There are 97 nightjar species across 20 genera!
Nightjar Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Caprimulgus ruficollis, Eurostopodus argus, and others
Eurostopodus, Caprimulgus, and others
Nightjar Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black, White
12 years
0.7 to 6.6 ounces
Nightjar Distribition

These birds are hard to find as they assimilate with their atmosphere and just appear in the evening.


The nightjars (Caprimulgidae) are a family of nighttime birds with level heads, long wings, and huge eyes. These birds have a multicolor tinting that masks them versus tree bark, making them hard to place. They live around the world, with the exception of Antarctica and extremely dry deserts. They mostly live in open nation locations where they invest their days relaxing in concealing places and their evenings searching for flying insects. Learn whatever there is to learn about the nightjars, consisting of where they live, what they eat, and exactly how they act.

5 Remarkable Nightjar Truths

  • Nightjars do not construct a nest. Rather, they lay their eggs straight on the ground.
  • There are 97 nightjar species throughout 20 category!
  • Males make a slapping noise with their wings while safeguarding their regions or dating a female.
  • They utilize their substantial mouths to ingest insects entire.
  • Numerous nightjar species are decreasing because of human disturbance.

Where to Discover the Nightjar

Nightjars survive every continent other than Antarctica, occupying numerous nations, such as the USA, Colombia, Italy, Kenya, and the UK. They stay in a wide variety of environments from water level to the hills, staying in jungles to deserts. However they choose open nation locations with some plant life. These birds are hard to find as they assimilate with their atmosphere and just appear in the evening. Pay attention for their scary hollow notes as they rest perched or dart bent on get hold of a flying insect.

Nightjars are among minority birds that do not construct a nest framework. Rather, they lay their eggs straight on the fallen leave- made strides. They utilize their distinct coloring to camouflage them and their young.

Scientific Name

The nightjar (Caprimulgidae) comes from the Caprimulgiformes order in the Caprimulgidae family. They are additionally called nighthawks and bugeaters; the term “nightjar” is commonly utilized in Europe, while the New Globe species are described as “nighthawks.” There are 97 nightjar species throughout 20 category, consisting of the seen nightjar, typical nighthawk, Madagascar nightjar.

Dimension, Appearance, & & Habits

Nightjars are tool- sized nighttime birds (some are crepuscular), determining around 12 inches long and considering 0.7 to 6.6 ounces, with a 20- inch wingspan. They have lengthy wings, brief legs, little costs, huge eyes, and level heads. Their coloring is a multicolor brownish, grey, black, and white, flawlessly concealed with the tree bark.

Many nightjar species are nighttime, relaxing in thick vegetative hiding areas throughout the day and searching in the evening. These birds are reasonably singular, however they create sets throughout the reproducing period, and some friend forever. Their articulations can differ, some seeming like tedious hollow notes and others creating brief trills. Males might additionally make a slapping noise with their wings when safeguarding their regions or dating a female. They are exceptional fliers, capturing insects while travelling with the air. They are nimble and resilient fliers, however their specific rate is unidentified.

European nightjar in a tree
This European nightjar is multicolor brownish and grey, enabling it to camouflage flawlessly with the tree bark. Vassiliy Vishnevskiy

Movement Patterns and Timing

Nightjars are migratory birds that start taking a trip at the start of fall. Research study discloses that they integrate their traveling with the moon’s stages, implying their movement patterns are connected with the lunar cycle. Numerous species reproduce in north areas and move to warmer environments throughout winter season. As an example, the European nightjar invests its springtime and summertime in Northern Europe and its winter season in Below- Saharan Africa.


Nightjars are insectivores that search in the evening.

What Does the Nightjar Eat?

Their diet is composed mostly of flying and abounding insects, such as ants, flies, mosquitos, moths, grasshoppers, beetles, midgets, and caterpillars. They will periodically eat spiders, millipedes, centipedes, and tiny snails. These birds search in the evening from a perch, rushing out to get hold of insects in mid- air and ingesting them entire with their open mouths.

Predators, Hazards, and Conservation Status

A number of nightjar species are intimidated or near- intimidated, such as the red- necked and Puerto Rican nightjars. Their most significant risks consist of environment loss, roadway crashes, and nest predators These birds nest on the ground, making them vulnerable to burglars, and they roost near roadways, making them a lot more at risk to death from automobile.

What Consumes the Nightjar?

Nightjars are ground nesting birds and have lots of nest predators that exploit their eggs and young. They are vulnerable to red foxes, martens, hedgehogs, weasels, residential dogs, crows, magpies, jays, owls, and serpents. Nightjars are understood for their diversion display screens, where they invent injuries to tempt predators far from their nests. However these birds mostly utilize camouflage to hide themselves.

Reproduction, Youthful, and Molting

Many nightjar species are virginal. Some might also mate forever, while others remain with each other for one reproducing period. Their reproductive period starts throughout the springtime and lasts till late summertime, depending upon the area. Females lay one to 4 white or lotion- tinted eggs and nurture them for 16 to thirty day. The young fledge the nest around 16 to 21 days and end up being totally independent in simply over one month. Many species end up being sexually fully grown around one year and live approximately 12 years.


The worldwide nightjar population is unidentified, however the typical nightjar alone makes up 23 million fully grown people. Numerous nightjar species have lowering numbers mostly because of human disturbance.


  1. IUCN Redlist, Available here:
  2. Science Direct, Available here:
  3. Online LIbrary, Available here:
  4. New Scientist, Available here:

Relate animals

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

They are one of the oldest breeds of guinea pig

Ackie Monitor

The ackie monitor has a spiny tail which it uses as in self-defense.


The Albertonectes had the longest neck out of other Elasmosaurids.

American Bully

Though the American bully was bred to look intimidating, it makes an extremely friendly family pet!

Latest Animal News