Kirtland’s snake

It is considered to be the least aquatic of water snakes.
Kirtland’s snake Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Clonophis kirtlandii
Kirtland’s snake Physical Characteristics
Brown, Red, Dark Brown, Orange, Pink
Kirtland’s snake Distribition

Kirtland’s snake is a tiny snake, concerning 14- 28 inches long, that lives in locations in the north- main Midwest.

It’s often perplexed with numerous various other snakes consisting of Dekay’s Brown Snake and the Northern Red- bellied Snake, yet its stomach is what you’ll utilize to validate its identification. They constantly live near a water resource and their target consists of little reptiles, slugs, earthworms, and slugs.

Kirtland’s snake Fantastic Truths!

  • They can be extremely significant when endangered and may wriggle about, or roll up right into a round and surrender.
  • They are ovoviviparous and offer real-time birth.
  • Their stomach is red, orange, or pink with dots on the sides.

Where to Locate Kirtland’s snake

Kirtland’s snakes populate damp open fields and damp meadow lands. They are little and reclusive and invest much of their time below ground taking advantage of crayfish burrows. They require a damp- dirt atmosphere to make it through so a water resource (either irreversible or seasonal) is constantly close-by. They have actually additionally been recognized to discover their method to the side of created locations. When they’re discovered over- ground it’s commonly under damp ground cover or an additional sanctuary due to the fact that they do not bask extremely frequently.

They’re energetic from March or April to November, taking advantage of a range of animals such as earthworms, slugs, little reptiles, and amphibians. They are ovoviviparous and do not lay eggs and rather bring to life live young. Breeding remains in the springtime, and young are birthed around August.

Kirtland’s snake Scientific Name

Their scientific name is a mix of Greek and Latinized English. Clonophis implies branch snake (Klon = branch; ophios = snake), and kirtlandii describes Dr. Jared Potter Kirtland (1793- 1877) that started the Cleveland Gallery of Nature, in whose honor the snake was called. Kirtland’s snakes are the only species in the genus clonophis.

Kirtland’s snake Population and Conservation Status

These snakes have actually decreased significantly over the last numerous years and their IUCN standing is near threatened. There is no precise matter of their population because of their reclusive and challenging- to- research study nature. The best obstacle to their population presently is environment loss and deterioration, and all the states they populate have actually provided them as either endangered or endangered.

Appearance and Summary of Kirtland’s snake

Kirtland’s snakes are little, red to dark brown snakes. They vary from 14- 28 inches lengthy and slim, and the females bring to life a clutch of 4- 15 real-time young in late summer season. Their stomach is the most effective method to determine them: it is red, orange, or pink and has 2 rows of dark areas along either side. Their back has 2 rows of bigger dark spots and 2 rows of smaller sized dark spots; and ranges on their top are keeled, offering a distinctive feeling to their skin.

They are frequently perplexed with Dekay’s brownish snake and Northern Red- belliedSnakes Dekay’s brownish snake looks similar on the back, yet the stomach is brown, and the red- bellied snake does not have as much information in its rows of areas.

Kirtland’s snake Photos

Their belly is the best way to identify Kirtland’s snakes: it is red, orange, or pink and has two rows of dark spots along either side.
Their stomach is the most effective method to determine Kirtland& rsquo; s snakes: it is red, orange, or pink and has 2 rows of dark areas along either side.Mike Wilhelm/Shutterstock. com

The scales on a Kirtland’s snake's top side are keeled, giving a textured feel to their skin.
The ranges on a Kirtland& rsquo; s snake’s top are keeled, offering a distinctive feeling to their skin.Mike Wilhelm/Shutterstock. com

Kirtland's snake head and eye close-up. Kirtland’s snakes are small, reddish to dark brown snakes.
Kirtland’s snake, head, and eye close- up. Kirtland& rsquo; s snakes are little, red to dark brown snakes.Mike Wilhelm/Shutterstock. com

Are Kirtland’s snakes Dangerous?

These snakes are safe, yet attempt to place on a great program when they are endangered or interrupted. They squash themselves to show up bigger, tense up and surrender, or roll up right into a round.

Kirtland’s snake Behavior and Humans

These snakes are instead reluctant, they’re not specifically take on and prefer to conceal than battle. They invest a lot of their time below ground and are deceptive, according to biologists. If you discover one, it’s more than likely to be below a sanctuary of some type – and their concept of sanctuary is versatile. A cardboard box on a wet yard or a deserted crayfish burrow will certainly do.

They have a variety of all-natural predators, from tunneling animals like weasels and milk snakes; when they’re over ground hawks, cats, weasels, and skunks might take advantage of them.


  1. Michigan State University, Available here:
  2. PACE, Available here:
  3. IUCN, Available here:

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