Mola mola (Ocean Sunfish)

The ocean sunfish is the biggest bony fish in the world
Mola mola (Ocean Sunfish) Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Mola mola
Mola mola (Ocean Sunfish) Physical Characteristics
Brown, Grey, Silver
Up to 2,200kg (5,000lbs)
Mola mola (Ocean Sunfish) Distribition

The sea sunfish (Mola mola) is probably the most significant bony fish on the planet.

These substantial titans take a trip the globe’s seas looking for food to eat. In spite of the dimension, they are thought about to be rather accommodating and mild around human scuba divers. Nearly all videotaped injuries have actually been the outcome of mishaps. This short article will certainly cover some intriguing realities regarding the environment, diet, and adjustments of the Sea Sunfish.

3 Unbelievable Sea Sunfish Details!

  • The sea sunfish is a reasonably sluggish and difficult swimmer that does not have the gas- filled up swim bladder that provides various other fish their buoyancy. Some sunfish have actually been tracked stiring 16 miles a day, taking a trip anywhere the currents take them.
  • An unique mucous cellular lining in the tummy is amongst its most vital adjustments. This assists the sunfish prevent being hurt by their victim after ingesting it.
  • The body of the sunfish is a stronghold for various bloodsuckers. Greater than 40 various species have actually been videotaped surviving on the fish’s skin, consisting of some barnacles. They depend on various other kinds of fish to wipe the bloodsuckers from their skin.

Sea Sunfish Classification and Scientific Name

The scientific name of the sea sunfish isMola mola This is the Latin acceptation millstone, which describes the round form and harsh skin of the sunfish. The species is carefully pertaining to the southerly sunfish and the hoodwinker sunfish within the exact same genus. They likewise come from the class of bony ray- finned fish.

Sea Sunfish Appearance

If the sunfish is understood for anything, it’s a distinct appearance. The body is significant, oblong- formed, however likewise fairly level back and forth. As opposed to ranges, they have thick rubbery skin with irregular spots of tubercles, implying tiny blemishes that protrude from the surface area. Various other essential functions consist of tiny mouths and big eyes on their substantial heads. Although they have significant dorsal and rectal fins that expand much from the body, the tail fin has actually been lowered to an odd- looking bumpy framework on the back; it is utilized as a type of tail to guide via the water. Coming up to 10 feet long from head to tail and virtually 5,000 extra pounds, the sea sunfish is probably the biggest bony fish on the planet (definition most kinds of fish besides the class of sharks and rays).

Ocean Sunfish, Mola mola swimming underwater with divers. They are considered to be fairly docile and gentle around human divers.
Sea Sunfish, Mola mola swimming undersea with scuba divers. They are thought about to be rather accommodating and mild around human scuba divers.Martin Voeller/Shutterstock. com

Sea Sunfish Distribution, Population, and Environment

The sea sunfish can be discovered in pleasant and exotic waters all over the world. They like to occupy open seas fairly near the surface area, however they will certainly likewise go back to kelp beds and reef periodically where they can be cleansed by smaller sized fish since their skin gathers a lot of bloodsuckers. According to the IUCN Red Checklist, sea sunfish are vulnerable to termination. Overfishing has actually added to their decrease, however they’re frequently inadvertently captured up in gillnets that reduced right into their skin. Sunfish will certainly likewise eat plastic bags, misinterpreting it for a possible dish. The bag can block the tummy and gradually deprive it.

Sea Sunfish Predators and Target

The sea sunfish is largely a meat-eating fish. Their yearly movement in the springtime and summer season shows up to adhere to the program of their victim. They likewise take a trip daily from superficial to much deeper water in action to the visibility of victim.

What consumes the sea sunfish?

Therefore their huge dimension, a grown-up sea sunfish has couple of all-natural predators on the planet other than probably for sea lions, killer whales, and big sharks. Juveniles might be vulnerable to tuna and various other big fish.

What does the sea sunfish eat?

Jellyfish, soft- bodied shellfishes, tiny fish, sponges, and squid are believed to compose the mass of their diet. Their mouths are loaded with 2 sets of difficult teeth plates in the form of a bird’s beak. These adjustments allow them to gobble gelatinlike animals right into its mouth without eating quite.

Sea Sunfish Reproduction and Life Expectancy

However, since adequate study hasn’t been carried out, we do not recognize lots of realities regarding the breeding approaches and reproductive actions of sea sunfish. In some locations of the globe, they are believed to mate in the summer season. Females can create over 300 million eggs in the reproducing period, that makes them among one of the most productive species of animals on the planet. The moms and dad is believed to supply very little look after the eggs.

After hatching out, the sea sunfish experiences 2 various larval phases. In the initial stage, the infant sunfish looks like tiny round pufferfish with well- established fins and spinal columns (this demonstrates its transformative origins since the sunfish and pufferfish are rather carefully relevant). In the 2nd phase, the tails and spinal columns of the infant sunfish are taken in back right into the body or vanish entirely. As an infant or adolescent, the sunfish can expand some 2 extra pounds daily. Upon maturating, they will certainly have expanded some 60 million times from their first egg stage. The life-span in the wild has actually never ever been established, however they have actually been understood to live greater than one decade in bondage.

Sea Sunfish in Angling and Food Preparation

The sea sunfish (Mola mola) is thought about to be something of a special in Asia. It is captured for usage as both food and medication, however the European Union has actually made this unlawful. The meat is stated to taste something like a lobster. As a result of their requiring treatment, the sunfish is held by just a couple of fish tanks worldwide, consisting of the Monterey Bay Fish Tank in The Golden State and the Kaiyukan Fish Tank in Osaka.


  1. Animal Diversity Web, Available here:
  2. Monterey Bay Aquarium, Available here:

Relate animals

Abyssinian Guinea Pig

They are one of the oldest breeds of guinea pig

Ackie Monitor

The ackie monitor has a spiny tail which it uses as in self-defense.


The Albertonectes had the longest neck out of other Elasmosaurids.

American Bully

Though the American bully was bred to look intimidating, it makes an extremely friendly family pet!

Latest Animal News