Mountain Lion

Mountain Lion Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Felis Concolor
Mountain Lion Physical Characteristics
Brown, Black, Tan
10-20 years
Top speed
30 mph
29-90kg (64-198lbs)
Mountain Lion Distribition

” Can jump to the altitude of a 2- tale framework!”

The mountain lion is a large, tan colored cat species coming from The USA and Canada, Central America along with South America. In the U.S.A., these cats live mainly in western states along with Florida. Similarly called by the name cougar, puma, catamount along with panther, mountain lions are animals that expand in great deals of atmospheres. They stay in a lot more places than any type of type of numerous other Western Hemisphere animal, besides humans.

Mountain Lion Leading Facts

  • Cry like home cats: Mountain lions do not bellow, instead making use of an unique mountain lion scream, holler, hiss, meow along with purr
  • Changing eye color: Cubs are birthed with blue eyes that change to yellow by age 16 months
  • Single life: These lions prefer to live alone on concerning 30 square miles of area
  • Fast joggers: They can opt for quicken to 50 miles per human resources

Preferred a lot more mountain lion facts? Supply ’11 Fantastic Mountain Lion Facts’ a read for a deep research among one of the most remarkable facts concerning these magnificent animals!

Mountain Lion Scientific Name

The mountain lion’s scientific name is Puma concolor, from the Spanish word puma of Latin start. The name transforms to show “mountain lion” in Spanish, French, German along with numerous other Latin- based languages. The huge cat’s phylum is Chordata, in the class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Felidae along with genus Puma Very early Spanish vacationers of the Americas called the cat “leon,” suggesting lion along with “gato monte, suggesting mountain cat. Incas called it “puma,” while extremely early South American Indians called it “cuguacuarana,” where words “cougar” comes. Most of scientists prefer to call these cats “pumas.” These cats have around 40 names in the English language, including panther, puma, cougar, catamount, painter, mountain mistake, red tiger, Mexican lion along with American lion. 6 subspecies stay in The USA and Canada, Central American, eastern South America, north South America, primary South America along with south South America.

Mountain Lion Appearance & Activities

These predators look considerably like over- sized brief- hair home cats. They have little heads with short faces. Ears are rounded along with little. Their bodies are extensive along with smooth, with extensive necks along with tails. Puma legs work, matched to fast increase of price along with created striking. The cats’ teeth take their sufferer, tearing along with decreasing the meat.

The normal mountain lion is an animal that differs from concerning 3′ 3 ″ in dimension to concerning 5′ 5 ″. Yet with their tails, some males action as long as 9 feet along with women as long as 7 feet. The cats different 2 feet along with 2′ 6 ″ from the ground to their shoulders. In their grown-up years, women assess from 80 to 100 additional pounds along with males from 125 to 160 additional pounds. Mountain lion color in the U.S.A. is most commonly tan. Throughout the Americas, their color differs from a tawny color to a blue grey. Their stomaches, interior legs along with throats are frequently lighter in color, with their noses along with tails having black or dark sides. Babies are birthed with locations to camouflage them in the wild. These locations stain at around 6 months. Their blue eyes furthermore change to yellow by the age of 16 months.

Mountain lions are single normally. They sometimes share area with an additional puma, nonetheless prefer a 30 square mile variety to call their extremely own. Some mountain lions maintain a location of as long as 125 square miles. They stay in atmospheres of all kinds in the Western Hemisphere, from uneven locations to the swamps of Florida. Individuals rarely see mountain lions, as they are nighttime along with support to remain to be concealed. Yet they are stealthy animals that track their sufferer. Pumas are actually wise. They remain free from humans whenever possible.

Mountain lions most likely to the top of the food cycle. They keep deer people in balance along with likewise assistance in lowering the selection of auto accident requiring deer. Although brown bears will definitely remove along with take in mountain lions, sometimes the lions win in fights versus these huge bears. Individuals along with domestic animals require to watch out for mountain lions, when we cross right into their atmospheres. Puma remain free from humans whenever possible. Yet people sometimes cross their programs on treking courses or out in the wild.

To recognize specifically just how harmful mountain lions are, take a look at right below.

Mountain Lion Atmosphere

Mountain lions live throughout the Americas, from the Yukon of Canada to the subtropics of South America. Absolutely nothing else American animal, apart from humans, durations such a big land variety. They can stay in essentially any type of type of type of atmosphere, such as hillsides, marshes, timberlands along with deserts, furthermore from sea- degree places to the best snow- covered mountain optimal. Although they prefer 14 western states of the U.S.A., puma in the united state are furthermore found in lowered numbers in Florida. These cats furthermore walk concerning the northeastern states from time- to- time. Mountain lions stay in places with thick shrubs, underbrush along with numerous other plant for cover. If they actually feel daunted, they leave the place. The normal life- period for a wild mountain lion concerns one decade. Yet in zoos, great deals of real-time for 20 or perhaps much more years. As an outcome of showing off task browsing in some locations, the cats in those places simply live to concerning 5 years of ages.

