Onagadori Chicken

The Onagadori, the chicken with the world’s longest tail, was declared a Natural Monument of Japan in 1952.
Onagadori Chicken Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Gallus gallus
Onagadori Chicken Physical Characteristics
Fewer than 1000
6 to 7 years on average
3 to 4 pounds
Onagadori Chicken Distribition

The Onagadori chicken of Japan has the lengthiest tail on the planet, with plumes maturing to 27 feet in size!

The decorative Onagadori chicken came from centuries back in the Kochi Prefecture in Japan. These exceptionally lengthy- trailed chickens were reproduced to protect an anomaly which protected against tail plumes from molting. This anomaly permitted the birds to expand tails approximately 27 feet in size. Naturally, dog breeders needed to take unique safety measures to safeguard the remarkable tail plumes and safeguard the chickens frompredators

In 1952, The Onagadori signed up with a choose team of chickens called as All-natural Monoliths of Japan, a difference that made them a nationwide prize. This action provided security and reproductive assistance from the Japanese federal government. Exportation of the birds was mostly restricted, and initiatives were required to protect the type. The Onagadori was likewise cross- reproduced with various other sorts of chickens, leading to the a lot more typical Phoenix chicken and theYokohama chicken Both of these sporting activity long tails, yet not almost as long as the Onagadori.

Unbelievable Onagadori Chicken Truths

  • The Onagadori is the chicken with the lengthiest tail on the planet, coming up to 27 feet.
  • The Onagadori is a seriously endangered type with projected numbers much less than 1000 wo.
  • Onagadori chickens need a high healthy protein diet in order to expand their unbelievably lengthy tail plumes, which do not molt or molt hardly ever.
  • The plumes of the Onagadori roosters need security making use of unique perches and treatment.
  • Onagadori chickens get along and accommodating birds.
  • The Onagadori might have stemmed from crosses of wild junglefowl.

Where to Discover Onagadori Chickens

Onagadori chickens are located virtually solely in Japan. There are handful in the USA, Europe and possibly in other places on the planet, yet they are unusual. Japan marked the Onagadori as an All-natural Monolith two times: initially, in 1923 and once more in 1952. During that time, it was provided the name Tosa- no-Onagadori and was stated an Unique National Natural Prize. The Oshino Onagadori Conservation Culture was created to assist protect the type.

Japan forbade the export of these valued chickens and their eggs after they were noted as an All-natural Monolith. The Onagadori lines located in various other components of the globe have actually been reproduced from older lines, exported prior to Japan set up the restriction. The hereditary pureness of these Onagadori birds, as contrasted to the old Onagadori type, has actually been weakened via going across with various other chickens.

One area for individuals to see Onagadori chickens remains in the Onagadori Facility in Nankoku City, Japan. The Onagadori roosters in this center are maintained in the conventional nesting boxes, called tomebako.

Onagadori Chicken Scientific Name

The Onagadori chicken’s scientific name is Gallus gallus or Gallus gallus domesticus, similar to various other tamed chickens around the globe. The red junglefowl of South and Southeast Asia, G. gallus, was called by Linnaeus in 1758. Today lots of various types make up the Gallus gallus domesticus species.

Onagadori Chicken Appearance

Onagadori long tail chicken
The decorative Onagadori chicken came from centuries back in the Kochi Prefecture in Japan.SARAWUT DEEPALA/Shutterstock. com

The Onagadori is a tiny to tool sized chicken with a very lengthy tail. The chickens evaluate just around 3 extra pounds. Roosters evaluate around 4 extra pounds at maturation. Onagadori can be found in a range of shades. The shades located in the Nankuko City populaces consist of black breasted white, black breasted red, and white.

One of the most fantastic function of the Onadagori is the size of its tail plumes. Male Onadagori chickens have the lengthiest tails on the planet. This function is many thanks to a recessive genetics. Onagadori of both sexes have lengthy saddle plumes. Males have sickle plumes in their tails that do not molt, or hardly ever do, and can rise to 27 feet in size.

Onagadori chickens are sexually dimorphic, implying that the birds vary in appearance in between male and female as they develop. Both have slate blue legs and beaks, and white earlobes. They have round, red faces and tool sized wattles. They both have right, solitary, intense red combs, although the male combs are bigger.

In 2018, researchers researched the result hormonal agents carried the development of chicken plumes. They located that although the manufacturing of plumes in both male and female chickens can be influenced by a variety of aspects, hormonal agents might be one of the most significant. Various other aspects consist of temperature level, light, and the bird’s specific diet. A diet abundant in healthy protein is definitely needed for expanding the lengthy, snowy tail plumes common of a healthy and balancedOnagadori

Onagadori Chicken Habits

Onagadori chickens go to high threat of predation because of their tiny dimension and extremely lengthy tail plumes. In Japan, the male birds are typically maintained as captive birds, living most of their lives in a tomebako. Dog breeders take excellent like safeguard the chickens not just from predators, yet likewise from anything that may harm their plumes.

Like any kind of various other chickens, however, Onagadori do appreciate time to wander on the turf and check out. They need a protected room, maintained remarkably tidy, with high perches to ensure that they can reside their tails disentangled.

Onagadori chickens are extremely pleasant birds. These decorative chickens are not hostile and they succeed with individuals. They ought to be shielded from various other chickens, specifically if proprietors desire their roosters to expand lengthy tails.


