Mule Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Equus mulus
Mule Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Black
15-20 years
Top speed
15 mph
350-450kg (771-992lbs)
Mule Distribition

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” A foolish mule is still smarter than a great horse or a poor guy.”

Mules are a hereditary crossbreed that has actually been the workhorse of human world for centuries. More powerful than a horse, however gentler than a donkey, the mule incorporates all the most effective components of both types right into a bundle that is a staple of farming searches around the world.

Amazing Mule Truths!

  • A mule is the spawn of a male donkey and a female horse.
  • Mules are animals that were purposefully developed throughout old times in order to highlight the most effective qualities of the stallion and the donkey.
  • Since mules have 63 chromosomes– a blend of 64 from the horse and 62 from the donkey– many are sterile.
  • Among the earliest videotaped circumstances of mules remains in Old Egypt circa 3000 BCE.
  • They complete in all of the exact same equestrian occasions, consisting of dressage, like horses.

Mule Scientific Name

These animals are family members Equidae of the genus Equus Their scientific name is Equus mulus, which stands real for both the male and female of the species regardless of their various names. The mule is a crossbreed of a male donkey, called a jack, and a female horse, called a mare. Equus is the Latin word for horse, and mulus is Latin for mule.

Mule Appearance and Actions

Mules are animals that look precisely like what they genuinely are, the resulting hereditary crossbreed of a stallion and a donkey. While normally brownish or grey, they can be available in any type of layer and shade discovered on both horses and donkeys. They are bigger than leaner than jacks and smaller sized however stouter than colts. Their heads are much shorter, thicker, and extra carefully look like that of a donkey while their ears are longer than a horse’s however much shorter than a donkey’s.

The typical dimension of these animals is in between 50 and 70 inches in elevation, and their weight can vary in between 600 and 1,500 extra pounds. Mini animals evaluating just 50 extra pounds have actually been reproduced, and the biggest videotaped male considered in at an enormous 2,200 extra pounds. That weight varies from a typical- sized male bulldog approximately the weight of 2 grizzly bears assembled. Beauty, the biggest and heaviest mule, additionally stood an excellent 19.1 hands high, regarding 77 inches!

These animals’ character was the perfect that dog breeders were attempting to get to when incorporating the top qualities of colts and jacks. In them, you have the stamina and strength of a donkey combined with the mixed personalities of both moms and dads. Stallions tend to be wayward, or quickly scared, and jacks are called persistent and hard to take care of. The mule is a stolid, person, and normally also- toughened up monster.

Two mules drinking water

Mule Environment

Mules are discovered throughout the globe. They lie on every continent however Antarctica and their reproduction has actually left them well- matched to manage nearly all environments. With their harder skin, when contrasted to a stallion, they are much less most likely to get too hot, and they require much less food than a horse making foraging much easier.

Mules are a human developed species and, therefore, they have no all-natural environment. They can be discovered anywhere that humans have actually brought them.

Mule Diet

Relative to its diet, the mule is no various than its moms and dads. They eat a variety of yards and little bushes. If they do not have a big sufficient location to forage effectively, normally one to 2 acres, after that their diet might be supplemented by hay, grain, or pelletized food.

One more outcome of the hybridization of the species is that, although they have actually maintained the dimension of the colt, they just call for a portion of the quantity of food needed to feed a stallion. When not functioning, they invest most of its day consuming or relaxing.

Mule Predators and Dangers

The primary hazard mules deal with is illness. Stallions, donkeys, and mules all deal with similar illness such as tetanus, Eastern equine encephalomyelitis, and equine flu. Suitable take care of the mule, regular vet check-ups, and inoculation programs all assist to avoid the tightening of these ailments, or at the very least to alleviate the results. Being that they are completely residential animals, they do not generally deal with a hazard from any type of killer.

Mule Reproduction, Infants and Life-span

As discussed over, mules are reproduced by cross- reproducing a mare with a jack. The mare brings to life an infant, called a foal, after a gestational duration of 11 to twelve month. The typical mule lives roughly thirty years, however there have actually been mules that have actually lived well right into their 40s. Since mules have the strange variety of chromosomes, 63, as a matter of fact, they are commonly sterile. Nonetheless, there have actually been circumstances of female mules delivering.

Mule Population

These animals feed on 6 of the 7 continents with Antarctica being the exemption. They live nearly solely in human treatment as, as a result of the above- gone over fertility problems, they are mostly not able to reproduce in the wild to maintain a feral herd. Reputable population numbers are virtually difficult to find by; nevertheless, the united state Division of Farming reported roughly 200,000 mules staying within the USA alone since 1998. The mule is classified as a species of least concern.

Mules in the Zoo

These animals prevail views in zoos all throughout the USA. They are regularly discovered in stroking zoos too as a result of their even character. The San Diego Zoo has a number of mules, and they just recently gave away a number of to CalFire for usage as pack animals in remote wild locations of the state to aid in combating wildfires.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals
  8. Britannica, Available here:
  9. American Mule Museum, Available here:
  10. Farm Show Magazine (1990) Vol. 14 Iss. 4 Pg. 20, Available here:
  11. American Mule Association, Available here:

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