Onagadori might have stemmed from crosses of wild junglefowl.

Where to Discover Onagadori Chickens

Onagadori chickens are discovered virtually specifically in Japan. There are handful in the USA, Europe and perhaps somewhere else on the planet, yet they are uncommon. Japan assigned the Onagadori as an All-natural Monolith two times: initially, in 1923 and once again in 1952. During that time, it was offered the name Tosa- no-Onagadori and was proclaimed an Unique National Natural Prize. The Oshino Onagadori Conservation Culture was created to assist maintain the type.

Japan banned the export of these cherished chickens and their eggs after they were detailed as an All-natural Monolith. The Onagadori lines discovered in various other components of the globe have actually been reproduced from older lines, exported prior to Japan set up the restriction. The hereditary pureness of these Onagadori birds, as contrasted to the old Onagadori type, has actually been thinned down via going across with various other chickens.

One location for individuals to see Onagadori chickens remains in the Onagadori Facility in Nankoku City, Japan. The Onagadori roosters in this center are maintained in the typical nesting boxes, called tomebako.

Onagadori Chicken Scientific Name

The Yokohama chicken’s scientific name is Gallus gallus or Gallus gallus domesticus, much like various other tamed chickens all over the world. The red junglefowl of South and Southeast Asia, G. gallus, was called by Linnaeus in 1758. Today lots of various types make up the Gallus gallus domesticus species.

Onagadori Chicken Appearance

Onagadori long tail chicken
The decorative Onagadori chicken came from centuries back in the Kochi Prefecture in Japan.SARAWUT DEEPALA/Shutterstock. com

The Onagadori is a little to tool sized chicken with an extremely lengthy tail. The chickens consider just around 3 extra pounds. Roosters consider around 4 extra pounds at maturation. Onagadori been available in a range of shades. The shades discovered in the Nankuko City populaces consist of black breasted white, black breasted red, and white.

One of the most fantastic function of the Onadagori is the size of its tail plumes. Male Onadagori chickens have the lengthiest tails on the planet. This function is many thanks to a recessive genetics. Onagadori of both sexes have lengthy saddle plumes. Males have sickle plumes in their tails that do not molt, or hardly ever do, and can rise to 27 feet in size.

Onagadori chickens are sexually dimorphic, indicating that the birds vary in appearance in between male and female as they develop. Both have slate blue legs and beaks, and white earlobes. They have round, red faces and tool sized wattles. They both have right, solitary, intense red combs, although the male combs are bigger.

In 2018, researchers examined the impact hormonal agents carried the development of chicken plumes. They discovered that although the manufacturing of plumes in both male and female chickens can be impacted by a variety of variables, hormonal agents might be one of the most prominent. Various other variables consist of temperature level, light, and the bird’s private diet. A diet abundant in healthy protein is definitely needed for expanding the lengthy, snowy tail plumes regular of a healthy and balancedOnagadori

Onagadori Chicken Actions

Onagadori chickens go to high danger of predation because of their tiny dimension and extremely lengthy tail plumes. In Japan, the male birds are typically maintained as captive birds, living most of their lives in a tomebako. Dog breeders take terrific like safeguard the chickens not just from predators, yet likewise from anything that may harm their plumes.

Like any kind of various other chickens, however, Onagadori do take pleasure in time to stroll on the lawn and check out. They call for a protected room, maintained extremely tidy, with high perches to ensure that they can reside their tails disentangled.

Onagadori chickens are extremely pleasant birds. These decorative chickens are not hostile and they succeed with individuals. They must be secured from various other chickens, particularly if proprietors desire their roosters to expand lengthy tails.


According to a publication on increasing Onagadori composed throughout the Taisho age from 1912 to 1926, these chickens were increased mostly on “rice bran, loach and crucian, frogs, insects (like grasshoppers, earthworms and tiny locust) and dragonfly fairies.” Like various other fowl, modern-day Onagadori chickens are generally increased on grain- based feeds which are changed as they develop. Chicks obtain one kind of feed developed for their fast development. As the chickens come close to sex-related maturation at around 24 weeks, they are changed to one more feed that is specifically developed with lots of calcium for the very best egg manufacturing. Grown-up roosters are likewise offered a feed that is high in healthy protein.

A diet abundant in healthy protein is needed for all birds, to sustain the development of their plumes. Plumes are composed of 90 percent or even more of the healthy protein keratin. Onagadori chickens, particularly the males which hardly ever or never ever molt their tail plumes, require a wealth of amino acids. A lot of this healthy protein originates from their feed.