Throughout their life time, mountain lions prefer to live alone. Simply for reproducing along with parenting do they harm this policy. They note their area by peing on heaps of dropped leaves, pain needles or grass along with clawing trees. This notifies numerous other lions to maintain away. If another lion crosses right into the area, both will definitely fight to their death if required. The cats’ layer color varies from location to location. Where they live develops this color. With the capacity to blend right into their atmospheres, mountain lions rapidly take advantage of deer along with little animals.

They take in meadow wolves, raccoons, rabbits along with porcupine. To keep their gotten rid of sufferer along with secure it from scavengers, they conceal it along with return to feed off of it for a variety of days. Mountain lions’ massive back legs have much better muscle mass than their front legs. This enables them to raise to 18 feet right into a tree along with 20 feet up or down a hill. They run actually fast, with their versatile back allowing them to change directions along with step obstacles quickly. Their massive paws keep them regular, with sharp claws for security along with attacking sufferer. Excited view aids them uncover their sufferer.

Predators & Threats along with Diet

One of the most substantial threats to mountain lions are humans. These cats are peak predators, near the top of the food cycle. They are sometimes gotten rid of by brown bear or as element of area fights with numerous other mountain lions. Mountain lions when lived from the eastern coast of America to the west coast. Yet people hesitated the huge cats along with believed them to be predators of animals. So by the 1940s, great deals of states paid bounties for murder of the lions. Each pelt when brought an advantage of $25 to $35. This lowered their numbers certainly, restricting the cat populace mostly to the western coast along with a handful in Florida. Despite laws ready to secure them in great deals of parts of the united state, some people still unjustifiably capture, toxin along with fire the lions shown. Searching is still legal in some enter great deals of states, such as Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, Montana, Colorado, New Mexico, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nevada, Arizona, Texas, Washington along with Oregon.

Mountain lions are predators that are peak predators throughout much of their environment. Their favored meals include mule deer, badgers, raccoons, along with numerous other animals. For a complete examination of their diet, offer our ‘What Do Mountain Lions Eat? 20 Animals in Their Diet’ websites a read!

Mountain Lion Leisure, Newborns along with Life- period

Mountain lion women can mate with a variety of males in one reproductive duration, called estrus. Generally, the females such as to mate with a male from an overlapping area. The 3 to 10 days of a reproducing period is the only time humans see males along with women with each various other. Otherwise, they remain to be single animals along with remain free from phone call. For both women along with males, sex- associated growth takes place at concerning one to 2.5 years old.

Ladies do not try to recreate up till they have in fact established their extremely own area. Ladies with cubs move from one setting on their area to another every number of weeks. This aids her secure the cubs from straying males along with numerous other predators Reproducing takes place throughout the year, when the girl stays in estrus. Yet numerous garb ages are birthed throughout the relaxing months of summer season, especially July to September. Ladies produce a garbage every 1.5 to 2 years, commonly. Yet if she drops a garbage, she quickly enters into estrus one more time. Maternity, furthermore called pregnancy, for a mountain lion concerns 90 days. Maternity for a mountain lion is short contrasted to numerous other massive land animals. Yet it contrasts very carefully to numerous other lions along with their little loved ones, domestic home cats.

  • Human: 270 days
  • Brown bear: 215 days
  • Giraffe: 430 days
  • African lion: 110 days
  • Residence cat: 58 to 67 days
  • Mountain lion: 90 days

Most of garb ages include a number of located, blue- looked at cubs, sometimes called kittycats. Periodically simply one or as great deals of as 4 are birthed. By 6 months old, the hair has in fact become a tawny, unspotted layer like grown-ups. Their blue eyes change to yellow by the age of 16 months. Kittycats signed up nurse for 3 months. They start eating a meat at one along with a half months, afterwards consuming meat especially after dissuading. As they broaden in their expanded- up layers at 6 months, they start browsing with their mother. Babies are taken care of by their mother up till one to 2 years of ages, when the cubs require to begin on their own. Where gone after, such as in united state states that enable some browsing of mountain lions, the normal life- period for amongst these cats concerns 5 years. Delegated live an all- all-natural life- period in the wild, numerous real-time concerning 13 years. The normal life time for these huge cats in zoos concerns 19 years, although some real-time previous 20.

Mountain Lion Populace

Given that 2015, the existing mountain lion populace is outlined as lowering due to reducing atmosphere, nonetheless safe. Typically, the species is not endangered. This is with a number of exceptions, including the subspecies of Florida panthers along with the presently disappeared eastern cougar. The eastern cougar was specified officially disappeared in 2011 by the united state Fish & & & & Wild Animals Remedy. In Florida, simply 160 panthers remain to be. Amongst one of the most substantial problems in mountain lion conservation is the lack of clear lion counts over the previous years. States along with numerous other countries are working presently to create clear issues, such as in The gold state. Yet numerous these cats are identified to exist in the united state, in addition to throughout Central America, Canada along with South America. In The gold state, the Fish along with Wild animals’s Wild animals Investigations Laboratory has in fact developed a purpose to recognize a certain statewide mountain lion issue by 2022.

In addition, there are 15 US states that have a consistent recreating populace of mountain lions.


  1. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World’s Wildlife
  2. Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals
  3. David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia
  4. Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species
  5. David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals
  6. Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals
  7. David W. Macdonald, Oxford University Press (2010) The Encyclopedia Of Mammals

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