King Quail

Females look similar to males but don’t come in shades of blue
King Quail Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Synoicus chinensis
King Quail Physical Characteristics
Brown, Red, Blue, Black, Orange, Silver
2.8 years
0.99 to 1.4 ounces
King Quail Distribition

They can flying however favor to invest their time on the ground.


King quail ( Synoicus chinensis) are little “real quail” belonging to Asia and Australia. They occupy shrublands, meadows, and swamps and invest much of their time foraging on the ground in groups. These birds have actually rounded bodies and be available in differing tones of blue, silver, and maroon, with their trademark corroded red bottoms. Find out every little thing there is to learn about this quail species, consisting of where to locate it, what it consumes, and just how it acts.

5 Impressive King Quail Realities

  • You can locate king quail worldwide in Aviculture, however they occupy Southern Asia, Oceania, and components of Australia in the wild.
  • Females look similar to males however do not be available in tones of blue.
  • Their telephone calls seem like a coming down whistle or scratchy snoring.
  • They can fly however favor to remain on the ground. They additionally can not fly cross countries.
  • They have a brief life expectancy of around 2 years however can meet 13 in bondage.

Where to Locate the King Quail

The king quail is belonging to Asia and Australia and located in at the very least 19 nations, consisting of China, India, Singapore, Guam, and Thailand. In Aviculture, you can locate king quail worldwide. They vary from Southern China to Oceania to Southeastern Australia in the wild. They reside in exotic and warm shrublands, meadows, swamps, and near seaside locations. Search for them on the ground as they forage in groups, and watch out for their corroded red bottoms.

King Quail Nest

Males pick the website in meadows or swamps and aid gather product as the females build the nest. She lines an all-natural anxiety with lawn, needles, and sedge.

Scientific Name

The king quail ( Synoicus chinensis) is from the Galliformes order in the Phasianidae family, incorporating hefty ground- living birds. It remains in the very same family as pheasants, chickens, and turkeys. The Synoicus genus has 4 species of Old Globe quail.

The king quail has 6 acknowledged subspecies:

  • E. c. chinensis: Established in India and Sri Lanka to Malaya, Indochina, southeastern China, and Taiwan
  • Nicobar blue- breasted quail: Locate on Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • E. c. lineata: Established in the Philippines, Borneo, Lesser Sundas, Sulawesi, and Sula Islands
  • E. c. lepida: Established in the Bismarck Island Chain
  • E. c. australis: Established in eastern Australia
  • E. c. colletti: Established in north Australia

Dimension, Appearance & Habits

King Quails
King Quails can fly however favor to remain on the ground. They additionally can not fly cross countries.Papa 1266/Shutterstock. com

The king quail is the tiniest “real quail,” determining 4.9 to 5.5 inches long and considering 0.99 to 1.4 ounces, with an unidentified wingspan. These rounded birds can be found in several shades: blue, brownish, silver, maroon, and black. Their feet and legs are orange, their beaks are black, and their stomaches are a red or corrosion shade. They additionally have black and white candy striped necks. Females look similar to males, other than they do not be available in tones of blue.

These birds are social, creating lengthy- term set bonds and foraging on the ground with various other quail. This species is not understood for being excessively loud, however males might obtain loud throughout the reproducing period. Their telephone calls seem like a coming down whistle or scratchy snoring. They can flying however favor to invest their time on the ground. They do not fly in addition to various other birds and do not take a trip cross countries.

Movement Pattern and Timing

The king quail is nonmigratory, selecting to remain in its atmosphere year- round. Additionally, these birds favor to stay on the ground and can just fly brief ranges.


King quails are omnivores that forage from the ground.

What Does the King Quail Eat?

They eat little insects, seeds, yards, plants, little nuts, berries, and grains. They create “coveys,” or teams of 10 to 30, to forage and roost. You can locate them pecking on the ground in the morning and mid to late mid-day.

Predators, Hazards, and Conservation Status

The IUCN notes the king quail as LC or “least concern.” Because of its substantial array and steady population, this species does not satisfy “intimidated” standing limits. Their precise dangers are unidentified, however they might be vulnerable to environment modifications from the farming market, environment modification, and overhunting.

What Consumes the King Quail?

King quail predators consist of foxes, raccoons, squirrels, coyotes, bobcats, skunks, residential dogs, and cats. Nest predation is additionally a problem for this species; their young are vulnerable to hawks, owls, rats, and weasels. When intimidated, the king quail positions reduced to the ground sending out a fast peeping telephone call, and might aggress or chase after a burglar, particularly if it’s an additional bird.

Reproduction, Youthful, and Molting

King quail are virginal and kind solid set bonds. This species’ breeding system has actually not been completely looked into, so we do not recognize much concerning their dating actions and reproduction practices. Females normally lay 5 to 13 eggs and nurture them for 16 days. Their young leave the nest quickly after hatching out and discover just how to take care of themselves by following their mom. They are independent around 6 to 7 weeks and sexually fully grown under 3 months. Their typical life expectancy is 2.8 years, however they can meet 13 years in bondage.


The worldwide king quail population is unidentified however is approximated to be steady without proof. They are additionally not experiencing any type of severe variations or fragmentations in their numbers.


  1., Available here:
  2. PLOS one / Elizabeth Adkins – Regan, Available here:
  3. BirdLife International, Available here:

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