Onagadori Chicken Reproduction

Onagadori chickens get to sex-related maturation behind chickens that have actually been reproduced for laying, according to scientists from Hiroshima College. When compared to White Leghorn chickens, the Onagadori chickens got to sex-related maturation after 237 days versus 192 days for Leghorns. Onagadori chickens likewise generated less eggs generally.

Onagadori chickens are seriously endangered birds. Their population reduced to as couple of as 200 birds in Japan around 2013. The scientists from Hiroshima College examined the top quality of Onagadori eggs, uncovering that they were of high quality from the actual begin. They recommended that as lots of eggs as feasible must be nurtured and increased in order to strengthen the type’s numbers.

A group of scientists researching Onagadori genes in 2014 released a research study on the hereditary variety of the type. They discovered that in order to maintain the Onagadori, initiatives should be made to avoid contamination of the lines with various other types. They likewise discovered that initiatives would certainly require to be made to preserve hereditary variety within populaces. Falling short on either front might cause the erasure of the type for life.

Onagadori chicks are offered from a handful of dog breeders beyond Japan. Specialists alert that they might be further eliminated from the Onagadori hereditary line because of going across with types like the Phoenix metrochicken


Onagadori chickens are tiny birds. They have the ability to fly approximately high perches, yet the males have such lengthy tail plumes it would certainly be tough for them to get awaypredators Owls and hawks are regular predators that may make a simple dish of an Onadagori. Bears and foxes are likewise existing in Japan and somewhere else. These groceries predators might take advantage of neglected chickens or get into cages that are not well protected.

Thankfully, Onagadori chickens are typically maintained in extremely safe and secure rooms, because of their standing as cherished birds. Serpents are possibly the most significant risk to the Onagadori, as predators go, due to the fact that they can go into a cage via the tiniest of openings and feast on chicks.

Problems regarding animal legal rights

In the Kochi Prefecture, Onagadori roosters have actually typically been maintained in unique boxes called tomebako. These increased, cabinet like boxes are so slim that the roosters are not able to reverse. They have an obstacle in between the lengthy area where the tail plumes are permitted to track down and the perch where the chicken stands or rests. The rooster invests the majority of its life as a captive bird in this tiny room, to ensure that it can expand the lengthiest and highest plumes.

Individuals worried about animal legal rights have actually revealed worry for the Onagadori chicken, because of using the tomebako. They urge that these gorgeous chickens would certainly choose to hang out outside, on the lawn, and able to roam about. Dog breeders that do enable their Onagadori roosters to hang out outdoors might require to place in added job to maintain their plumes tidy and devoid of particles.

Life-span of the Onagadori Chicken

Onagadori chickens live around 6 to 7 years usually, yet have actually been reported to meet two decades. Throughout their life time, Onagadori roosters rarely or never ever molt their tail plumes.

Like various other chickens, they are vulnerable to specific bird conditions, such as transmittable respiratory disease, bird flu, chicken cholera, chicken pox, aspergillosis, and various types of mycoplasma. Dog breeders function vigilantly to avoid such ailments due to the fact that the Onagadori goes to such danger of vanishing.

Similar Animals

  • Phoenix Chicken– The Phoenix metro is an offspring of theOnagadori It has tail plumes that mature to 5 feet long.
  • Yokohama Chicken– The Yokohama is one more offspring of Japanese lengthy- trailed chickens, consisting of the Onagadori
  • Silkie Chicken— The silkie chicken is a bird of Chinese beginning which is tiny in stature like the Yokohama, yet it has cosy plumes around.


  1. Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China., Available here: http://chicken.ynau.edu.cn/index/breeds/index.html?1=5&breed_id=chicken0107
  2. Universiti Putra Malaysia / Khairul Anuar Muhamad Noh and Arifin Abdu, Available here: https://upm.edu.my/news/upm_receives_a_mounted_onagadori_fowl_with_the_longest_tail_in_the_world_from_the_japanese_government-34507
  3. Guidoor Mobile City Guide, Available here: https://www.guidoor.jp/en/places/5887
  4. The National Center for Biotechnology Information, Available here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=info&id=9031
  5. Japan Poultry Science Association, Available here: https://jpn-psa.jp/en/introduction/
  6. National Library of Medicine, Available here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6333526/
  7. frontiers / Sec. Avian Physiology, Available here: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2019.01609/full
  8. Japan Poultry Science Association, Available here: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jpsa/52/2/52_0140109/_pdf/-char/en
  9. Ameba, Available here: https://ameblo.jp/sekainoonaga/entry-12639028637.html
  10. The Journal of Poultry Science , Available here: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/261216574

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