Nicobar pigeon

Unlike other pigeons, Nicobar pigeons don’t fly in haphazard flocks but in columns or single file.
Nicobar pigeon Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Caloenas nicobarica
Nicobar pigeon Physical Characteristics
Grey, Blue, White, Green, Golden
The population of is unknown, but it is decreasing and the bird’s conservation status is near threatened. There are about 1000 individuals on Palau as of 2021.
8 to 12 years in the wild, and 10 to 15 years in captivity
Top speed
93 mph
16.22 to 21.16 ounces
Nicobar pigeon Distribition

The Nicobar pigeon is the last of the Caloenas pigeons”

The Nicobar pigeon is the only participant of the Caloenas genus and is thought to be the only living family member of the bad dodo along with an animal called the Rodrigues jewelry. It’s well-known for its outstanding, glittery plumes yet however searched for food and its treasure- top quality gizzard rock.

4 Fantastic Nicobar Pigeon Realities!

Right here are 4 truths and attributes concerning the magnificent Nicobar pigeon.

  • The bird’s gizzard rock is so tough that it can grind nuts that humans require a hammer to, it’s made right into precious jewelry. The gizzard is just one of the adjustments the bird has for eroding seeds and nuts that could or else be also tough to eat.
  • It is the globe’s biggest pigeon.
  • When the Nicobar pigeon intends to stun predators, it makes a seem like a pig grunting.
  • Both moms and dads feed their squab with “pigeon milk.”

What Does the Nicobar Pigeon Concern the Dodo Bird?

The Nicobar pigeon is the extinct dodo’s closest living family member. Both of them are/were participants of the Columbidae family. Many individuals are amazed that the hideous, flightless, turkey- sized dodo was a sort of dove, yet it was!

Where To Locate the Nicobar Pigeon

The Nicobar pigeon can be located in the lowland rain forests, completely dry woodlands, shrublands, and mangroves on the islands in the Malay Island Chain, in Palau and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to name a few. A particularly big nest was located in a wild animals refuge on Battimalv, among the Nicobar Islands. There are additionally populaces in the south of Vietnam and Cambodia. They have actually additionally been seen in western Australia.

Nicobar Pigeon Nests

Nicobar pigeon nests are constructed from branches and developed high in the trees. They are simply tough adequate to maintain the egg from befalling and bear the weight of the moms and dads as they nurture it.

Nicobar Pigeon Scientific Name

The pigeon’s scientific name is Caloenas nicobarica Caloenas originates from the Greek words kalos, which implies “lovely,” and oinas, which implies “dove,” and it is certainly an attractive dove. Nicobarica implies that it’s from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. One subspecies, Caloenas nicobarica pelewensis obtains its name since it’s located on the island of Palau. An additional subspecies is C.n. nicobarica

Nicobar Pigeon Appearance

Among one of the most lovely attributes of the Nicobar pigeon is the lovely, rainbowlike plumes on its wings and body. Various other attributes are its lengthy hackles, which are often maintained completely put up and its brief, pure white tail. Besides that, it is the biggest extant pigeon and can expand to almost 16 inches in size and evaluate over an extra pound, with a wingspan of 21 to 23 inches.

The pigeon has a long, slim neck and a slim head, and its costs is garnished with a handle or an upright wattle that’s specifically popular in males. Its lengthy, solid feet and legs are red. The tail is brief and pure white and is just seen in grownups. Researchers think that this white tail is just one of the adjustments that cultivate group cohesiveness. It acts as a leading light when the birds are flying and allows participants of the group understand that the bird is a grown-up and must not be dated or adhered to.

A pair of Nicobar pigeon in nest (Caloenas nicobarica).
A set of Nicobar pigeons in the nest (Caloenas nicobarica).wannachat/Shutterstock. com

Nicobar Pigeon Actions

The pigeon flies from island to island trying to find food. Though it’s a solid flier, it forages nuts, seeds, and dropped fruit on the woodland flooring from sunrise till dusk. Foraging on the ground is just one of the adjustments that make the bird tough to see, for the color tossed by the trees dulls the shades of its plumes. It constructs its nest high in the trees, and unlike some birds, a mated set does not mind if an additional set constructs its nest in the exact same tree. At some point, there can be big swarms of these birds nesting close with each other.

Nicobar Pigeon Diet

The diet of this pigeon is comprised of grains, seeds, nuts, buds, berries, and invertebrates.

Nicobar Pigeon Predators and Dangers

Humans are the primary predators of Nicobar pigeons They are searched for their meat and their gizzard rocks and entraped for the unlawful pet profession. They are preyed upon by rats and pets such as cats.

The devastation of its environment is additionally condemned for the decrease in the pigeon’s numbers. This consists of removing the land for ranches and air pollution triggered by sector.

Nicobar Pigeon Reproduction, Infants, and Life Expectancy

Nicobar pigeons typically reproduce from January to March. The male struts prior to the female and smokes out his plumes to thrill her. He could require to do this for some days prior to she approves him, yet if she does, they are mated permanently, as Nicobar pigeons are virginal. He after that selects the website of the nest, which is in between 6.5 and 39 feet off the ground, and she constructs an instead slipshod nest of branches. There she will certainly lay a solitary, blue- colored egg that both moms and dads nurture for concerning a month.

Nicobar squabs are powerless when they are birthed and are fed plant milk up until they can take seeds and fruit. Their plumes begin ahead in when they have to do with 10 days old, and they can feed themselves when they have to do with a month old. The life-span of a Nicobar pigeon has to do with 8 to 12 years in the wild, yet they can live as long as 15 years in bondage if they’re offered great treatment.

Nicobar Pigeon Population

The overall population of the species and subspecies hasn’t been established, yet there go to the very least 1000 participants of C.n. pelewensis on Palau.


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  2. Pigeonpedia, Available here:
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  5. Wikipedia, Available here:
  6. Rosamond Gifford Zoo, Available here:
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  8. Datazone, Available here:

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