According to a publication on elevating Onagadori created throughout the Taisho period from 1912 to 1926, these chickens were elevated mostly on “rice bran, loach and crucian, frogs, insects (like grasshoppers, earthworms and tiny locust) and dragonfly fairies.” Like various other chicken, modern-day Onagadori chickens are normally elevated on grain- based feeds which are readjusted as they develop. Chicks obtain one sort of feed developed for their quick development. As the chickens come close to sex-related maturation at around 24 weeks, they are changed to one more feed that is particularly developed with a lot of calcium for the very best egg manufacturing. Grown-up roosters are likewise provided a feed that is high in healthy protein.

A diet abundant in healthy protein is needed for all birds, to sustain the development of their plumes. Plumes are comprised of 90 percent or even more of the healthy protein keratin. Onagadori chickens, specifically the males which hardly ever or never ever molt their tail plumes, require a wealth of amino acids. The majority of this healthy protein originates from their feed.

Onagadori Chicken Reproduction

Onagadori chickens get to sex-related maturation behind chickens that have actually been reproduced for laying, according to scientists from Hiroshima College. When compared to White Leghorn chickens, the Onagadori chickens got to sex-related maturation after 237 days versus 192 days for Leghorns. Onagadori chickens likewise created less eggs in general.

Onagadori chickens are seriously endangered birds. Their population lowered to as couple of as 200 birds in Japan around 2013. The scientists from Hiroshima College researched the high quality of Onagadori eggs, uncovering that they were of high quality from the actual beginning. They recommended that as lots of eggs as feasible ought to be bred and elevated in order to reinforce the type’s numbers.

A group of scientists examining Onagadori genes in 2014 released a research study on the hereditary variety of the type. They located that in order to protect the Onagadori, initiatives need to be made to stop contamination of the lines with various other types. They likewise located that initiatives would certainly require to be made to preserve hereditary variety within populaces. Falling short on either front might lead to the erasure of the type for life.

Onagadori chicks are readily available from a handful of dog breeders beyond Japan. Specialists alert that they might be further gotten rid of from the Onagadori hereditary line because of going across with types like the Phoenix chicken.


Onagadori chickens are tiny birds. They have the ability to fly approximately high perches, yet the males have such lengthy tail plumes it would certainly be hard for them to run awaypredators Owls and hawks are common predators that may make a simple dish of an Onadagori. Bears and foxes are likewise existing in Japan and in other places. These bigger predators might take advantage of ignored chickens or get into cages that are not well safeguarded.

Luckily, Onagadori chickens are generally maintained in extremely safe rooms, because of their standing as valued birds. Serpents are possibly the most significant hazard to the Onagadori, as predators go, due to the fact that they can get in a cage via the tiniest of openings and feed on chicks.

Issues regarding animal civil liberties

In the Kochi Prefecture, Onagadori roosters have actually typically been maintained in unique boxes called tomebako. These elevated, cabinet like boxes are so slim that the roosters are not able to reverse. They have an obstacle in between the lengthy area where the tail plumes are permitted to track down and the perch where the chicken stands or rests. The rooster invests the majority of its life as a captive bird in this tiny room, to ensure that it can expand the lengthiest and highest plumes.

Individuals interested in animal civil liberties have actually shared issue for the Onagadori chicken, because of using the tomebako. They firmly insist that these gorgeous chickens would certainly favor to hang around outside, on the turf, and able to stray about. Dog breeders that do enable their Onagadori roosters to hang around outdoors might require to place in added job to maintain their plumes tidy and without particles.

Life Expectancy of the Onagadori Chicken

Onagadori chickens live around 6 to 7 years usually, yet have actually been reported to meet two decades. Throughout their life time, Onagadori roosters rarely or never ever molt their tail plumes.

Like various other chickens, they are vulnerable to particular bird illness, such as contagious respiratory disease, bird flu, chicken cholera, chicken pox, aspergillosis, and various types of mycoplasma. Dog breeders function vigilantly to stop such health problems due to the fact that the Onagadori goes to such threat of going away.

Similar Animals

  • Phoenix Chicken – The Phoenix metro is an offspring of the Onagadori It has tail plumes that mature to 5 feet long.
  • Yokohama Chicken – The Yokohama is one more offspring of Japanese lengthy- trailed chickens, consisting of the Onagadori
  • Silkie Chicken – The silkie chicken is a bird of Chinese beginning which is tiny in stature like the Yokohama, yet it has cosy plumes around.


  1. Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China., Available here: http://chicken.ynau.edu.cn/index/breeds/index.html?1=5&breed_id=chicken0107
  2. Universiti Putra Malaysia / Khairul Anuar Muhamad Noh and Arifin Abdu, Available here: https://upm.edu.my/news/upm_receives_a_mounted_onagadori_fowl_with_the_longest_tail_in_the_world_from_the_japanese_government-34507
  3. Guidoor Mobile City Guide, Available here: https://www.guidoor.jp/en/places/5887
  4. The National Center for Biotechnology Information, Available here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=info&id=9031
  5. Japan Poultry Science Association, Available here: https://jpn-psa.jp/en/introduction/
  6. National Library of Medicine, Available here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6333526/
  7. frontiers / Sec. Avian Physiology, Available here: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2019.01609/full
  8. Japan Poultry Science Association, Available here: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jpsa/52/2/52_0140109/_pdf/-char/en
  9. Ameba, Available here: https://ameblo.jp/sekainoonaga/entry-12639028637.html
  10. The Journal of Poultry Science , Available here: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/261216574

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