Mantella Frog

Some of the smallest and most brightly colored frogs in the world
Mantella Frog Scientific Classification
Mantella Frog Physical Characteristics
Yellow, Blue, Black, Green, Orange
unknown, varies by species
5 years to 10 years
Up to 2oz
Mantella Frog Distribition

Mantella frogs are a few of one of the most vibrantly tinted, hazardous, and small frogs worldwide.

Mantella frogs are a genus of 16 species, 11 of which are near threatened, vulnerable, endangered, or near to extinct. As an advising to predators, they are vibrantly tinted with some having areas or patterns. Due to their shades and dimension, the frogs are frequently called the “gems of Madagascar.” Many mantellas secrete toxic substances via their skin.

Many various other kinds of frogs are nighttime, appearing during the night and pulling back throughout the day. Yet due to the fact that they are so small and attribute shades that advise off predators, these vibrant frogs are energetic throughout the day. In several methods, adjustments like being so vibrant and noticeable are secrets to their survival.

5 Extraordinary Mantella Frog Truths!

  • Unlike various other frogs, mantellas are diurnal
  • 11 species out of 16 mantellas are near threatened, vulnerable, endangered or seriously endangered
  • Many mantella frogs are vibrantly tinted, small and hazardous
  • They are additionally called the “gems of Madagascar” and Malagasy toxin frogs
  • Every one of the frogs in this genus action much less than 1.22 inches in size

Mantella Frog Scientific name

The Mantella frog comprises the genus Mantella, given name in 1882 by Belgian- British zoologist George Albert Boulenger. These 16 species belong to the family Mantellidae and subfamily Mantellinae. The subfamily presently consists of 128 well-known species however expands in number on a recurring basis as a result of brand-new explorations. The frog genus obtains its name from the Italian word mantella that implies “cape.”

Mantella Frog Appearance & Actions

Many Mantella frogs have actually vibrantly tinted markings for a really particular factor. Rather than intending to camouflage themselves on the ground or in trees, they utilize their skin shade to connect to possible predators that they are hazardous and bad to eat. These adjustments them aposematic. Their brilliant orange, bronze, yellow, blue, or environment-friendly back markings are additionally why they are called for the womanly Italian word “cape.”

Mantella frogs are small. They just determine from 0.71 in– 1.22 in (18mm- 31mm) and are the 2nd tiniest genus of frogs worldwide. They are similar in dimension to the tiniest reptile worldwide, the Virgin Islands dwarf gecko, and the tiniest creature, Kitti’s hog- nosed bat. In spite of being so tiny, they are diurnal. They appear throughout the daytime to feed and check out, rather than being nighttime like a lot of various other non- hazardous frogs. As a matter of fact, they count on their back shades being attended maintain them risk-free.

Grownup mantellas reside in swarms. These swarms are tiny however have 2 male frogs for each female. Throughout the reproducing period, the males relocate away to their very own regions and end up being safety of their power in those areas, pressing out various other males. Females are bigger than males.

Beautiful small endemic black and yellow frog, Climbing Mantella (Mantella laevigata).
Stunning tiny native to the island black and yellow frog, Climbing up Mantella (Mantella laevigata).Artush/Shutterstock. com

Mantella Frog Environment

Mantella frogs reside in the island country of Madagascar off the shore of Africa and its smaller sized seaside islands. Within this area, the frogs reside in numerous environment kinds. They consist of key and additional rain forests, swamps, damp canyons, semi- dry streambeds, bamboo woodlands, seasonal streams, woodland streams, and meadow savannah.

Some Mantellas have actually also made adjustments for residing in uncommon locations. One of the most versatile participants of the genus are Ebenau’s Mantella (Mantella ebenaui), brownish Mantella (Mantella betsileo), and Cowan’s Mantella (Mantella cowanii). Several of these Mantellas have actually been located living behind human homes in garbage heaps and in local garbage unloads where they prey on flies and ants.

