The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
Jacana Scientific Classification
Scientific name
Jacana Brisson
Jacana Physical Characteristics
Brown, Yellow, Red, Black, White, Green
one to nine ounces
Jacana Distribition

” The wonderful swimmer and scuba diver.”

The jacana is a family of vibrant and lengthy- legged water birds coming from the exotic marshes worldwide. There are 8 recorded species, plus 4 even more extinct species recognized from the fossil document. Jointly, they belong to an order that consists of waders, gulls, and auks. This write-up will certainly cover some intriguing truths regarding the recognition, actions, and diet of this distinct bird.

4 Extraordinary Jacana Truths!

  • The wattled jacana of South America shares an interesting common connection with the capybara by choosing the ticks straight off its body.
  • A lot of species of jacanas have a brief or non- current tail, however the pheasant- trailed jacana is an intriguing exemption.
  • This appropriately called bird has actually an extended tail that expands just in the reproducing period.
  • The African jacana in some cases undertakes momentary molting durations in which it can not fly at all.

Where to Discover the Jacana

The jacana can be discovered in cozy exotic areas around the globe, consisting of Africa, southerly Asia, Australia, Mexico and Central America, and South America. It additionally in some cases wanders as much north as the USA. They are particularly adjusted to life in swamps, marshes, shallows, and superficial lakes.

Jacana Nests

The female constructs a basic nest from the offered plant product on drifting islands.

Scientific Name

The scientific name of the jacana family is Jacanidae This is originated from the name of the bird. The 8 recognized species are split right into 6 various category.

Dimension, Appearance, and Habits

There are 8 recognized species of jacana.iStock.com/ Foto4440

The jacana is a tool- sized bird, determining anywhere in between 6 and 12 inches high. One of the most popular function to assist with recognition is the lengthy, spindly legs (the feet, toes, and claws look a little bit like branches and branches). These birds can be found in all type of various shades, consisting of brownish, cinnamon, white, and black, in some cases come with by yellow or eco-friendly trip plumes. Females can come up to two times the dimension of the males, however their tuft is or else nearly the same, making recognition rather challenging. Some species additionally have little red wattles or crowns near the beak.

The jacana is quite possibly- adjusted for the marsh community in which it lives. Their lengthy legs and feet allow them to stroll throughout lily pads and various other drifting plants without sinking. When endangered by a killer, they can remain undersea for extended periods with the expense sticking over the surface area to correctly take a breath. While they aren’t efficient in long, continual, effective trips, they do slide delicately for brief ranges over the surface area of the water. The plumes additionally supply insulation to maintain the bird cozy and comfy.

The jacana’s social system seems rather fundamental. They total much of their foraging and searching alone, however they do collaborated for reproducing. These are additionally extremely loud birds that make a range of various phone calls. Whether calming a chick or detecting a killer, its spoken collection consists of squeaks, whistles, babbles, coos, and twitters.


The jacana is an omnivore, however a lot of what it takes in is meat.

What does the jacana eat?

The jacana feeds mainly on little insects. It supplements this with snails, worms, crabs, fish, mollusks, and seeds. They utilize their beaks, toes, and claws to pass on water plants searching for food.

Predators, Risks, and Conservation Status

7 of the 8 species are categorized by the IUCN Red Listing as least concern. Just the Madagascar jacana isendangered The best risk is the loss of its all-natural marsh environment to farming and animals. Marshes are several of one of the most vulnerable communities on earth.

What consumes the jacana?

This bird is preyed upon by otters, turtles, crocodiles, snakes, predators, and huge fish. As discussed formerly, these birds can escape or conceal undersea upon picking up risk. The wattled jacana of the Americas additionally has sharp claws or stimulates on the joint wing to supply added protection, and the bare, fleshy location on the front of the body might show light to supply camouflage.

Reproduction, Youthful, and Molting

Among one of the most interesting truths regarding the jacana is that it has actually advanced a polyandrous reproduction connection in which the female maintains numerous companions at once instead of the contrary. Just the minimal jacana kinds completely virginal reproduction sets. After mating, the female will certainly create a clutch of 3 or 4 eggs at once. These shiny eggs have intricate markings to assist maintain them risk-free and concealed amongst the plants. The dad after that presumes much of the obligation of treatment, essentially taking the eggs under his wing to maintain them cozy, while the female will certainly frequently select to mate once again with an additional male to prepare the means for a brand-new brood.

After an incubation duration lasting anywhere in between 22 and 28 days, the infants will certainly arise from the eggs, cosy and candy striped. They will certainly quickly find out just how to stroll, swim, and dive within the initial couple of hrs after hatching out. The infants will certainly remain to stick with the dad and find out just how to forage for around 40 to 70 days. If the nest begins to sink under the water, after that he will certainly take them to a brand-new website under his wings. The life-span of this bird is presently unidentified. Nevertheless, regarding fifty percent of the chicks do not make it through right into the adult years.

What triggers sex duty turnaround in jacana birds?

In an intriguing turnaround of the common polygamous sex duties, the female jacana is the one that keeps a hareem (an unique breeding team) of approximately 4 males at once. Every one of the males that stay within her huge area (which can rise to 2 football areas long) are taken into consideration to be component of her hareem. The males supply a lot of the incubation and food, while the female protects the nest and the infants from risks. This enables the female to mate with as numerous males as feasible quickly. The jacana might have advanced this breeding method to make up for the amazing variety of chicks shed to predators prior to the adult years.


Population numbers are challenging to approximate and rely on the species. According to the IUCN Red Listing, there might be anywhere in between 5 million and 50 million fully grown wattled jacanas in the wild. On the various other hand, there might just be 800 to 1,600 fully grown Madagascar jacanas staying.


  1. San Diego Zoo, Available here: https://animals.sandiegozoo.org/animals/jacana
  2. PBS evolution, Available here: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/library/01/6/l_016_04.html

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