Madagascar Jacana

The Madagascar jacana is endangered due to habitat loss and illegal hunting.
Madagascar Jacana Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Actophilornis albinucha
Madagascar Jacana Physical Characteristics
Blue, Black, White, Chestnut
975 to 2,064
up to 10 years
4 to 10 ounces
Madagascar Jacana Distribition

” These elegant birds stroll throughout lily pads.”


The Madagascar jacana ( Actophilornis albinucha) is an exotic wader native to the Island of Madagascar, off the coastline of Southern Africa. They are hefty jacanas, similar in appearance to the African species. This bird invests its days foraging for insects while strolling throughout drifting plants. This jacana species is endangered because of a reasonably quick decline in its population from prohibited searching and marsh deterioration. Discover all the interesting truths regarding this unusual bird, consisting of where it lives, what it consumes, and exactly how it acts.

5 Incredible Madagascar Jacana Truths

  • They are native to Madagascar, where they occupy marshes.
  • The Madagascar jacana is among the heaviest in its family and looks similar to the African jacana.
  • These birds are reasonably singular, liking to forage alone or in sets.
  • Like various other jacanas, the males take care of their young, while females take part in a polyandrous breeding system.
  • The Madagascar jacana is endangered because of environment loss and prohibited searching.

Where to Discover the Madagascar Jacana

The Madagascar jacana is native to Madagascar, an island in the Indian Sea off the coastline of Southern Africa.Framalicious/Shutterstock. comMadagascar

The Madagascar jacana is native to Madagascar, an island in the Indian Sea off the coastline of Southern Africa. It populates the north and western bogs of the island and is missing or unusual in Central, Southern, and EasternMadagascar It resides in freshwater marshes with bountiful marine plants, specifically water lilies. You might likewise discover this species in lakes, fish ponds, rivers, and marshes. Seek it strolling throughout the water and pay attention for its sharp phone calls.

Madagascar Jacana Nest

Males construct their nests on drifting marine plants, usually partly immersed under the water’s surface area. They likewise include plant product around the eggs to hide or position them in a location with vegetative treatments.

Scientific Name

The Madagascar jacana (Actophilornis albinucha) belongs to the Charadriiformes order, that includes birds near water that eat invertebrates. Its Jacanidae family incorporates the jacanas, a team of exotic waders. The Actophilornis genus includes the Madagascar and African jacanas. Its particular name, Albinucha, is New Latin for “white neck,” describing its white crown and hindneck.

Dimension, Appearance & Habits

The Madagascar is a huge jacana bird, among the heaviest in its family. Nevertheless, we are not sure of its specific dimensions. It is similar in dimension and appearance to the African jacana, which considers in between 4 and 10 ounces, actions 9 to twelve inches, and has a 20- inch wingspan. Its body and wings are a chestnut shade with a black face, chin, and throat. Its crown and hindneck are white with black streaks, and its frontal guard is light blue. Both sexes have similar coloring, however the females are a lot more noticeable, with longer tails and wings. They show sharp phone calls when quarreling and a much longer sequenced trill when presenting. These birds are reasonably singular, usually detected alone or in sets. Yet they might create little teams outside the reproducing period. Like various other jacanas, this species is a weak flier, liking to stroll in its marsh environment.

Movement Pattern and Timing

The Madagascar jacana does not move. It is a year- round citizen in its marsh setting.


The Madagascar jacana is an omnivore that forages on drifting plants.

What Does the Madagascar Jacana Eat?

Jacanas eat insects, larvae, invertebrates, and seeds from marine plants. With its head and costs decreased, it selects insects from plant origins. They forage by strolling throughout the water on plants, utilizing their lengthy legs, massive feet, and extended toes to stable themselves. They do not feed in teams. Rather, you will certainly usually discover them alone, with their young, or sometimes in a set.

Predators, Hazards, and Conservation Status

The IUCN details the Madagascar jacana as EN or “endangered” They receive this condition because of their little population undertaking a reasonably quick decrease. Their most significant hazards consist of the deterioration of their marsh atmospheres and prohibited searching. Freshwater marshes are very intimidated in Madagascar due to their conversion to rice paddies. They have actually been staying in modified environments, like close-by lakes, however it’s vague for how long they can endure in changed atmospheres.

What Consumes the Madagascar Jacana?

Madagascar jacana’s predators consist of crocodiles, predators, otters, huge fish, turtles, and water serpents. These birds have sharp wing stimulates and will certainly utilize them to protect themselves. Their young are specifically vulnerable to nest predators, however they discover to dive undersea at a young age. Papas will certainly likewise lug their children under their wings and bring them to safety and security.

Reproduction, Youthful, and Molting

Reproduction can occur year- round however frequently happens from December to June. Like many jacanas, the Madagascar presents sociosexual duty turnaround and takes part in a polyandrous breeding system. Females protect the area and copulate with several males, spreading out egg clutches to at the very least 2 or 3 companions. Males are the single caretakers to their young and care for all obligations, consisting of nest structure, incubation, brooding, and rearing. Females lay 4 olive- tinted eggs with dark markings, and males breed for 22 to 28 days. It is not understood when their young fledge the nest and come to be independent. Their ordinary life expectancy is 4.6 years, however they can meet 10.


The Madagascar jacana worldwide population is 975 to 2,064, which relates to 780 to 1,643 fully grown people. While they are not experiencing severe variations or fragmentations, their numbers are decreasing and coming to be significantly unusual in their environments. This modest decrease results from environment deterioration and searching stress.

Similar Animals:


  1. Red List / BirdLife International, Available here:
  2. Taylor Francis Online / Journal of African Ornithology Vol. 90, Available here:
  3. Birds of Madagascar: A Photographic Guide / Pete Morris, Frank Hawkins, Available here:

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