Many mantellas survive on the ground. Yet 2, such as the arboreal Mantellas, like living in trees. Amongst the frogs’ adjustments to their environment consist of the lack of webbed toes. Mantellas do not have these attributes due to the fact that they do not generally swim. They remain amongst fallen leaves on the forest flooring, regularly climbing up over particles like branches. Their legs are much shorter symmetrical to various other frogs’ legs, also. Their brief arm or legs aid them climb up much better. One species, the arboreal Mantellas, have sticky rounded fingertips that aid them climb up and hang onto trees.

Mantella Frog Predators & Threats

What do mantella frogs eat?

Mantellas eat primarily fruit flies, ants, termites and various other insects. From their diet, a lot of frogs in the genus obtain alkaloid toxic substances that they make use of to protect themselves from their very ownpredators The frogs produce the toxic substances via their skin to make a killer ill. These toxic substances additionally taste negative to animals attempting to eat them. Along with their vibrantly tinted skin, this negative preference is among their finest survival adjustments.

What consumes the mantella frog?

Little creatures, snakes and birds are the key predators of Mantella frogs. These predators often eat the frogs regardless of their aposematic shades cautioning them of the Mantellas’ nasty preference and poisoning. In feedback to a strike, the frog secretes toxin via their skin. This toxin can make the assailant ill however will certainly not eliminate them.

Various other risks to Mantella preservation consist of environment adjustment and environment loss from farming, farming, metropolitan growth, logging, and mining. Humans are additionally predators, targeting the Mantellas as component of the pet profession. Due to the fact that mantellas soak up water via their skin like all various other amphibians, they are extremely vulnerable to adjustments in the atmosphere. As a matter of fact, the frog’s population health and wellness is a great sign of the atmosphere’s health and wellness.

Reproduction, Children, and Life-span

Mantellas type in springtime. Throughout this period, the males leave the nest and declare an area that they secure from various other males. If a male enters the area, the proprietor battles him to insist prominence, pressing the intruder out.

To begin the breeding routine, the male telephone calls out to females making use of quick and brief clicking noises. In the initial significant rainstorm of the breeding duration, the ground- home female down payments her eggs in other words passages she develops or amongst moist fallen leaves. The tree- climbing Mantella down payments eggs in tree openings. Males take care of the eggs till they hatch out right into small tadpoles. Pregnancy is simply a couple of days.

Tadpoles are cleaned by the rainfall right into close-by swimming pools. There, they prey on algae while they expand for around 6 to 8 weeks right into froglets gauging 0.4 inches (11 millimeters) long, equivalent to the size of a cent. The froglets are not vibrant like their moms and dads. Rather, they are a well- masked boring brownish for the following a number of months. Over this duration, they gradually shift right into grown-up shades. At a year old, they end up being sexually fully grown.

Mantella Frog Population

According to the IUCN, 11 species of the Mantella frog go to danger. One is seriously endangered, 5 are endangered, 4 are vulnerable and one is near threatened. Among the greatest concerns in the frogs’ preservation is environment adjustment. Contamination is one more issue due to the fact that they soak up water via their skin, absorbing ecological toxic substances. Human predation is one more problem of preservation due to the fact that there is a high need on the pet market for these small animals.

  • Black- eared mantella (Mantella milotempanum) – Seriously endangered
  • Eco-friendly gold frog (Mantella viridis) – Endangered
  • Blue- legged mantella (Mantella expectata) – Endangered
  • Cowan’s mantella( –Mantella cowanii) – Endangered
  • Haraldmeier’s mantella(Mantella – haraldmeieri) – Endangered
  • Golden mantella(Mantella aurantiaca) – Endangered
  • Bernhard’s mantella (Mantella bernhard i) – Vulnerable
  • Eastern gold frog – (Mantella crocea) – Vulnerable
  • Madagascan mantella (Mantella madagascariensis ) –Vulnerable
  • Mantella manery –Vulnerable
  • Parker’s gold frog (Mantella pulchra ) – near threatened



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